Praktik Illegal Transhipment di Laut Lepas Berdasarkan Hukum Laut Internasional

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.35718

cindy vira yunita(1*)

(1) universitas negeri surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract

Illegal transhipment practice is a serious problem because it is included in the theft mode of fish, which is by transferring the cargo of fish that occurs in the middle of the high seas from one ship to foreign ships without reporting the catch. It categorized as one form of the criteria for Transnational Organized Crime/TOC, includes crimes committed in one country, but involves organized criminal groups from more than one country. This paper will construct how the dispute resolution process must be carried out if it consists of UN procedures, UNCLOS 1982 by "International Tribunals for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)" and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Regional. The type of research used is normative juridical.

 

Intisari

Praktik illegal transhipment merupakan suatu permasalahan yang serius karena termasuk dalam modus pencurian ikan, yaitu melalui pemindahan muatan ikan yang terjadi di tengah laut lepas dari satu kapal ke kapal asing tanpa melaporkan hasil tangkapannya tersebut. Dikategorikan sebagai salah satu bentuk kriteria Transnational Organized Crime/TOC, meliputi kejahatan yang dilakukan di satu negara, akan tetapi melibatkan kelompok kriminal terorganisasi yang berasal lebih dari satu negara. Tulisan ini akan mengonstruksikan bagaimana proses penyelesaian sengketa yang harus dilakukan bilamana terdiri atas prosedur PBB, UNCLOS 1982 oleh “International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS)”, dan Regional Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Jenis penelitian yang digunakan ialah yuridis normatif. 


Keywords


transhipment; laut lepas; penyelesaian sengketa

Full Text:

PDF


References

 

A.           Buku

Adolf, Huala, 2004, Hukum Penyelesaian Sengketa Internasional, Sinar Grafika, Jakarta.

Hidayati, Ratnaningsih, 2015, ASEAN Satu Komunitas Satu Identitas, Deepublish, Yogyakarta.

Nikijuluw, Victor P. H., 2008, Dimensi Sosial Ekonomi Perikanan Illegal: Blue Water Crime, PT Pustaka Cidesindo, Jakarta.

Siombo, Marhaeni Ria, 2010, Hukum Perikanan Nasional dan Internasional, PT Gramedia, Jakarta.

Starke, J.G., 1988, An Introduction to International law, Butterworths, London.

Thontowi, Jawahir dan Pranoto Iskandar, 2006, Hukum Internasional Kontemporer, PT. Refika Aditama, Bandung.

B.            Artikel Jurnal

Salsabila, Aldhanalia Pramesti, “Pengoptimalan Satgas 115 dengan Model Koordinasi Satgas Pusat dan Daerah Sebagai Bentuk Pencegahan Illegal Transhipment di Indonesia”, Lex Scientia Law Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, Mei, 2018.

Tarigan, Muhammad Insan, “Upaya Konservasi Indonesia atas Sumber Daya Ikan di Laut Lepas”, Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, Vol. 9, No. 4, Oktober-Desember, 2015

Tsamenyi, Martin, et.al, “The European Council Regulation on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing: An International Fisheries Law Perspective”, The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law, Vol. 25, 2010

C.           Hasil Penelitian/Tugas Akhir

Setiawan, Rifky, 2010, Tinjauan Yuridis Penggunaan Trade Related Measures oleh Commision for The Conservation of southern bluefin tuna (CCSBT) kepada Indonesia dalam Rangka Perdagangan Tuna Sirip Biru Selatan, Tesis, Fakultas Hukum, Universitas Indonesia.

D.           Internet

Fitrahudin, Ahmad Ziaul, “Menteri Susi Selidiki Transhipment Illegal Fishing di Wilayah ini”, https://m.detik.com/news/berita/d-3286337/menteri-susi-selidiki-transhipment-illegal-fishing-di-wilayah-ini, diakses 22 Desember 2018.   

E.            Dokumen Lain

Piagam Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Statuta Mahkamah Internasional.

United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) tahun 1982.

United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime And The Protocols Thereto.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.35718

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1034 | views : 5400

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Mimbar Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Mimbar Hukum Indexed by:

DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journal) Bielefeld Academic Search Engine (BASE) COREGoogle ScholarWorldCatLIVIVOCopac JISTHarvard LibraryElectronic Journals LibraryColumbia University LibrariesLeiden University LibrariesUniversity of Saskatchewan-CanadaGent University LibraryWestern Theological SeminaryUniversity of OxfordThe University of SheffieldThe University of Manchester Toronto Public LibraryEbsco  

Member of :

Crossref


MIMBAR HUKUM ISSN: 0852-100X(print), ISSN: 2443-0994(online)