Pengaruh Murattal Alquran Terhadap Tingkat Stres Mahasiswa Muslim di Yogyakarta

Anisa Zahra Wijayanti Nugroho, Sri Kusrohmaniah

Abstract


This study aimed to see the effect of the murattal Alquran on the level of individual stress. Hypothesis proposed in this research that there was influence of murattal Alquran in change of stress level experienced by experiment group and there was difference of stress levels between experiment and control group. The experimental design used was randomized pretest and posttest control group design. The subjects consisted of 45 participants age 18-22 years old, then divided into experiment group (n = 23) and control group (n = 22). The stress level was measured by stress subscale krom Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS). Data were analyzed using ANOVA mixed method and the result showed the value of F = 10.386 (p < 0.05). That means, there was a significant change after listening to the Quranic murattal. The change in pretest and posttest score in the experimental group was shown with F = -5.957 (p < 0.05) and the control group had F = -1.136 (p > 0.05), meaning that there was a significant difference in the reduction of stress score of both groups . Moreover, the muratal Quran had an influence on changes in stress levels on the subject with an effective contribution of 19.4% (ETA2 = 0.194). Thus, the research hypothesis was accepted.

Keywords


Alquran; coping; murattal; stres

References


al-Domi, M. M. (2015). The cry in the holy Quran and the effect on the human behaviour. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(20), 52-61.

Alatas, M. (2017). Pengaruh terapi murottal surah Ar-Rahman terhadap skor pengkajian luka (mungs) dan pengkajian stres (DASS) pada pasien diabetes mellitus di Klinik Kitamura Pontianak. Proners, 3(1), 1-17.

Al-Galal, S. A. Y., & Alshaikhli, I. F. T. (2017). Analyzing brainwaves while listening to Quranic recitation compared with listening to music based on EEG signals. International Journal on Perceptive and Cognitive Computing, 3(1), 1–5. doi: 10.31436/ijpcc.v3i1.43

Aron, A., Coups, E. J., & Aron, E. (2013). Statistics for psychology. Boston: Pearson.

Atarodi, A. R., Mottaghi, M. R., & Atarodi, F. (2012). Comparative study on the effect of prayer and praise on peace of mind and physical health from male and female students’ points of view in Gonabad’s guidance schools in 1390. Islamic Lifestyle Centered on Health, 1(2), 28–33.

Awa, S. (2014). Effects of holy Quran listening on physiological stress response among muslim patients in intensive care unit. E-proceedings of the Conference on Management and Muamalah. 164-172.

Brannon, L., Feist, J., & Updegraff, J. A. (2013). Health psychology: An introduction to behavior and health (Edisi kedelapan). USA: Cengage Learning.

Damanik, E. D. (2011). The measurement of reliability, validity, items analysis and normative data of depression anxiety stress scale (DASS). Diunduh dari http://www2.psy.unsw.edu.au/dass/Indonesian/Damanik%20Indonesian%20translation%20-%20Reliability.doc

Field, A. P. (2007). Analysis of variance (ANOVA). In N. J. Salkind & K. Rasmussen (Eds.), Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics. Thousand Oaks, Calif: SAGE Publications.

Grayson, P. A., & Meilman, P. W. (Eds.). (2006). College mental health practice. United States: Routledge.

Hamidi, F., Bagherzadeh, Z., & Gafarzadeh, S. (2010). The role of Islamic education in mental health. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 5, 1991–1996.

Irawati, P., & Lestari, M. S. (2017). Pengaruh membaca Alquran terhadap penurunan tekanan darah pada klien dengan hipertensi di RSK Dr. Sitanala Tangerang. Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Indonesia (JIKI), 1(1), 35–45.

Julianto, V., Dzulqaidah, R. P., & Salsabila, S. N. (2016). Pengaruh mendengarkan murattal Al Quran terhadap peningkatan kemampuan konsentrasi. Psympathic: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 1(2), 120–129. doi: 10.15575/psy.v1i2.473

Julianto, V., & Subandi. (2015). Membaca Al Fatihah reflektif intuitif untuk menurunkan depresi dan meningkatkan imunitas. Jurnal Psikologi, 42(1), 34–46. doi: 10.22146/jpsi.6941

Kazemi, M., Ansari, A., Tavakoli, M. A., & Karimi, S. (2003). The effect of the recitation of Holy Quran on mental health in nursings students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Science and Health Services, 3(1), 52–57.

