Hubungan antara Literasi Kesehatan dengan Perilaku Perawatan Ibu pada Anak Balita di Kecamatan Saptosari

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.88713

Aulia Ulfi Ardani(1*), Anik Rustiyaningsih(2), Lely Lusmilasari(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background:  One of the things that influence mother's care behavior in toddlers is health literacy. Maternal health literacy can affect the ability of mothers to care for toddlers.
Objective: To find out the relationship between maternal health literacy and caring behavior for mothers who have toddlers aged 24-59 months in Saptosari District, Gunung Kidul Regency.
Method: This correlational analytic study uses a design cross-sectional and consecutive sampling as a sampling technique. This study involved 105 people. There were 3 instruments used in this study, namely respondent characteristics, health literacy (HLS-ASIA Q instrument) and the maternal care behavior questionnaire from the theory of Engle and Memon in 1997.
Results: The statistical test results between health literacy and maternal care behavior using the Spearman Rank found a value (p < 0,001). Health literacy is related to the domain of feeding behavior and psychosocial stimulation (p = 0,001). However, for the domain of fulfilling toddlers’ personal hygiene and treatment-seeking behavior, there was no significant relationship (p > 0,05).
Conclusion: Health literacy is related to maternal care behavior for toddlers in Saptosari Gunung Kidul District.

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Salah satu hal yang memengaruhi perilaku perawatan ibu pada anak balita adalah literasi kesehatan. Literasi kesehatan ibu dapat memengaruhi kemampuan ibu dalam merawat anak balita.
Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui kaitan literasi kesehatan ibu dengan perilaku perawatan ibu yang memiliki balita usia 24-59 bulan di Kecamatan Saptosari Kabupaten Gunung Kidul.
Metode: Penelitian analitik korelasional ini menggunakan rancangan cross-sectional dan consecutive sampling sebagai tehnik samplingnya. Penelitian ini melibatkan 105 orang. Terdapat 3 instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu karakteristik responden, literasi kesehatan (Instrumen HLS-ASIA Q) dan kuesioner perilaku perawatan ibudari teori Engle dan Memon pada tahun 1997.
Hasil: Hasil uji statistik antara literasi kesehatan dengan perilaku perawatan ibu menggunakan Spearman Rank didapati nilai (p < 0,001). Literasi kesehatan berhubungan dengan domain perilaku pemberian makan dan stimulasi psikososial (p = 0,001). Namun untuk domain pemenuhan kebersihan diri balita dan perilaku pencarian pengobatan tidak memiliki hubungan yang signifikan (p > 0,05).
Kesimpulan: Literasi kesehatan berhubungan dengan perilaku perawatan ibu pada balita di Kecamatan Saptosari Gunung Kidul.


Keywords


literasi kesehatan ibu; pemenuhan kebersihan diri dan pencarian pengobatan; perilaku perawatan ibu; perilaku pemberian makan; stimulasi sosial

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.88713

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