Improving Student Internalization of Disaster Knowledge by Participating in Learning Package Development

Rina Suryani Oktari(1*), Intan Dewi Kumala(2)

(1) 1. Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC) 2. Family Medicine Departement, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Syiah Kuala
(2) Psychology Department, Universitas Syiah Kuala
(*) Corresponding Author


In the subject of disaster education, it is crucial to establish a practical approach to give an impactful impression for the student so that it can increase self-awareness as well as for it to be applicable in daily life and memorized longer in each individual. This community services program titled "Development of Learning Packages by and for Students towards a Smart and Resilience Generations in dealing with Disaster." aims at developing creative and innovative disaster education learning packages that meet the needs and characteristics of students. This activity was carried out using a participatory method, through three (3) stages, namely: i) design phase, ii) production stage, and iii) evaluation phase. This activity adopts the experiential learning process, to assist the students in internalizing disaster knowledge in order for them to be able to apply the principles and develop the characters and competencies needed when disasters occur. The implementation of the program has resulted in the compilation of creative and innovative disaster education learning packages that meet the needs and characteristics of students, namely posters, poems, short stories, videos, and dances.


Creative; Experiential learning; Hazard; Preparedness; School

Full Text:



Ambrose SA, Bridges MW, DiPietro M, Lovett MC, Norman MK. (2010). How learning works: seven research-based principles for smart teaching. Jossey-Bass: San Francisco. Retrieved from:

Anttila, E., Martin, R., & Nielsen, C. S. (2019). Performing difference in/through dance: The significance of dialogical, or third spaces in creating conditions for learning and living together. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 31, 209-216. doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2018.12.006.

BPS Aceh Besar (2018). Kabupaten Aceh Besar Dalam Angka 2017. BPS, Aceh Besar. Retrieved from: .

Gaillard, J. C., Clavé, E., Vibert, O., Denain, J. C., Efendi, Y., Grancher, C.C. Liamzon, D.S.R. Sari, R. Setiawan. (2008). Ethnic groups’ response to the 26 December 2004 earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia. Natural Hazards, 47(1), 17-38. doi: 10.1007/s11069-007-9193-3.

Jack, K. and Illingworth, S. (2019). Developing Reflective Thinking through Poetry Writing: Views from Students and Educators. International journal of nursing education scholarship, 16(1). doi: 10.1515/ijnes-2018-0064.

Kang, H. and van Es, E. A. (2019). Articulating design principles for productive use of video in preservice education. Journal of Teacher Education, 70(3), 237-250. doi: 10.1177/0022487118778549.

LIPI-UNESCO (2006). Kajian Kesiapsiagaan Masyarakat Dalam Mengantisipasi Bencana Gempa Bumi & Tsunami. LIPI-UNESCO, Jakarta.

Nurdin, N., Rafliana, I., Hidayati, S., Oktari, R. S., and Djalante, R. (2017). Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation into School Curricula: From National Policy to Local Implementation. In Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia (pp. 213-234). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-54466-3_8.

Oktari, R.S., Shiwaku, K., Munadi, K. and Shaw, R., (2015). A conceptual model of a school–community collaborative network in enhancing coastal community resilience in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 12, pp.300-310. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.02.006.

Oktari, R.S., Shiwaku, K., Munadi, K. and Shaw, R. (2018). Enhancing community resilience towards disaster: The contributing factors of school-community collaborative network in the tsunami affected area in Aceh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 29, pp.3-12. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.07.009.

Oktari, R. S. (2017). Role of the disaster education laboratory in enhancing preparedness of elementary school student. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1857, No. 1, p. 110004). AIP Publishing. doi: 10.1063/1.4987123.

Rauschenbach, I., Keddis, R. and Davis, D. (2018). Poster Development and Presentation to Improve Scientific Inquiry and Broaden Effective Scientific Communication Skills. Journal of microbiology & biology education, 19(1). doi: 10.1128/jmbe.v19i1.1511.

Rezaei, S. and Naghibian, M. (2018). Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Short Stories: A Qualitative Inquiry. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 6(2), 77-96. Retrieved from:

Sakurai, A., Bisri, M.B., Oktari, R.S. and Oda, T. (2015). The 11th years assessment on school safety and disaster education at the public elementary schools in Banda Aceh after the 2004 Aceh tsunami: preliminary findings. TDMRC Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh, pp.146-154 Simposium. Retrieved from:

Sakurai, A., Bisri, M.B.F., Oda, T., Oktari, R.S., Murayama, Y. and Affan, M. (2018). Exploring minimum essentials for sustainable school disaster preparedness: A case of elementary schools in Banda Aceh City, Indonesia. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 29, pp.73-83. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.08.005.

Sharpe, J. (2016). Understanding and unlocking transformative learning as a method for enabling behaviour change for adaptation and resilience to disaster threats. International journal of disaster risk reduction, 17, pp.213-219. doi: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.04.014.

Sharpe, J. and Kelman, I. (2011). Improving the disaster-related component of secondary school geography education in England. International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, 20(4), pp.327-343. doi: 10.1080/10382046.2011.619810.

Sharpe, J. (2017). Learning to be practical: A guided learning approach to transform student community resilience when faced with natural hazard threats. In Observing the Volcano World (pp. 715-731). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/11157_2017_1


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2002 | views : 972


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)

ISSN (print) 2460-9447ISSN (online) 2541-5883