Gambaran Kesejahteraan Spiritual Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis yang Menjalani Hemodialisis

https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.49490

Frilisa J. Hi. Syafi(1*), Ike Wuri Winahyu Sari(2)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani, Yogyakarta
(2) Departemen Keperawatan Medikal Bedah, Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan, Fakultas Kesehatan, Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Background: Spiritual is one of the significant aspects in the concept of comprehensive nursing care. The broad variation of spiritual well-being and the limited number of research on spiritual well-being of patients with chronic kidney failure undergoing hemodialysis become the background of this research.
Objective: To identify the spiritual well-being of patients undergoing hemodialysis.
Method: The study used descriptive-analytic design. The sample was using purposive sampling technique with 62 patients with chronic kidney failure undergoing hemodialysis at RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul. Data was compiled through the valid and reliable Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) questionnaire. Data analysis consisted of univariate and bivariate (One-way ANNOVA and Unpaired T-test).
Result: The measured respondents’ spiritual well-being was reached score of 91,58+10,47 within the range of 20-120. Based on the respondents’ characteristics, there is no difference of spiritual well-being based on age (p=0,691), gender (p=0,355), marital status (p=0,107), employment status (p=0,141), level education (p=0,141) and length of time of hemodialysis (p=0,300).
Conclusion: The spiritual well-being of patients with chronic kidney failure undergoing hemodialysis at RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul was at the moderate level. There was not any significant difference of spiritual well-being based on respondents’ characteristics. Efforts to help patients obtain spiritual well-being through therapeutic communication, empathy, and facilitating patients to express spirituality are necessary.

 

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang: Spiritual merupakan salah satu aspek penting dalam konsep pelayanan keperawatan yang komprehensif. Beragamnya kesejahteraan spiritual dan sedikitnya penelitian mengenai gambaran kesejahteraan spiritual pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis (GGK) yang menjalani hemodialisis mendorong penelitian ini untuk dilakukan.
Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gambaran kesejahteraan spiritual pasien GGK yang menjalani hemodialisis.
Metode: Desain penelitian yang digunakan yaitu deskriptif-analitik. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling dengan besar sampel 62 pasien GGK yang menjalani hemodialisis di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner Spiritual Well-Being Scale (SWBS) yang telah valid dan reliabel. Analisis data terdiri atas univariat dan bivariat (uji One-way ANNOVA dan uji t tidak berpasangan).
Hasil: Kesejahteraan spiritual responden bernilai 91,58±10,47 dalam rentang skor 20-120. Berdasarkan karakteristik reponden, tidak ada perbedaan kesejahteraan spiritual berdasarkan usia (p=0,691), jenis kelamin (p=0,355), status pernikahan (p=0,107),  status pekerjaan (p=0,141), tingkat pendidikan  (p=0,549), dan lama hemodialisis (p=0,300).
Simpulan: Kesejahteraan spiritual pasien GGK yang menjalani hemodialisis di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul pada tingkat sedang. Tidak ada perbedaan bermakna kesejahteraaan spiritual berdasarkan karakteristik responden. Upaya untuk membantu pasien mencapai kesejahteraan spiritual yang tinggi melalui komunikasi terapeutik, empati, dan memfasilitasi pasien untuk mengekspresikan spiritual perlu dilakukan.


Keywords


gagal ginjal kronis; hemodialisis; kesejahteraan spiritual

Full Text:

PDF


References

DeWit SC. Medical Surgical Nursing: Concept and Practice. China: Saunders Elsevier; 2009.

Hill NR, Fatoba ST, Oke JL, Hirst JA, O’Callaghan OA, Daniel SL, Hobbs R. Global Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease – A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. PLoS ONE 11. 2016;11(7):1–18.

Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2018; 2018 [Diakses pada November 2018]. Terdapat di laman http://www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/info-terkini/materi_rakorpop_2018/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202018.pdf

Farrell M & Dempsey J. Smeltzer & Bare’s Textbook Medical-Surgical Nursing. 3rd E Farrell M & Dempsey J. China: Wolters Kluwer; 2014.

