UDANG ROSTRIS (Litopenaeus stylirostris) KOMODITAS PROSPEKTIF BAGI USAHA PERTAMBAKAN

https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.9043

Bambang Sumartono(1*), Joko Sumarwan(2), Endah Winarni(3)

(1) Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Air Payau
(2) Balai Besar Pengembangan Budidaya Air Payau
(3) STIPIKA Jepara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Blue shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris) known as “SS” (Super Shrimp) originated as wild larvae from Panama, and is currently in its 22nd generation of domestication. They have undergone a systematic process of selection for enhancement of growth and fecundity, and in particular, for resistance improvement to the IHHN virus.

The SS-blue shrimp are significantly more tolerant to low water temperatures than Penaeus monodon or Litopenaeus vannamei. This characteristic was effluent to the broodstock management of blue shrimp. The critical phase of larval rearing is on the interchange from zoea to mysis, but almost no mortality on the post larvae stadium.  It was observed during larvae rearing using modulation system indicated by the survival rate of nauplius to PL 5 was 29%, but PL 5 to PL 15 reached 97%.  Growth of larvae and post larvae in the modulation and non modulation systems were not significant different, but performance and uniformity of the seed in modulation system shown better.  Its avarage production in grow out pond was 9,000 kg/ha with final survival rate of 74.5-94.8%, and avarage daily growth (ADG) of 0.176 g. The ponds were stocked with SS-shrimp at densities of 33-38/m2.  


Keywords


Blue shrimp (Litopenaeus stylirostris), grow out, larvae rearing, modulation system

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jfs.9043

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Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).

 

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