Intervensi Berbasis Mindfulness untuk Menurunkan Stres pada Orang Tua

Rahmantika Kurnia Romadhani, M. Noor Rochman Hadjam

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to reduce parents’ stress by increasing their mindfulness ability using Mindfulness intervention. Participants in this study consisted of 15 mothers with stress from mild to severe. The design used in this study is quasi-experimental design with an untreated control group with pretest and posttest. The program consists of 8 session intervention. The instruments used in this research are DASS Scale and KIMS scale. The quantitative analysis was conducted through a statistical test using Mann-Whitney and also qualitative analysis. The result of this study showed that intervention with mindfulness was effective to reduce stress in parents (U=0,000; p<0,001).

Keywords


mindfulness; mindful parenting; stress

References


Allison, B. N., & Schultz, J. B. (2004). Parent adolescent conflict in early adolescence. Adolescent, 39, 101-119.

American Psychological Association. (2014). Stres in America: Paying wiht our health. Washington: http://www.apa.org/new s/press/releases/stress/2014.

American Psychological Association. (2017). Stress in America technology and social media. Washington: Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/index.aspx.

Baer, R. A., Smith, G. T., & Allen, K. B. (2004). Assesment of mindfulness by self-report: The Kentucky inventory of mindfulness skills. Assesment, 11(3), 191-206. doi: 10.1177/1073191104268 029.

Bardacke, N. (2012). Mindful birthing: Training the mind, body and heart for childbirth and beyond. New York: Harper Collins.

Bogels, S. M., Hellemans, J., Deursen, S., Romer, M., & Van der Meulen, R. (2014). Mindful parenting in mental health care: Effect on parental and child psychopatology, parental stress, parenting, coparenting and marital functioning. Springer Journal of Mindfullness, 5(5), 536-551. doi: 10.1007/ s12671-013-0209-7.

Bogels, S., & Restifo, K. (2014). Mindful parenting a guide for mental health practicioners. London: Springer.

Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well being. Journal of personality and social psychology, 84(4), 822. doi: 10.1037/ 0022-3514.84.4.822.

Brown, L. K., Weinstein, N., & Creswell, J. D. (2012). Trait mindfulness modulates neuroendocrine and affective responses to social evaluative threat. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 37, 2037-2041. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen. 2012. 04.003.

Cahn, B. R., & Polich, J. (2006). Meditation States and traits: EEG, ERP, and neuroimaging studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 180-211. doi: 10.1037/ 0033-2909.132.2.180.

Cardaciotto, L., Herbert, J. D., Forman, E. M., Moitra, E., & Farrow, V. (2008). The assessment of present moment awareness and acceptance: The Philadelphia mindfulness scale. Assesment, 18(3), 204-223.

Carlson, L. E., Ursuliak, Z., Goodey, E., Angen, M., & Speca, M. (2001). The effect of mindfulness meditation based stress reduction program mood and symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients: 6 months follow up. Support Care Cancer, 112-123.

Chielsa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness-based approaches: Are they all the same? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67, 404-424. doi: 10.1002/ jclp.20776.

Chien, W. T., & Thompson, D. R. (2014). Effect of a mindfulness based psychoeducation program for chinesse patient with schizophrenia: 2 years follow up. The British Journal of Psychiatry, (1) 52-59. doi: 10.1192/ bjp.bp.113.134635.

Coatsworth, D., Duncan, L. G., Greenberg, M. T., & Nix, R. I. (2010). Changing parent's mindfulness, child management skills and relationship quality with their youth: Results from a randomized pilot intervention trial. Journal Child Family Study, 203-217. doi: 10.1007/s10826-009-9304-8.

Corhorn, C., & Millicic, N. (2016). Mindfulness and parenting: a correlational study of nonmediating mothers of preschool children. Journal of Child Family Study, 1672-1683. doi: 10.1007/s10826-015-0319-z.

Cozzolino, W. (2006). The Nuts and Bolts of Meditation. California: Raissa Publisher. retrieved: https://skyhero. com/Meditation.pdf

Duncan, L. G., Coastworth, J. D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2009). A model of mindful parenting: Implication for parent child relationship and prevention research. Chlinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 255-270. doi: 10.1007/s10567-009-0046-3.

