Meta Mahendradatta(1*), Adiansyah Adiansyah(2)

(1) Program Studi Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Jurusan Teknologi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS
(2) Program Studi Teknologi Hasil Pertanian, Jurusan Teknologi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian UNHAS
(*) Corresponding Author


In this research, clove and cinnamon were prepared by grinding to produce spice powder and by solvent extraction to produce spice extract. They were stored in plastic and glass jar at ambient temperature for two weeks to observe the change of sensory quality. The spices were then combined and applied to short-bodied mackerel (Rastrelliger neglectus) and the total mesophilic microbes were enumerated. The best concentration of spice combinations which gave the lowest total mesophilic microbe was 2% of clove and 4% and cinnamon in form of powder and 4% of each spice in form of extract. The spice powder and extract, as well, were applied to short-bodied mackerel which has been prepared under various treatments. The treated fishes were stored and the histamine content was analyzed after two hours storage at ambient temperature. The result showed that spice powder and extract could decrease histamine content in short-bodied mackerel processed with and without boiling. Statistic analysis showed that there was significantly difference of each treatment on histamine content (p<0.01). Spice powder in combination with boiling process showed the higher percentage of the decrease of histamine content (94%) than that without boiling (42.5%), spice extract with boiling (28.3%) and without boiling (21%).


cinnamon, clove, histamine content, spice powder and extract

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Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada (print ISSN 0853-6384; online ISSN 2502-5066) is published by Department of Fisheries, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with Semnaskan UGM (Seminar Nasional Tahunan Hasil Perikanan dan Kelautan) and ISMFR (International Symposium on Marine and Fisheries Research).


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