Validasi Modul Pelatihan Disiplin Positif untuk Meningkatkan Praktik Pengasuhan pada Ibu Anak Prasekolah

Wijayanti Retnaningsih, Diana Setiyawati

Abstract


This study aimed to validate Positive Discipline Training Module to improve parenting practice. Module validation is conducted through two stages. The first is of content validation  which consisted of: 1) validation of contents on materials, methods, media, activities, worksheets, and time used in module, 2) validation of contents about legibility of module for family planning counselors) and two functional validation stages: 1) training of trainer (ToT) for family planning counselors and 2) training of Positive Discipline in mothers of preschool children. The result of the first stage content validity coefficient ranged between 0.750-0.958. The result of the second stage content validity ranged between 0.70-0.95. The result of ToT indicated that it could improve positive discipline knowledge on family planning counselors (Z = -2.032, p = 0.042). Mann Whitney U test showed that Positive Discipline Training could improve the practice of parenting in the experimental group (U = 0.000, p < 0.01). Thus, the module had sufficient content and functional validity. This research concluded that Positive Discipline Training Module is valid for improving parenting practice for mothers of the preschool children with family planning counselor trainers.

Keywords


family planning counselors; module validation; parenting practice; positive discipline training; preschool children

References


Alegre, A. (2012). The relation between the time mothers and children spent together and the children’s trait emotional intelligence. Child and Youth Care Forum, 41(5), 493–508. doi: 10.1007/s10566-012-9180-z

Azwar, S. (2016). Aplikasi mudah statistika non-parametrik. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Azwar, S. (2017). Metode penelitian psikologi. Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar

Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional (BKKBN). (2014). Pedoman pelaksanaan penggerakkan lini lapangan program kependudukan, Keluarga Berencana dan pembangunan keluarga tahun 2014. Jakarta: Badan Kependudukan dan Keluarga Berencana Nasional. Diunduh melalui http://jdih.bkkbn.go.id/public_assets/file/ca0f9b8002b3d921 afe8b7577bda3c0d.pdf (pada 28 Maret 2018)

Bögels, S. M., Lehtonen, A., & Restifo, K. (2010). Mindful parenting in mental health care. Mindfulness, 1(2), 107–120. doi: 10.1007/s12671-010-0014-5

Bögels, S., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting: A guide for mental health practitioners . New York: Springer.

Bornstein, M. H. (2007). Parenting science and practice. In K. A. Renninger & I. E. Sigel (Eds.). Handbook of child psychology: Child psychology in practice (Vol. 4, pp. 893-949). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Bornstein, M. H. (2016). Determinants of parenting. In D. Chicchetti (Ed.). Developmental psychopathology volume 4: Risk, resilience, and intervention (Edisi ketiga, pp. 180-239). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Ciciolla, L., Crnic, K. A., & West, S. G. (2013). Determinants of change in maternal sensitivity: Contributions of context, temperament, and developmental risk. Parenting: Science and Practice, 13(3), 178–195. doi: 10.1080/15295192.2013.756354

Crnic, K. A., Gaze, C., & Hoffman, C. (2005). Cumulative parenting stress across the preschool period: Relations to maternal parenting and child behaviour at age 5. Infant and Child Development, 14(2), 117–132. doi: 10.1002/icd.384

Darling, N. & Steinberg, L. (1993). Parenting style as context: An integrative model. Psychological Bulletin, 113(3), 487-496. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.113.3.487

Durrant, J. E. (2013). Positive discipline in everyday parenting (Edisi ketiga). Sweden: Save The Children.

Efnita, S. (2014). Program pengasuhan positif untuk meningkatkan kualitas pengasuhan ibu (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Ensor, R., & Hughes, C. (2010). With a little help from my friends: Maternal social support, via parenting, promotes willingness to share in preschoolers born to young mothers. Infant and Child Development, 19(2), 127–141. doi: 10.1002/icd.643

Gauld, D. (2015). The competencies of effective trainers and teachers. In K. Kraiger, J. Passmore, N. R. Dos Santos, & M. Sigmar (Ed.). Handbook of the psychology of training, development, and performance improvement (Edisi pertama, pp. 117-135). New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Gfroerer, K. P., Nelsen, J., & Kern, R. M. (2013). Positive discipline: Helping children develop belonging and coping resources using individual psychology. Journal of Individual Psychology, 69(4), 294-304.

