Factors Affecting Farmer’s Exchange Rate of Sugar Cane Farmer Plasma in PTPN XI

https://doi.org/10.22146/ae.36525

Muhammad Zul Mazwan(1*), Masyhuri Masyhuri(2)

(1) Master Student of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aimed to determine the exchange rate and its affecting factors of plasma cane farmers in PTPN XI. This research involved 95 farming land cane farmers and 95 moor land cane farmers. The concept on this research are the concept of subsistence and multiple linear regression analysis method. The result showed, the exchange rate of plasma cane farmers of PTPN XI is 90.87% while that of moor land plasma cane farmers is 90.01%. This means that the average welfare status of cane farmers can be said to be not prosperous. Factors increasing the plasma cane farmers’ exchange rate on farming land are cane farm productivity, land area and rendement of cane, while on dry land are land area and the yield of sugarcane. On the other hand, factors descreasing the plasma cane farmers’ exchange rate on farming land are farmer’s experience, price of seed, price of inorganic fertilizer and price of labor, while on dry land are number of family members and cost of labor. The government needs to raise the Highest Retail Price of sugar. Government programs to support the production facility incentive in sugarcane farming activities are required, intended to decrease the production cost of sugarcane and provide motivation to improve the FER of plasma sugarcane. Agricultural intensification efforts are conducted by adding the inputs that are able to increase the FER.


Keywords


cane farmers, farmer’s exchange rate, welfare

Full Text:

PDF


References

Indonesian's Central Bureau of Statistics. (2017). Concepts, Meanings of Numbers and Uses of Farmer Exchange Rates..

Bantilan, N. K., Wahyuningsih, M. A., & Rauf, R. A. (2018). Improved Exchange Rate Farmers through Rice Falied Crop Intensification in Tolitoli, Indonesia. Suistainable Agriculture Research, 7(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.5539/sar.v7n1p1

Fajri, M. R., Marwanti, S., & Rahyu, W. (2016). Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Nilai Tukar Petani Sebagai Indikator Kesejahteraan Petani Padi di Kabupaten Sragen. Agrista, 4(2), 85–94.

Gujarati, D., N. (1991). Dasar-dasar Ekonometrika. (H. Munandar, Ed.). Jakarta: PT. Gelora Aksara Pratama.

Nirmala, A., Hanani, N., & Muhaimin, A. (2016). Analisis Faktor Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Nilai Tukar Petani Tanaman Pangan di Kabupaten Jombang. Habitat, 27(2), 66–71. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.habitat.2016.027.2.8

Nurasa, T., & Rachmat, M. (2013). Nilai Tukar Petani Padi di Beberapa Sentra Produksi Padi di Indonesia (Rice Farmers Term of Trade Analysis in Some Paddy Producing Areas in Indonesia). Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 31(2), 161–179.

Riyadh, M. I. (2015). Analisis Nilai Tukar Petani Komoditas Tanaman Pangan di Sumatera Utara (Analysis of Farmers Term of Trade of Crops Commodities in North Sumatra ). Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik, 6(1), 17–32.

Rohmah, W., Suryantini, A., & Hartono, S. (2014). Analisis Pendapatan dan Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Petani Tebu Tanam dan Keprsan di Kabupaten Bantul (Analisys of Income and Walfare of Planting Cane and Ratoon Cane Farm Household in Bantul District). Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 24(1), 54–65.

Syekh, S. (2013). Peran Nilai Tukar Petani dan Nilai Tukar Komoditi dalam Upaya Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Petani Padi di Provinsi Jambi. Jurnal Bina Praja, 5(4), 253–260. https://doi.org/10.21787/JBP.05.2013.253-260

Yulian, R., Hilmanto, R., & Herwanti, S. (2016). Nilai Tukar Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Petani Agroforestri di Hutan Kemasyarakatan Bina Wana Jaya I Kesatuan Pengelolaan Hutan Lindung Batutegi Kabupaten Tanggamus. Jurnal Sylva Lestari, 4(2), 39–50.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ae.36525

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 132 | views : 124

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Agro Ekonomi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

AGRO EKONOMI ISSN 0215-8787 (print) , ISSN 2541-1616 (online) indexed by :

  sinta worldcat  

Web
Analytics View My Stats