Ignatavicius DD, Workman ML. Medical Surgical Nursing: Patient-Centered Collaboration Care Eight China: Elseiver; 2016.

Perkumpulan Nefrologi Indonesia. 9th Report of Indonesian Renal Registry; 2016 [Cited November 2018]. Available from: https://www.indonesianrenalregistry.org/data/INDONESIAN%20RENAL%20REGISTRY%20pdf

Brown, Edwards H, Seaton L, Buckley T, Lewis SL, Dirksen SR, Heitkemper MM & Bucher L. Lewis’s Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems Fourth Edition. Australia: Mosby Elsevier ; 2015.

Taheri Z, The Relationship between Spiritual Well-being and Stress Coping Strategies in Hemodialysis Patients. Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics. 2016; 3(4): 24-8.

Seraji M, Shojaeizadeh D & Rakhshani F. Well-being in Hemodialysis Patients. Iran Journal Public Health. 2018;47(8):1222-3.

Widayati, Lestari N. Peningkatan Kualitas Hidup pada Penderita Gagal Ginjal Kronik yang Menjalani Terapi Hemodialisis melalui Psychological Intervention di Unit Hemodialisis RSUD Gambiran Kediri. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. 2015; 3(2): 6-11.

Potter PA, Perry AG, Stockert PA, Hall A. Basic Nursing Seventh Canada: Mosby Elseiver; 2011.

Loureiro ACT, Coelho MCR, Coutinho FB, Borges LH & Lucchetti G. The Influence of Spirituality and Religiousness on Suicide Risk and Mental Health of Patients Undergoing H Comprehensive Psychiatry. 2018; 80: 39-45.

Alradaydeh MF, Khalil AA. The Association of Spiritual Well-being and Depression among Patients Receiving H Perspectives in Psychiatric Care. 2018; 54: 341–7.

Musa AS, Pevalin DJ, Al Khalaileh MAA. Spiritual Well-being, Depression, and Stress among Hemodialysis Patients in Jordan. Journal of Holistic Nursing. 2017; 20(10): 1-12.

Martinez BB, Custódio RPC. Relationship between Mental Health and Spiritual Well-being among Hemodialysis Patients: A Correlation S Sao Paulo Med J. 2014; 132(1): 23-7.

Fradelos EC, Tsaras K, Tzavella F, Koukia A, Papathanasiou IV, Alikari V, Stathoulis J, Tsaloglidou A, Kourakos M, Zyga S. Clinical, Social and Demographics Factors Associated with Spiritual Well-being in End Stage Renal D GeNeDis. 2016: 77-98.

Armiyati Y, Wuryanto E, Sukraeny N. Manajemen Masalah Psikososiospiritual Pasien Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) dengan Hemodialisis di Kota Semarang. RAKERNAS AIPKEMA 2016: Temu Ilmiah Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat. 2016; 399-407.

Hidayat AAA, Uliyah M. Pengantar Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia. Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2014.

DeLaune SC, Ladner PK. Fundamental of Nursing: Standard and Practice Fourth Edition. USA: Delmar Cengage Learning; 2011.

Nuraeni A, Nurhidayah I, Hidayati N, Sari CWM, Mirwanti R. Kebutuhan Spiritual pada Pasien Kanker. ResearchGate. 2015; 3(2): 57-66.

Paloutzian RF & Ellison CW. Spiritual Well-being Scales. 2016 [cited January 2019]. Available from: lifeadvanced.com

Ellison CW. Spiritual Well-being Conceptualization M Journal Psychology and Theology. 1983; 11(4): 330-8.

Putri IP & Rekawati E. Spiritual Well-being Factor that Affecting The Depression in E UI Proceedings on Health and Medicine. 2017; Vol 1.

Dahlan MS. Statistik untuk Kedokteran dan Kesehatan: Deskriptif, Bivariat, Multivariat, dilengkapi Aplikasi Menggunakan SPSS seri 1 Edisi 6. Jakarta: Salemba Medika; 2017.