Hasan, A., Hyson, M., & Chang, E. (2013). Early childhood education and development in poor villages of Indonesia: Strong foundations, later success. Washington, DC: World Bank

Hickson, G. B., & Clayton, E. W. (2002). Parents and their children’s doctors. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting volume 5: Practical parenting (pp. 439–462). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Holliday, M. J. (2014). Authoritative parenting and outcomes of positive discipline parent training: Parenting style and perceived efficacy (Disertasi). Diakses melalui ProQuest Dissertations and Theses database. (UMI No. 3662133)

Huey, E. L., Sayler, M. F., & Rinn, A. N. (2013). Effects of family functioning and parenting style on early entrants’ academic performance and program completion. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 36(4), 418–432. doi: 10.1177/0162353213506066

Johnson, M. A., Stone, S., Lou, C., Ling, J., Claassen, J., & Austin, M. J. (2006). Assessing parent education programs for families involved with child welfare service. Journal of Evidence-Based Sosial Work, 5(1), 191-238. doi: 10.1300/J394v05n01_08

Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia Republik Indonesia. (2013). Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 60 Tahun 2013 Tentang Pengembangan Anak Usia Dini Holistik-Integratif. Jakarta: Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Repubilk Indonesia. Diunduh dari https://www.banpaudpnf.or.id/upload/downloadcenter/Perpres%20No.60%.20Tahun%202013%20tentang%20PAUD%20Holistik%20Int_150875293.pdf (pada 27 Maret 2018)

Kolb, A. Y., & Kolb, D. A. (2008). Experiential learning theory: A dynamic, holistic approach to management learning, education and development. In Armstrong, S. J. & Fukami, C. (Eds.). Handbook of management learning, education and development. London: Sage Publications

McKee, L., Colletti, C., Rakow, A., Jones, D. J., & Forehand, R. (2008). Parenting and child externalizing behaviors: Are the associations specific or diffuse?. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(3), 201–215. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.03.005

Mercy, J. A., & Saul, J. (2009). Creating a healthier future through early interventions for children. Journal of the American Medical Association, 301(21), 2262-2264. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.803

Nelsen, J. (2008). Positive discipline: The classic guide to helping children develop self-discipline, responsibility, cooperation and problem-solving kills.  United States: Ballantine Books.

Olson, D. H., DeFrain, J.,& Skogrand, L. (2014). Marriages and families: Intimacy, diversity, and strengths (Edisi kedelapan). United States of America: McGraw-Hill Education.

Permata, A. I. (2017). Pelatihan Pengasuhan “Aktif” untuk meningkatkan kualitas pengasuhan pada ibu yang memiliki anak usia dini (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Rinaldi, C. M., & Howe, N. (2012). Mothers’ and fathers’ parenting styles and associations with toddlers’ externalizing, internalizing, and adaptive behaviors. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27(2), 266–273. doi: 10.1016/j.ecresq.2011.08.001

Ródenas, F., Garcés, J., Durá, E., & Doñate-Martínez, A. (2014). Education and training for parents today, discipline and wellbeing for children tomorrow. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 2248 – 2251. doi:

10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.01.553

Sanders, M. R. (2008). Triple P-Positive parenting program as a public health approach to strengthening parenting. Journal of Family Psychology, 22(4), 506-517. doi: 10.1037/0893-3200.22.3.506

Sanders, M. R. (2012). The knowledge of effective parenting scale ( KEPS ): A Tool for public health approaches to universal parenting programs. The Journal of Primary Prevention-Springer, 33(2-3), 85-97. doi: 10.1007/s10935-012-0268-x

Santrock, J. W. (2013). Life span development (Edisi keempat belas). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sasongko, J. P. (2015, September 16). KPAI: Kekerasan anak dipicu buruknya pengasuhan orang tua. CNN Indonesia. Diakses melalui https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20150916103500-20-79056/kpai-kekerasan-anak-dipicu-buruknya-pengasuhan-orang-tua/ (pada 11 September 2007)

Saunders, R., McFarland-Piazza, L., Jacobvitz, D., Hazen-Swann, N., & Burton, R. (2012). Maternal knowledge and behaviors regarding discipline: The effectiveness of a hands-on education program in Positive Guidance. Journal o f Child and Family Studies, 22(3), 322-334. doi: 10.1007/s 10826-012-9581-5

Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Siegel, I. E., & McGillicuddy-De Lisi, A. V. (2002). Parental beliefs and cognitions: The dynamic belief systems model. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Handbook of parenting: Status and social conditions of parenting (Edisi kedua, Vol. 3, pp. 485–508). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Situmorang, T. S. K. (2015). Perbedaan gangguan perilaku anak prasekolah berdasarkan pola pengasuhan (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Subekti, A. R. (2010). Program pengasuhan positif untuk mengurangi aspek pola pengasuhan disfungsional (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Susilana, R., & Riyana, C. (2009). Media pembelajaran hakikat, pengembangan, pemanfaatan dan penilaian. Bandung : Wacana Prima

Teubert, D., & Pinquart, M. (2010). The association between coparenting and child adjustment: A meta-analysis. Parenting: Science and Practice, 10(4), 286–307. doi: 10.1080/15295192.2010.492040

Tomlinson, H. B., & Andina, S. (2015). Parenting education in Indonesia. Jakarta: World Bank.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.50373

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.