STATEOWNED ENTERPRISE AND PUBLIC SERVICE OBLIGATION IN THE SECTOR OF OIL AND GAS

https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.23643

Muhammad Insa Ansari(1*)

(1) "Universitas Syiah Kuala" and "Universitas Indonesia" and
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Abstract

The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia regulates natural recources in its particular article. Then, the Energy Law and the Oil and Gas Law regulate the state’s control of oil and natural gas. In the sectoral regulations of oil and gas, there is a public service obligation (PSO) which must be assumed by the Government and State Owned Enterprises (SOE). Meanwhile, in the SOE Law introduced entity Perum and Persero. Where in Perum entities carrying out public service, while the Persero entity to assume the role for profit. But in practice found a PSO on the oil and gas sector carried by state-run entities Persero.

 

Intisari

Dalam Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia 1945 diatur penguasaan negara terhadap sumber daya alam. Kemudian UU Enegi dan UU Minyak dan Gas Bumi mengatur penguasaan negara terhadap minyak dan gas bumi. Dalam pengaturan sektoral di bidang tersebut juga mengatur kewajiban pelayanan umum yang harus diemban oleh pemerintah dan BUMN. Sementara itu dalam UU BUMN diperkenalkan  entitas Perusahaan Umum (Perum) dan Perseroan Terbatas (Persero). Dimana entitas Perum mengemban peran pelayanan umum (public service), sementara entitas Persero mengemban peran mencari keuntungan (profit oriented). Namun dalam praktek ditemukan kewajiban pelayanan umum pada sektor minyak dan gas bumi diemban oleh BUMN dengan entitas Persero. 


Keywords


state enterprise; PSO; oil and gas

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References

A.  Book

Anggoro, Teddy, 2016, Monopoli Alamiah Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Herya Media, Bogor.

Anonim, 1970, Industri Minjak Bumi, PT. Stanvac Indonesia, Jakarta.

Dworkin, Ronal, 1977, Legal Research, Spring, Daedalung.

G. Bartlett III, Anderson, et.al., 1972, Pertamina: Indonesia National Oil, American Ltd, Jakarta.

Hasyim, Ibrahim, 2005, Siklus Krisis di Sekitar Energi, Proklamasi Publishing House, Jakarta.

Kementerian Badan Usaha Milik Negara, 2002, Keterangan Menteri Badan Usaha Milik Negara mewakili pemerintah mengenai Rancangan Undang-Undang tentang Badan Usaha Milik Negara, Kementerian BUMN, Jakarta.

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B. Paper/Speech

Atmodjo, Supomo M., Karnata Arjani, Arifin, “Peranan Kurikulum Dalam Membentuk Tenaga Profesional di Bidang Exploitasi Minyak dan Gas Bumi”, Paper, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

Haeruman JS, Herman, “Pengembangan Produksi Minyak dan Gas Bumi Yang Berwawasan Lingkungan”, Paper, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

Katili, John A., “Re-evaluasi Peta Sumber Daya Energy”, Speech, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

Purba, A. Zen Umar, “Pengelolaan Lingkungan dalam Penguasaan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Lepas Pantai Suatu Tinjau Hukum”, Paper, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

Salim, Emil, “Pengembangan Minyak dan Gas Bumi Berwawasan Lingkungan”, Speech, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

Wisaksono, Wahjudi dan Jaspar Bilal, “Minyak dan Gas Bumi yang Berwawasan Lingkungan,” Paper, Briefing of the State Minister of Population at the Meeting of the 100th Years Anniversary of Oil and Gas Mining Business in Indonesia, Jakarta, 14-17 October 1985.

C.  Internet Articles

Anonym, “Pertamina Rugi Saat Mendistribusikan BBM PSO”, http://www.wartajakarta.com/berita-5644-pertamina-rugi-saat-mendistribusikan-bbm-pso.html, accessed on 19 February 2016.

Pertamina, “Distribusi Domestik”, http://www.pertamina.com/company-profile/jaringan/distribusi-domestik/, accessed on 19 February 2016.

_______, “Pertamina Tegaskan Tidak Ada Penggelembungan Klaim Subsidi”, http://www.pertamina.com/en/news-room/energy-update/pertamina-tegaskan-tidak-ada-penggelembungan-klaim-subsidi/, accessed on 2 November 2014.

_______, “Pertamina Terima Mandat BBM PSO 2014”, http://www.pertamina.com/news-room/seputar-energi/pertamina-terima-mandat-bbm-pso-2014/?alttemplate=print, accessed on 2 November 2014.

 D. Government Regulations

The 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.

Law Number 30 of 2007 on Energy (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2007 Number 96, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4746).

Law Number 19 of 2003 on State Owned Enterprise (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2003 Number 70, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4297).

Law Number 22 of 2001 on Oil and Gas (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2001 Number 136, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4152).

Law Number 8 of 1971 on Oil and Gas Mining Company (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1971 Number 76, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 2971).

Law Number 15 of 1962 on Stipulation of Government Regulation in Lieu of Law No. 2 of 1962 concerning Obligation of Oil Company to Meet Domestic Demand (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1962 Number 80, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number ….).

Government Regulation in Lieu of Law Number 44 on 1960 on Oil and Gas Mining (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1960 Number 133, Supplement to State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 2070).

Government Regulation Number 27 of 1968 on Establishment of State Oil and Gas Mining Company (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 1968 Number 44).



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jmh.23643

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