Analisis Efektivitas Biaya Terapi Antihipertensi Kombinasi Tetap Di Satu Rumah Sakit Jakarta Selatan

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.43667

Ani Rahayu(1*), Ahmad Fuad Afdhal(2), Delina Hasan(3), Feriadi Suwarna(4), Okpri Meila(5)

(1) Magister Ilmu Kefarmasian, Farmasi Rumah Sakit, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta Selatan
(2) Program Studi Magister Ilmu Kefarmasian, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta Selatan
(3) Program Studi Magister Ilmu Kefarmasian, Universitas Pancasila, Jakarta Selatan
(4) Bagian Polikinik Penyakit Dalam, Rumah Sakit Swasta Tipe B Kuningan Jakarta Selatan
(5) Jurusan Farmasi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The majority of alternative antihypertensive therapies require pharmacoeconomic studies, particularly Cost Effectiveness Analysis, which is useful in balancing patients’ expenditure by determining alternative treatments that represented the most plausible health outcomes with a more reasonable budget. The objective of this study was to compare the cost effectiveness using antihypertensive fixed dose combinations (FDC) of Valsartan-Amlodipine + Furosemide and FDC of Valsartan-HCT + Amlodipin. This research applied the descriptive analytical cross-sectional method and conducted data collection retrospectively from the medical record of hypertensive patients. Meanwhile, the medication cost breakdown was obtained from Outpatient Financial Department of a Type B Hospital in south Jakarta for the period of January - June 2018. Total sample were 74 patients, consisted of 37 patients who used  FDC of Valsartan-Amlodipin + Furosemide, and 37 patients who used FDC of Valsartan-HCT + Amlodipin. The parameters of this research were direct medication cost (consisted of examination cost, laboratory cost and medicines cost), indirect medication cost (consisted accommodation cost and lost productivity cost), while the effectiveness used the MAP average (Mean Arterial Pressure). The result of this research showed that the biggest medication effectiveness to lower the blood pressure is FDC of  Valsartan-Amlodipin + Furosemide, with 32  patients had the average MAP 101,29 mmHg, while the FDC of Valsartan-HCT + Amlodipin with 29 patients had the average MAP 103,59 mmHg. The cost effectiveness based on ACER value of  FDC of Valsartan –HCT + Amlodipin and FDC Valsartan-HCT + Amlodipin sequentially is Rp 3.922.040/MAP and Rp 4.458.034/MAP. In conclusion, the FDC of Valsartan-Amlodipin + Furosemide  was more cost-effective.

Keywords


effective and efficient; fixed combination antipertension; fdc valsartan-amlodipin + furosemide; fdc valsartan-hydroklorothiazide; hypertension

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmpf.43667

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