Pengaruh Impulsivitas dan Media Komunikasi terhadap Perbedaan Partisipasi Diskusi Online

Irma Suhartini, Fathul Himam
(Submitted 28 May 2019)
(Published 29 May 2019)


This study aims to determine the effect of impulsivity and computer-mediated communication on differences in online participation. This research is an experimental research with Posttest only design. Participants involved in this study were students with an age range of 17-22 years, totaling 30 participants. Participants will be divided into two groups namely using the computer-mediated communication real name (CMR) and computer-mediated communication anonymously (CMA), each group consists of 15 participants. This study used Barrat Impulsive Scale (BIS) 11 to determine participants' impulsivity. Data analysis in this study used Two-way analysis of variance. Based on the result of the interaction model analysis between impulsivity and computer-mediated communication to online participation, it is known that the value of F = 1,587 with significance equal to 0,219 (p> 0,05). This research found that there is no significant difference in online participation based on computer-mediated communication of CMR and CMA, both at low, medium and high levels of impulsivity.



computer-mediated communication; impulsivity; online participation


Adrianson, L., Ancok, D., Ramdhani, N., & Acher, T. (2013). Cultural influences upon health, affect, self-esteem and impulsiveness: An Indonesian-Swedish comparison. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, 2(3), 25–44. doi: 10.5861/ijrsp.2013.228.

Adrianson, L., & Hjelmquist, E. (1999). Group processes in solving two problems: Face-to-face and computer-mediated communication. Behaviour & Information Technology, 18(3), 179–198. doi: 10.1080/014492 999119075

Ainsworth, S., Gelmini-hornsby, G., Threapleton, K., Crook, C., Malley, C. O., & Buda, M. (2011). Anonymity in classroom voting and debating. Learning and Instruction, 21, 365–378. doi: 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2010. 05.001

Bagana, E., & Raciu, A. (2012). Anxiety, impulsiveness and time perception among secondary and high school students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 33, 890–894.  doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.01.250

Bender, T. (2003). Discussion-based online teaching to enhance student learning: theory, practice, and assessment. Virginia: Stylus Publishing.

Blau, I., & Caspi, A. (2010). Studying invisibly: media naturalness and learning. Proceedings of The Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies Research 2008: Learning in the Technological Era. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4419-6139-6

Christopherson, K. M. (2007). The positive and negative implications of anonymity in Internet social interactions: “On the Internet, Nobody Knows You’re a Dog.” Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 3038–3056. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2006. 09.001

Clinton, V., & Kelly, A. E. (2017). Student attitudes toward group discussions. Active Learning in Higher Education, 1–11. doi: 10.1177/1469787417740277

Daud, M. Y., Khalid, F., Ahmad, M., Rahman, M. J. A., & Karim, A. A. (2016). “To participate or not?”: Identifying the factors affecting university students’ participation in an e-forum. Creative Education, 7, 2791–2802. doi: 10.4236/ce.2016. 718259

Dickman, S. J. (1990). Functional and dysfunctional impulsivity: Personality and cognitive correlates. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58(1), 95–102. 10.1037/0022-3514.58.1.95

Ellouze, F., Ghaffari, O., Zouari, O., Zouari, B., & M’rad, M. F. (2013). Measurement: BIS 11 – Dialectical Arabic version. Retrieved from

Hillyard, C., Gillespie, D., & Littig, P. (2010). University students’ attitudes about learning in small groups after frequent participation. Active Learning in Higher Education, 11(1), 9–20. doi: 10.1177/1469787409355867

Hrastinski, S. (2008). What is online learner participation? A literature review. Computers & Education, 51, 1755–1765. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.05.005

Kerr, N. L., & Park, E. S. (2001). Group performance in collaborative and social dilemma tasks: progress and prospects. Dalam Hogg, M. A & Tindale, S (Eds.)Blackwell Handbook of Social Psychology: Group Processes. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers

Mcleod, P. L. (2011). Effects of anonymity and social comparison of rewards on group brainstorming. Small Group Research, 42(4), 475–503. doi: 10.1177/1046496410397381

Patton, J. H., Stanford, M. S., & Barratt, E. S. (1995). Factor structure of the barratt impulsiveness scale. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51(6), 768–774.

Santrock, J. W. (2014). Psikologi pendidikan (edisi kelima, buku 1). Penerjemah: Bimasena, H. Jakarta: Salemba Humanika.

Shadish, W. R., Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (2002). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for generalized casual inference. Boston: Houghton Miffin.

Someya, T., Sakado, K., Seki, T., Kojima, M., Reist, C., Tang, S. W., & Takahashi, S. (2001). Measurement: BIS 11 – Japanese version. Retrieved from

Strack, F., & Deutsch, R. (2012). A theory of impulse and reflection. Dalam Handbook of theories of social psychology, volume 1. Editor: Van lange, Kruglanski, & Higgins. London: Sage.

Tzagarakis, C., Pellizzer, G., & Rogers, R. D. (2013). Impulsivity modulates performance under response uncertainty in a reaching task. Exp Brain Res, 225, 227–235. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3363-6

Valiente, C., Eisenberg, N., Spinrad, T. L., Haugen, R., Thompson, M. S., & Kupfer, A. (2013). Effortful control and impulsivity as concurrent and longitudinal predictors of academic achievement. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(7), 946–972. doi: 10.1177/0272431613477239.

Whitty, M. T, & Young, G. (2017). Cyberpsychology: the study of individuals, society and digital technologies. UK: Wiley.

Yao, S., Yang, H., Zhu, X., Auerbach, R. P., Abela, J. R., Pulleyblank, R. W., & Tong, X. (2007). Measurement: BIS 11 – Chinese version. Retrieved from

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.46324


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.