Duncan, L. G., Coatsworth, J. D., & Greenberg, M. T. (2009). Pilot study to gauge acceptability of a mindfulness based, family focused preventive intervention. Journal of Primary Prevent, 30, 605-618. doi: 10.1007/ s10935-009-0185-9. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies Series. (2007). Mental health policy and practice across Europe: The future direction on mental health care. Berkshire: McGraw Hill. retrieved in: http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0007/96451/E89814.pdf.

Hardianto, S. (2014). Pelatihan laku menata rasa berbasis sedulur papat limo pancer untuk menurunkan tingkat stres. Tesis (Tidak diterbitkan). Universitas Gadjah Mada

Kabat Zinn, J. (1990). Full catastrope living: How to cope with stress, pain, and illness using mindfulness meditation. New York: Bantam-Dell.

Kaspereen, D. (2012). Relaxation intervention for stress reduction among teachers and staff. International Journal of Stress Management, 19(3), 238-250. doi: 10.1016/ j.explore.2014.10.002.

Kemper, K. J., Powell, D., Helms, C. C., & Kim-Shapiro, D. B. (2015). Loving kindness meditation's effect on nitric oxide and inexperienced meditators. Explore, 11, 32-39. doi: 10.1016/ j.explore.2014.10.002.

Keng, S. L., Smoski, M. J., & Robins, C. J. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: A review of emoirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041-1056. doi: 10.1016/ j.c.pr.2011.04.006

Krantz, D. S., Whittaker, K. S., & Sheps, D. S. (2011). Psychosocial risk factors for coronary artery disease: Pathophysiologic mechanisms. Dalam In heart and mind: Evolution of cardiac psychology. Washington DC: APA.

Lazarus, R. S. (1999). Stress and emotion: A new synthesis. New York: Springer. Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal, and coping. New York: Springer.

Lovibond, P., & Lovibond, S. (1995). Manual for the depression anxiety stress scales (second edition). Sydney: Psychology Foundation.

Maillet, M. A. (2014). The effectiveness of mindful eating in a students population. Western Undergraduate Psychology Journal, 2(1). retrieved from: http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/wupj/ vol2/ iss1/5.

Markam, S. S., & Markam, S. (2003). Pengantar neuro-psikologi. Jakarta: Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia.

Mroczek, D. K., & Almeida, D. M. (2004). The effect of daily stress, personality, and age on daily negative affect. Journal Pers, 72(2), 35-78. retrieved from: http://midus.wisc.edu/findings /pdfs/221.pdf.

Neff, K. D., & Dahm, K. A. (2013). Self-compassion: What it is, what it does, and how it relates to mindfulness. Dalam M. Robinson, Meier, & B. Ostafin, Mindfulness and self regulation. New York: Springer.

Passer, M. W., & Smith, R. E. (2007). Psychology the science of mind and behavior. New York: Mc Graw Hill.

Sarafino, E. P., & Smith, T. W. (2014). Health psychology: Biopsychosocial interaction. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Smart, R., Chisum, A., Robertson-Pfeffer, K,, Tsong, Y. (2015). Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 13(1), 59-65.

Steinberg, L. (2004). The ten basic principles of good parenting. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Subekti, T., & Utami, M. (2011). Metode relaksasi untuk menurunkan stres dan keluhan tukak lambung pada penderita tukak lambung kronis. Jurnal Psikologi, 38(2), 147-163.

Wood, A. M., Frog, & Geragthy. (2010). Gratitude and well-being: A review and theoretical integration. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 890-905. doi: 10.1016/ J.CPR. 2010.03.005.

World Health Organization. (2013). Mental health action plan 2013-2020. Geneva: WHO Document Production Services. retrieved from: apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/.../9789241506021_eng.pdf.

World Health Organization. (2016, April). Mental health: Strengthening our response. Dipetik Januari 23, 2017, dari World Health Organization: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs220/en/.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajpp.42777

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology (GamaJPP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.