Peran Wisdom terhadap Life Satisfaction pada Lansia

Aisah Indati, Maria Goretti Adiyanti, Neila Ramdhani
(Submitted 1 July 2019)
(Published 13 August 2019)


Life-satisfaction is an important thing for the elderly. Elderly with all its problems such as a decrease in physical, psychological, and social conditions can feel a decrease in life satisfaction. The decrease in life satisfaction may be avoided if the elderly have a high level of wisdom. This study aimed to see the contribution of wisdom to the life-satisfaction of elderly people. The research subjects were 65 elderly people aged 60 years and over in Yogyakarta. Data retrieval was done using the adaptation of 3D-WS Ardelt (2003) scale to measure wisdom and the translation of Life Satisfaction Index Z Neugarten scale (1961) to measure life satisfaction levels. Research data were analyzed using regression analysis. The analysis found that the affective dimension of wisdom was a significant predictor of life satisfaction in the elderly (b = 0.540; p = 0.003).


elderly; life satisfaction; wisdom

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/gamajop.47176


Amati, V., Meggiolaro, S., Rivellini, G., & Zaccarin, S. (2018). Social relations and kepuasan hidup: The role of friends. Genus, 74(1). doi: 10.1186%2Fs41118-018-0032-z

Ardelt, M. (1997). Wisdom and kepuasan hidup in old age. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 52(1), 15-27. doi: 10.1093/geronb/52B.1.P15

Ardelt, M. (2003). Empirical assessment of a three-dimensional wisdom scale. Research on Aging, 25(3), 275-324. doi: 10.1177%2F0164027503025003004

Ardelt, M. (2005). How wise people cope with crises and obstacles in life. ReVision, 28(1), 7-19.

Ardelt, M., & Jacobs, S. (2009). Wisdom, integrity, and kepuasan hidup in very old age. In M. C. Smith & N. DeFrates-Densch (Eds.), Handbook of research on adult learning and development (pp. 732-760). New York, NY, US: Routledge/Taylor & Francis Group.

Asadi, S., Amiri, S., Molavi, H., & Noaparast, K.B. (2012). A cross-sectional study of self reported wisdom development: from adolescence through adulthood. Interdiciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 4(2), 482-492.

Azwar, S. (2013). Sikap manusia dan pengukurannya. Yogyakarta: Pusat Belajar Offset. Badan Pusat Statistik (2010). Laporan Sosial Indonesia 2010: Kajian Indikator Kesehatan. Diunduh dari

Berg, A. I. (2008). Kepuasan hidup in Late Life. Sweden: Gothenburg. Bergsma, A., & Ardelt, M. (2012). Self-reported wisdom and happiness: an empirical investigation. Journal of Happiness Studies 13: 481-499.

Birren, J. E., & Svensson, C. M. (2005). Wisdom in History. In R. J. Sternberg & J. Jordan (Eds.), A handbook of wisdom: Psychological perspectives (pp. 3-28).

Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71-75. doi: 10.1207/s15327752jpa4901_13

Diener E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125(2), 276-302. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.125.2.276

Erikson, E. H. (1959). Identity and the life cycle. New York: International University Press. Gaymu, J. & Springer, S. (2010). Living conditions and kepuasan hidup of older Europeans living alone: A gender and cross-country analysis. Ageing & Society, 30, 1153-1175. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X10000231

Glück, J., & Bluck, S. (2011). Laypeople’s conceptions of wisdom and its development: cognitive and integrative views. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, 66B(3), 321-324. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbr011

Hayat, S.Z., Khan, S., & Sadia, R. (2016). Resilience, wisdom, and kepuasan hidup in elderly living with families and in old-age homes. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 31(2), 475-494.

Hurlock. (1999). Psikologi perkembangan: Suatu pendekatan sepanjang rentang kehidupan (Trans). Jakarta: Erlangga.

Jeste, D. V., Ardelt, Monika., Blazer, Dan., Kraemer, H. C., Vaillant, George., & Meeks, T. W. (2010). Expert consensus on characteristics of wisdom: A delphi method study. The Gerontologist, 50(5), 668–680. doi: 10.1093%2Fgeront%2Fgnq022

Monks, F. J., Knoers, A. M. P., & Haditono, S. R. (2004). Psikologi perkembangan pengantar dalam berbagai bagiannya. cetakan ke-11. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Neugarten, B. L., Havighurst, R. J., & Tobin, S. S. (1961). The measurement of kepuasan hidup. Journal of Gerontology, 16(2), 134–143. doi: 10.1093/geronj/16.2.134

Neugarten, B. L., Havighurst, & Tobin, S. S. (1968). Personality and patterns of aging. In Neugarten (Ed.), Middle age and aging (pp. 173-180). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Papalia, D., Olds., S., & Feldman, R. (2007). Human development (Edisi kesepuluh). New York: McGraw Hill. Companies.

Santrock, J. W. (2002). Life-span development. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Saul, L. J., & Pulver, S. E. (1965). The concept of emotional maturity. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 6(1), 6-20. doi: 10.1016/S0010-440X(65)80003-7

Sirgy, M.J. (2012). The psychology of quality of life: Hedonic well-being, kepuasan hidup, and eudaimonia. New York : Springer.

Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S.C. (2007). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. New Delhi: Sage Publications, Inc.

Stenberg. (1986). Intelligence, wisdom, and creativity: Three is better than one. Educational Psychologist, 21(3), 175-190. doi: 10.1207/s15326985ep2103_2

Trief, T. M., Michael J. W., Pine, D. S., & Weinstock. (2003). Comparison of health-related quality of life of elderly and younger insulin-treated adults with diabetes. Journal of Age and Aging, 32(6), 613-618. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afg105

Wirakusumah, S. E. (2002). Tetap bugar di usia lanjut. Jakarta: Imbus Agri Widya


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Gadjah Mada Journal of Psychology (GamaJoP)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.