DISASTER VICTIM IDENTIFICATION (DVI) TRAINING FOR MEDICAL STUDENT

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.54055

Taufik Suryadi Ismail(1*), Kulsum Binti Syarifudin(2)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Disaster victim identification (DVI) is a process of identifying the victim who died due to the disaster. Deaths due to disasters can be classified as victims of open disasters and victims of closed disasters. In the open disasters the process of identification is more difficult. Based on regulation of law in Indonesia, the identification is intended to fulfil human rights to identity, dignity and social status, autonomy rights such as inheritance, marital status, religion, insurance or other legal and social issues. Aims: The purpose of this curriculum study is to provide an overview of the DVI training process for medical students. 

Curriculum Discussion: Given the importance of the identification process it is necessary to be included in the medical education curriculum. The DVI training to identify victims of mass disasters uses the DVI Interpol standard. Faculty of Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala has conducted training and simulations of DVI for medical student since 2009 until 2019. A total of 1995 students in this period have participated in the training. The DVI training for medical students is very needed as an addition to the competence of doctors in the field of disaster management. Conclusion: By joining this training, medical students have sufficient medical skills to assist in the process of DVI.

 


Keywords


DVI training, Disaster management, Medical competence

Full Text:

PDF


References

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Pedoman Perencanaan Penyiagaan Bencana bagi Rumah Sakit. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2009.

Toha M. Berkawan dengan ancaman: Strategi dan Adaptasi Mengurangi Risiko Bencana. J Walhi; 2007.

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). Kerangka Kerja Sendai untuk Pengurangan Risiko Bencana 2015-2030. Jakarta: BNPB; 2015.

Prawestingingtyas E, Algozi AM. Identifikasi forensik berdasarkan pemeriksaan primer dan sekunder sebagai penentu identitas korban pada dua kasus bencana massal. Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya. 2009;25(2):87-94.

Lessig R, Rothschild M. International standard in cases of mass Disaster Victim Identification (DVI). Forens Sci Med Pathol. 2011.

Beauthier JP, Valck ED, Levefre P, De Winne J. Mass Disaster Victim Identification: The Tsunami Experience. Forens Sci J. 2009;2:54-62.

Rahman S, Oktari RS, Suryadi T, Jasa ZK, Andayani H, Akbar TIS. Buku tutor Blok Disaster Manajemen. Banda Aceh: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala; 2017.

Poernomo S, Salehangi P, Yosephine L, Agus M. Pedoman Penatalaksanaan Identifikasi Korban Mati pada Bencana Massal. Jakarta: Departemen Kesehatan Republik Indonesia dan Kepolisian Negara Republik Indonesia; 2004, pp 1–234.

Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan.

Amir A. Rangkaian Ilmu kedokteran forensik. Edisi kedua. Medan: Bagian Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik dan Medikolegal Fakultas Kedoktean USU; 2005.

Idries AM, Tjiptomartono AL. Penerapan Ilmu Kedokteran Forenik dalam Proses Penyidikan. Jakarta: Sagung Seto; 2008.

International Criminal Police Organization. Disaster Victim Identification Guide, GB Version: 2011.

Saparwoko E. DVI in Indonesia: an overview, in DVI Workshop, Bandung 25-26 November 2006.

Universitas Syiah Kuala. Data Mahasiswa-Data akademik. Available at: https://krsonline. unsyiah.ac.id.2019.

Bagian Kedokteran Forensik Fakultas Kedokter-an Universitas Indonesia. Identifikasi Forensik, dalam Ilmu Kedokteran Forensik. Jakarta: FK UI; 1997, pp.197-202.

Schuliar Y, Knudsen PJT, Role of forensic pathologists in mass disaster. Forens Sci Med Pathol. 2012;8:164-73.

Suryadi T. Modul Praktikum Identifikasi Korban Bencana. Blok Disaster Management Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala. Banda Aceh: FK Unsyiah; 2017.

Singh S. Penatalaksanaan Identifikasi Korban. Maj.Ked.Nusantara. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sumatera Utara, 2008;41:255-6.

Khoo LS, Aziz S, Mahmood MS. Beyond DVI: Future identification, research and archiving. Forens Sci Crimino. 2016;1(1):1-5.

Blau S, Briggs CA. The role of forensic anthropology in Disaster Victim Identification. Forens Sci Int. 2011;205:29-35.

Kolude B, Adeyemi BF, Taiwo JO, Sigbeku OF, Eze UO. The role of forensic dentist following mass disaster. Annual of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine. 2010;8(2):111-7.

Budowle B, Bieber FR, Eisenberg AJ. Forensic aspect of mass disasters: Strategic considerations for DNA-based human identification. Legal Medicine. 2005;7:230-43.

Monica GL, Siwu JF, Mallo JF. Identifikasi personal dan identifikasi korban massal di BLU RSUP Prof Dr R.D.Kandou Manado periode Januari 2010-Desember 2012. J Biomedik. 2013;5(1):119-26.

Mulya PN. Praktikum DVI (Disaster Victim Identification). Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Syiah Kuala; 2019. Video. Available at: https:// youtu.be/8_dBo50uB2U



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpki.54055

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 29 | views : 39

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Taufik Suryadi Ismail, Kulsum Binti Syarifudin

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education) indexed by:

 

JPKI Stats