Eslami AA, Rabiei L, Khayri F, Nooshabadi MRR, Masoudi R. Sleep Quality and Spiritual Well-being in Hemodialysis Patients. Iranian Red Crescent Med Journal. 2014;16(7):1-6.

Ebrahimi E, Ashrafi Z, Eslampanah G & Noruzpur F. Relationship between Spiritual Well-being and Quality of Life in Hemodialysis P Journal of Nursing and Midfery Sciences. 2014; 1(3): 41-48.

Perkumpulan Nefrologi Indonesia. 10th Report of Indonesian Renal Registry. 2017 [Cited 2019]. Available from: https://www.indonesianrenalregistry.org/data/IRR%202017%20.pdf

Aisara S, Azmi S, Yanni M. Gambaran Klinis Penderita Penyakit Ginjal Kronis yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSUP Dr. M. Djamil Padang. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas. 2018; 7(1): 42-50.

Delima, Tjitra E, Tana L. Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik: Studi Kasus Kontrol di Empat Rumah Sakit di Jakarta Tahun 2014. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. 2017: 45(1): 17-26.

Tjekyan RMS. Prevalensi dan Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Tahun 2012. MKS. 2014:46(6):276-82.

Pranandari R & Supadmi W. Faktor Risiko Gagal Ginjal Kronis di Unit Hemodialisis RSUD Wates Kulon Progo. Majalah Farmaseutik. 2015; 11(2): 316-320.

Priyanti D. Perbedaan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Gagal Ginjal yang Bekerja dan Tidak Bekerja yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di Yayasan Ginjal Diatrans Indonesia. INQUIRY J Ilmiah Psikologi. 2016; 7(1), 41-7.

Amalina R, Ibrahim K, Emaliyawati E. Gambaran Status Fungsional pada Pasien Gagal Ginjal Kronis yang Menjalani Hemodialisis di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya. 2018; 5(1), hal 12-18.

Lumbantobing P, Rimbun S, Demanik HJ, Maydayanti T & Pinem R. Karakteristik Penderita Hemodialisis di RSUD Dr. Pirngadi Medan Tahun 2015. Jurnal Kedokteran Methodist. 2018; 10(10): 789-94.

Neild GH. Life Expectancy with Chronic Kidney Disease: An Educational R Pediatr Nephrol. 2017; 32: 243-248.

Craven RF & Hirnle CJ. Fundamentals of Nursing: Human Health and Function. USA: Wolters Kluwer Health; 2009.

Song JY & Oh PA Study on Symptom Experience, Spiritual Well-being, and Depression in Patients Undergoing H Journal of The Korea Academia-Industrial. 2016;17(5):660-70.

Luqman N, Puri A & Tanwar K. Gender Differences in Spirituality. International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Current Research. 2015; 3: 719-722.

Shahgholian N & Dehkordi M. Spiritual Health in Patients Undergoing H Iran Journal of Nursing. 2016;29(103):60-7.

Jugjali R. Predictive Factors of Spiritual Well-being in Nepalese Patients with End Stage Renal Disease Receiving Hemodialysis [Tesis].

Kurniawati A & Asikin A. Gambaran Tingkat Pengetahuan Penyakit Ginjal dan Terapi Diet Ginjal dan Kualitas Hidup Pasien Hemodialisis di Rumkital Dr. Ramelan Surabaya. Amerta Nutrition. 2018; 125-135.

Ginieri-Coccosis M, Theofilou, Synodinou C, Tomaras V & Soldatos C. Quality of Life, Mental Health and Health Belief in Haemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: Investigating Differences in Early and Later Years of Current T BMC Nephrology. 2008; 9(14): 1-9.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkkk.49490

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1673 | views : 1264

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Frilisa J. Hi. Syafi, Ike Wuri Winahyu Sari



Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) 
collaborates with DPW PPNI DIY

Lisensi Creative Commons  

Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Keperawatan Klinis dan Komunitas (Clinical and Community Nursing Journal) (p-ISSN: 2614-445, e-ISSN: 2614-498) indexed by: