PERMINTAAN JAGUNG SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU INDUSTRI PAKAN TERNAK DI INDONESIA

https://doi.org/10.22146/jae.18167

Diah Ariyanti(1*), Any Suryantini(2), Masyhuri Masyhuri(3)

(1) Alumni Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objectives of this research are to know the factors influencing
domestic maize demand, import maize demand, and total maize demand as
raw material for feed industry in Indonesia, also their trend at five years
later. The research use time series data. during 1976-2004. Simultaneous
equations used to analyze domestic and import maize demand as raw
material for feed industry in Indonesia, while ordinary least square (OLS)
used to analyze total maize demand as raw material for feed industry in
Indonesia. The results show that domestic maize demand influenced negatively by maize domestic price and influenced positively by soybean cake import price, and trend of time. Cowpopulation, maize import price, and soybean cake import price influence import maize demand negatively, while fowl population and trend of time influence import maize demand positively. Total maize demand for feed industry in Indonesia positively influenced by soybean cake import price and cow population, and negatively influenced by maize domestic price. Soybean cake is
complementary good for domestic maize and total maize, but become
substitution good for import maize. The trend of maize demand, including
domestic and import maize demand, as raw material for feed industry in
Indonesia increasing in the future.



Keywords


demand,feed industry, maize

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jae.18167

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