Gambaran Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Penerimaan Orang Tua terhadap Vaksinasi HPV di SMP Kota Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.71832

Arina Zulfa(1), Wiwin Lismidiati(2*), Anita Kustanti(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: One of Cervical cancer etiology is Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection which is transmitted through sexual activity. The main prevention of cervical cancer from WHO is through HPV vaccination in girls aged 9-14 years old who have not been sexually active. Factors related to parental acceptance of HPV vaccination are knowledge, attitude, and parental consent.
Objective: To describe student parents’ knowledge, attitude, and acceptance of HPV vaccination in junior high schools of Yogyakarta City.
Method: This descriptive study used a cross sectional design. The research was conducted at several  junior high schools in Yogyakarta city which involving 332 parents of grade VII and VIII students. Data collection was carried out online because it coincided with the Covid-19 pandemic. Knowledge, attitude, and acceptance questionnaires were prepared and tested for validity and reliability. Chi-square data analysis and fisher test were used to test bivariate aspect.
Results: There were 59.3% of respondents who had a high level of knowledge, 57.2% of respondents who had positive attitude regarding this, and 92.5% allowed their children if they were given the HPV vaccination. The level of knowledge was related to the level of education (p=0.000) and information exposure about cervical cancer (p<0.05). Attitude was significantly related to parental income (p=0.014) and level of education (p=0.016). Parents' acceptance of the HPV vaccine was associated with parents' education level (p=0.013).
Conclusion: Parents of junior high school students in Yogyakarta City have a high level of knowledge, a positive attitude, and good acceptance of HPV vaccination.

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Salah satu etiologi kanker serviks adalah Infeksi Human Papillomavirus (HPV) yang ditularkan melalui aktivitas seksual. Pencegahan utama kanker serviks dari WHO melalui vaksinasi HPV pada anak perempuan berusia 9-14 tahun yang belum aktif melakukan hubungan seksual. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan penerimaan orang tua terhadap vaksinasi HPV adalah pengetahuan, sikap, dan persetujuan orang tua.
Tujuan: Mendapatkan gambaran tentang pengetahuan, sikap, dan penerimaan orang tua terhadap vaksinasi HPV di SMP Kota Yogyakarta.
Metode: Penelitian deskriptif ini menggunakan rancangan cross sectional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di beberapa SMP di Kota Yogyakarta yang melibatkan 332 orang tua siswi SMP kelas VII dan VIII. Pengambilan data dilakukan secara daring karena bersamaan dengan pandemi Covid-19. Kuesioner pengetahuan, sikap, dan penerimaan disusun serta sudah dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas. Uji Chi Square dan Fisher Test digunakan dalam analisis bivariat pada penelitian ini.
Hasil: Sebanyak 59,3% responden mempunyai tingkat pengetahuan tinggi dan 57,2% responden memiliki sikap positif terkait vaksinasi HPV, serta 92,5% bersedia jika anaknya diberikan vaksinasi HPV. Tingkat pengetahuan berhubungan dengan tingkat pendidikan (p=0,000) dan pengalaman mendengar/paparan terhadap informasi kanker serviks (p<0,05). Sikap memiliki hubungan signifikan dengan pendapatan orang tua (p=0,014) dan tingkat pendidikan (p=0,016). Penerimaan orang tua terhadap vaksin HPV berhubungan dengan tingkat pendidikan orang tua (p=0,013).
Simpulan: Orang tua siswi SMP Kota Yogyakarta memiliki tingkat pengetahuan yang tinggi, sikap yang positif, dan penerimaan yang baik  terhadap vaksinasi HPV.


Keywords


orang tau; penerimaan; pengetahuan; sikap; vaksinasi HPV

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.71832

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