Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Praktik Siswi Boarding School Mengenai Higiene Menstruasi Area Urban di Yogyakarta



Dewi Fatma Mutiawati(1*), Widyawati Widyawati(2), Wenny Artanty Nisman(3)

(1) Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS) Kesehatan Yogyakarta
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Keperawatan Anak dan Maternitas, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: The density of students’ activities in boarding school needs to get care, especially in the practice of personal hygiene during menstruation. Menstruation process can lead to germs infection on the genital area which may cause diseases to the reproductive tract. To prevent this problem, it is important to do proper menstrual hygiene.

Objectives: To identify the account of a boarding school student girls’ level of knowledge and practice of Menstrual Hygiene in an urban area of Yogyakarta.

Method: This study was a quantitative descriptive using cross-sectional approach. The research was conducted in February 2017. The population of the research was female students’ boarding school in an urban area of Yogyakarta; where 124 female students were recruited for samples. Questionnaire was used as the data collection technique. Statistic descriptive technique was used for data analysis.

Results: In general, respondents’ knowledge and practice of menstrual hygiene were good. Almost all respondents (98%) answered correctly on menstruation statements as normal and statements with many incorrect answers were menstruation as a sign of puberty. The practice of menstrual hygiene is most often done by respondents bathing more than once a day during menstruation (99,2%). As for the practice of menstrual hygiene which is still not quite right, namely the direction of cleaning the pubic area (45,2%).

Conclusion: Respondents have accurate knowledge about menstrual hygiene. School manager (counseling and knowledge department) can increase the inappropriate menstrual knowledge and hygiene practice regarding to: hormones that affect menstruation, menstrual period, the frequency of replacement of the pads, the selection of material for disposing the pads and choosing right places to dry the underwear.

 

Keywords: boarding school, knowledge, and menstrual hygiene.


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