Nutrition and Mental Health Empowerment Project for Counseling Teachers and Students of Senior High Schools in Yogyakarta

Risky Oktriani(1), Dianandha Septiana Rubi(2), Yogik Onky Silvana Wijaya(3*), Bira Arumndari Nurrahma(4), Mohamad Fay Faizal(5), Sarair Maulidya(6), Brilliant Alendra Adianfra(7), Irwan Supriyanto(8), Edilburga Wulan Saptandari(9), Arta Farmawati(10), Sunarti Sunarti(11)

(3) Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Mental disorders can affect people of any age, including teenagers of school age, which can disrupt their productivity and quality of life if not managed properly. There is growing evidence that nutrition is vital in mental health, which helps manage mental disorders. Simple interventions for mental disorders among teenagers through health promotion, education, and nutritional interventions are needed to prevent mental disorders or provide early treatment for those in need.

Objective: Our project aimed to train counseling teachers and students of senior high schools in Yogyakarta to have the capability of performing simple management of mental disorders and promoting a healthy nutritional status.

Methods: Our project consisted of three phases; phase I (webinar and workshop), phase II (practice and implementation at schools), and phase III (monitoring and evaluation). We used pre- and post-tests to assess respondents’ knowledge and questionnaires to assess their perceptions of the project.

Results: Twenty counseling teachers and forty students from 20 senior high schools in Yogyakarta participated in this project. Our project slightly improved students' knowledge of the importance of nutrition and mental health but not the teachers’ knowledge. All participants welcomed our project positively. Most participants agreed they learned new and important information and stated that the project helped combat nutritional problems and mental disorders.

Conclusion: Our project was perceived positively and improved participants’ skills and knowledge of nutrition and mental health issues. This suggests that the project has empowered them to perform basic management of nutritional problems and mental disorders among teenagers at their schools. Additionally, more projects are still needed to widen and maximize the coverage of these important topics.


counseling; mental disorder; mental health; nutrition; peer support

Full Text:



World Health Organization. WHO remains firmly committed to the principles set out in the preamble to the Constitution [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 13]. Available from:

World Health Organization. Mental health: strengthening our response [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 13]. Available from:

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Profil Kesehatan Indonesian Tahun 2019. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2020. 487 p.

Laporan nasional Riskesdas 2018. Jakarta: Lembaga Penerbit Balitbangkes, Kementerian Kesehatan, Republik Indonesia, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan; 2019. 628 p.

Sander J, Moessner M, Bauer S. Depression, anxiety and eating disorder-related impairment: moderators in female adolescents and young adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Mar 9;18(5):2779.

Hornberger LL, Lane MA, COMMITTEE ON ADOLESCENCE. Identification and Management of Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics. 2021 Jan 1;147(1):e2020040279.

Grajek M, Krupa-Kotara K, Białek-Dratwa A, Sobczyk K, Grot M, Kowalski O, et al. Nutrition and mental health: A review of current knowledge about the impact of diet on mental health. Front Nutr. 2022 Aug 22;9:943998.

Hepsomali P, Groeger JA. Diet, Sleep, and Mental Health: Insights from the UK Biobank Study. Nutrients. 2021 Jul 27;13(8):2573.

Shivanela SW, Virani D, Salam A, Hidayanti H, Dachlan DM. Gambaran Status Gizi dan Kejadian Common Mental Disorders pada Mahasiswa Gizi di Universitas Hasanuddin. 2021;10(2).

O’Neil A, Quirk SE, Housden S, Brennan SL, Williams LJ, Pasco JA, et al. Relationship between diet and mental health in children and adolescents: a systematic review. Am J Public Health. 2014 Oct;104(10):e31–42.

Chi X, Liang K, Chen ST, Huang Q, Huang L, Yu Q, et al. Mental health problems among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19: The importance of nutrition and physical activity. Int J Clin Health Psychol. 2021 Sep;21(3):100218.

World Health Organization. Mental health action plan 2013-2020 [Internet]. Plan d’action global pour la santé mentale 2013-2020. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013 [cited 2023 Jan 18]. 45 p. Available from:

O’Brien D, Harvey K, Howse J, Reardon T, Creswell C. Barriers to managing child and adolescent mental health problems: a systematic review of primary care practitioners’ perceptions. Br J Gen Pract. 2016 Oct;66(651):e693–707.

Wardhani RDK. Peran kesehatan mental bagi guru dalam proses belajar mengajar di sekolah. 2017. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan FKIP UNTIRTA 2017.

Sibanda T, Sifelani I, Kwembeya M, Matsikure M, Songo S. Attitudes and perceptions of teachers toward mental health literacy: A case of Odzi High School, Mutare District, Zimbabwe. Front Psychol. 2022 Nov 10;13:1003115.

Firth J, Gangwisch JE, Borsini A, Wootton RE, Mayer EA. Food and mood: how do diet and nutrition affect mental wellbeing? BMJ [Internet]. 2020;369. Available from:

Bappeda Yogyakarta. Jumlah Peserta Didik Pendidikan [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 4]. Available from:

Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan tentang Penerimaan Peserta Didik Baru Pada Taman Kanak-Kanak, Sekolah Dasar, Sekolah Menengah Pertama, Sekolah Menengah Atas, Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan, Atau Bentuk Lain Yang Sederajat [Internet]. 14. Available from:

Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset dan Teknologi. Data Pokok Pendidikan. [Internet]. Available from:

Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, Pendidikan Dasar dan Pendidikan Menengah. Data sekolah di Provinsi Yogyakarta [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 4]. Available from:

Bappeda Yogyakarta. Jumlah Sekolah Pendidikan [Internet]. [cited 2023 Jan 4]. Available from:


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 436 | views : 223


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Journal of Community Empowerment for Health

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.