KONSEP HAK UNTUK DILUPAKAN SEBAGAI PEMENUHAN HAK KORBAN REVENGE PORN BERDASARKAN PASAL 26 UNDANG-UNDANG INFORMASI DAN TRANSAKSI ELEKTRONIK

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.51110

Hwian Christianto(1*)

(1) Faculty of Law University of Surabaya Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract

Revenge porn victims experience prolonged and severe mental suffering due to defamation and negative stigma. Article 26.1 of Information and Electronic Transaction Act arranged a mechanism that victims shall request to the internet service provider to block or eliminate an information or content through a court decision. Juridical-normative research method was used through laws and regulations understandings related to victims’ rights complemented with understanding the form of victims as predisposed victims and participating victims. As a result, the right to be forgotten is a part of human rights as recognition of oneself as a victim, so that the elimination of violating electronic information that is detrimental to the victim becomes the fulfillment mechanism.

Intisari

Korban revenge porn mengalami penderitaan mental yang berkepanjangan dan berat akibat pencemaran nama baik dan stigma negatif. Pasal 26 ayat (1) Undang-Undang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik mengatur mekanisme korban harus memohon kepada penyedia jasa internet untuk memblokir atau menghapus informasi melalui penetapan pengadilan. Metode penelitian yuridis normatif digunakan melalui pemahaman peraturan perundang-undangan terkait hak korban dilengkapi pemahaman bentuk korban sebagai predisposed victims dan participating victims. Hasilnya, hak untuk dilupakan merupakan bagian dari hak asasi manusia sebagai pengakuan diri sebagai korban sehingga penghapusan informasi elektronik yang melanggar yang merugikan korban menjadi mekanisme pemenuhanya.


Keywords


hak untuk dilupakan; korban; revenge porn

Full Text:

PDF


References

A. Buku

Darell, Keith B., 2009, Issues in Internet Law: Society, Technology and the Law, Fifth Edition, Amber Book, Washington.

Edwards L, et al., 2000, Law and the Internet: A Framework for Electronic Commerce, Second Edition, Hart Publishing, Oxford.

Galaway, IBurt, et al., 1981, Perspectives on Crime Victims, Mosby, St. Loius.

Lim, Yee Fen., 2007, Cyberspace Law: Commentaries and Materials, Second edition, Oxford University Press, New York.

Machmud Marzuki, Peter., 2008, Pengantar Ilmu Hukum, Kencana Prenada Media Group, Cetakan kedua, Jakarta.

___________, 2016, Penelitian Hukum, Kencana Prenada Media Group, Jakarta.

Newburn, T., 2007, Criminology, Willan Publishing, Portland.

Susilo, Ignatius Bagus., et al., 2003, Kompilasi Instrumen Internasional Hak Asasi Manusia Berikut Ratifikasinya dalam Peraturan Perundang-Undangan di Indonesia, Pusat Studi Hak Asasi Manusia Universitas Surabaya, Surabaya.

Tim Penyusun Kamus Pusat Bahasa, 2008, Kamus Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Wacks, Raymond., 2013, Privacy and Media Freedom, Croydon, Oxford.

B. Artikel Jurnal

Adebayo, Haleemah Bukola, et al., “Trajectories of University of Ibadan Undergraduates’ Exposure to Cyber Pornography”, Journal of Social, Behavioral and Health Sciences, Vol. 12, Issue 1, 2018.

Aswari, Aan, et al., “Harmonisasi Hukum Hak untuk Dilupakan bagi Korban Digital terhadap Calon Mahasiswa di Makassar”, Kanun Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Vol. 20, No. 1, April 2018.

Brown, Jonathan, “Revenge porn’ and the actio iniuriarum: using ‘old law’ to solve ‘new problems”, Legal Studies, Vol. 38, 2018.

Christianto, Hwian, “Revenge porn sebagai Kejahatan Kesusilaan Khusus: Perspektif Sobural”, Jurnal Veritas et Justitia, Vol. 3, No. 2, Desember 2017.

DeKeseredy, Walter S, “Critical Criminological Understandings of Adult Pornography and Woman Abuse: New Progressive Directions in Research and Theory”, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2015.

Fattah, Ezzat Abdel, “Towards A Criminological Classification of Victims”, Criminology and Police Science Journal, Vol. 58, No. 4, Desember 1967.

Fay, Meghan, “The Naked Truth: Insufficient Coverage for Revenge Porn Victims at State Law and the Proposed Federal Legislation to Adequately Redress Them”, Boston College Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 5, 2018.