Khan, N., Ahmad, N. bt, Beg, A. H., Fakheraldin, M. A. I., Alla, A. N. A., & Nubli, M. (2010). Mental and spiritual relaxation by recitation of the Holy Quran. 2010 Second International Conference on Computer Research and Development, 863–867. doi: 10.1109/ICCRD.2010.62

Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995a). Manual for depression anxiety stress scales (Edisi kedua). Sydney: Psychology Foundation.

Lovibond, S. H., & Lovibond, P. F. (1995b). The structure of negative emotional states: comparison of the depression anxiety stress scales (DASS) with the beck depression and anxiety inventories. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 3(3), 335–343. doi: 10.1016/0005-7967(94)00075-u

Mahjoob, M., Nejati, J., Hosseini, A., & Bakhshani, N. M. (2016). The effect of Holy Quran voice on mental health. Journal of Religion and Health, 55(1), 38–42. doi: 10.1007/s10943-014-9821-7

Mecklin, C. J. (2007). Shapiro-Wilk test for normality. In N. J. Salkind & K. Rasmussen (Eds.), Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics (pp. 883–885). Thousand Oaks, Calif: SAGE Publications.

Muhtadi, B., & Prasetyo, H. (18 Desember 2017). Agama, Kesalehan Ritual, dan Korupsi. Diunduh pada 23 Juni 2018, dari situs Media Indonesia: http://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/136880-agama-kesalehan-ritual-dan-korupsi

Najati, D. M. ’Utsman. (1985). Al Qur’an dan Ilmu jiwa (A. R. ’Usmani, Trans.). Bandung: Penerbit PUSTAKA.

Nelson, K. (2001). The art of reciting the Qur’an. Cairo ; New York: American University in Cairo Press.

Pashib, M., Khaqani, F., Bahrainian, A., & Abedi, A. (2014). Investigation of the effectiveness of Quran recitation. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Science, 4(12), 137–140.

Ramsey, P. H. (2007). Factorial design. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of measurement and statistics (Vol. 2). USA: SAGE Publications.

Ruhmadi, E., Suwartika, I., & Nurdin, A. (2014). Analisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan tingkat stress akademik mahasiswa reguler Program Studi D III Keperawatan Cirebon Poltekkes Kemenkes Tasikmalaya. Jurnal Keperawatan Soedirman, 9(3), 173–189. doi: 10.20884/1.jks.2014.9.3.612

Sadeghi, H. (2011). Voice of Quran and health: A review of performed studies in Iran. Quarterly of Quran & Medicine, 1(1), 33–337.

Santrock, J. W. (2014). A topical approach to life-span development (Edisi ketujuh). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2001). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized causal inference. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Shaughnessy, J. J., Zechmeister, E. B., & Zechmeister, J. S. (2012). Research methods in psychology (Edisi kesembilan). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Shekha, M. S., Hassan, A. O., Othman, S. A., Hassan, A. O., & Othman, S. A. (2013). Effects of Quran listening and music on electroencephalogram brain waves. The Egyptian Journal of Experimental Biology (Zoology), 9(1), 119–121.

Suryani, S., & Salmiyati, S. (2016). Pengaruh Terapi Audio Murottal Surah Ar Rahman terhadap Tingkat Insomnia Lansia. Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas ‘Aisyiyah Yogyakarta.

Taylor, S. E. (2015). Health psychology (Edisi kesembilan). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.

Tortora, G. J., & Derrickson, B. (2010). Principles of anatomy and physiology (Edisi kedua belas). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Zahra, A. A., & Saidiyah, S. (2013). Efektivitas pelatihan pemaknaan surat Al-Insyirah untuk mengurangi stres mahasiswa yang sedang mengerjakan skripsi. JIP: Jurnal Intervensi Psikologi, 5(1), 25–42. doi: 10.20885/intervensipsikologi.vol5.iss1.art2

Zulkurnaini, N. A., Kadir, R. S. S. A., Murat, Z. H., & Isa, R. M. (2012, February). The Comparison between Listening to Al-Quran and Listening to Classical Music on the Brainwave Signal for the Alpha Band. 2012 Third International Conference on Intelligent Systems Modelling and Simulation, 181–186. doi: 10.1109/ISMS.2012.60


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.50354

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.