Franklin, Zak, “Justice for Revenge Porn Victims: Legal Theories to Overcome Claims of Civil Immunity by Operators of Revenge Porn Websites”, California Law Review, Vol. 102, 2014.

Hald, Gert Martin, et al., “What Types of Pornography Do People Use and Do They Cluster? Assesing Types and Categories of Pornography Consumption in a Large-Scale Online Simple”, Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 53, No. 7, 2016.

Jaishankar, K, “Sexting: A new form of victimless crime?”, International Journal of Cyber Criminology, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Januari-Juni 2009.

Jamin, Mohammad, “Reinforcing the Status of Cutomary Law as a Basis for Adjidicating in the Judicial Power System in Indonesia”, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No. 03, 2020.

Keilty, Patrick, “Embodied Engagements with online pornography”, The Information Society, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2016.

Kirchengast, Tyrone, “The Limits of Criminal Law and Justuce: ‘revenge porn’ Criminalization, Hybird Responses and The Ideal Victim”, UniSA Student Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 42, Desember 2016.

Kumar, Alok Prasanna, “Right to be Forgotten’ in Indian Law”, Economic and Political Review, Vol. 52, No. 11, Maret 2017.

Marsui, Shigenori, “The Criminalization of Revenge Porn in Japan”, Washington International Law Journal Association, Vol. 24, No. 2, April 2015.

Ngo, Fawn T, et al., “Sexting: Current Research Gaps and Legislative Issue: General Editors’ Introduction to the Special Issue”, International Journal of Cyber Criminology, Vol. 11, Issue 2, Juli-Desember 2017.

Nugraha, Ridha Aditya, “Perlindungan Data Pribadi dan Privasi Penumpang Maskapai Penerbangan pada Era Big Data”, Jurnal Mimbar Hukum, Vol. 30, No. 2, Juni 2018.

Perangin-angin, Ita Iya Pulina, et al., “Kewajiban dan Tanggung Jawab Negara Memberikan Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Perempuan Korban Revenge Porn di Indonesia”, Diponegoro Law Journal, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2019.

Saulawa, Mu’azu Abdullahi, “Cyberpornography: an Analysis of the Legal Framework”, Global Journal of Politics and Law Research, Vol. 3, No. 2, April 2015.

Sweeny, JoAnne, “Gendered Violence and Victim-Blaming: The Law’s Troubling Response to Cyber-Harassment and Revenge Pornography”, International Journal of Technoethics, Vol.8, Issue 1, 2017.

C. Makalah

Mudzakkir, “Perkembangan Viktimologi dan Hukum Pidana”, Makalah, Pelatihan Hukum Pidana dan Krimilogi Kerjasama Fakultas Hukum UGM dan Masyarakat Hukum Pidana dan Kriminologi Indonesia (MAHUPIKI), Yogyakarta, 23-27 Februari 2014.

D. Internet

Asosiasi Penyelenggara Jasa Internet Indonesia, “Info Grafis Hasil Survey 2017”, www.teknoprenuer.com, diakses 10 April 2018.

Danielle Keats Citron, et al., “Criminalizing Revenge Porn”, https://law.yale.edu/system/files/area/center/isp/documents/danielle_citron_-_criminalizing_ revenge_porn_-_fesc.pdf, diakses 12 September 2019.

E. Peraturan Perundang-undangan

Undang-Undang Nomor 13 Tahun 2006 tentang Perlindungan Saksi dan Korban (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2006 Nomor 64, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4635)

Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2008 Nomor 64, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 58, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4843)

Undang-Undang Nomor 44 Tahun 2008 tentang Pornografi (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2008 Nomor 181, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4928)

Undang-Undang Nomor 19 Tahun 2016 tentang Perubahan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 tentang Informasi dan Transaksi Elektronik (Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 2016 Nomor 251, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 58, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 5952)



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.51110

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 51881 | views : 5385

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Hwian Christianto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Mimbar Hukum Indexed by:

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journal) Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) COREWorldCatLIVIVOCopac JISTHarvard LibraryElectronic Journals LibraryColumbia University LibrariesLeiden University LibrariesUniversity of Saskatchewan-CanadaGent University LibraryWestern Theological SeminaryUniversity of OxfordThe University of SheffieldThe University of Manchester Toronto Public LibraryEbsco  

Member of :

Crossref


MIMBAR HUKUM ISSN: 0852-100X(print), ISSN: 2443-0994(online)