Stimulus Gambar: Sebuah Kajian pada Instrumen Minat Vokasional

Firmanto Adi Nurcahyo, Saifuddin Azwar, Wisjnu Martani
(Submitted 1 November 2018)
(Published 3 December 2018)


Vocational interest instruments are mostly based on verbal stimuli which require subjects’ reading ability. Another form of stimuli is needed for the populations that have reading difficulty. This article offers an explanation of using pictures as stimuli in the development of an instrument to assess adolescents’ vocational interest as well as the steps in developing pictorial stimuli. Compared to verbal, pictorial stimuli are closer to real life and have supporting information related to the activities. However, some limitation in using pictorial stimuli such as difficulty in describing hardly observable behavior and ambiguity of the pictures that can affect individual interpretation need to be considered.


instrument development; pictorial stimuli; vocational interest

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/buletinpsikologi.40361


Artosandi, Y. S. R. (2016). Pengembangan instrumen minat vokasional berbasis tipologi Holland untuk eksplorasi karir siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama (Diser­tasi Tidak Dipublikasikan). Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Yogya­karta, Yogyakarta.

Azwar, S. (2012). Reliabilitas dan validitas. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Azwar, S. (2015). Penyusunan skala psikologi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Becker, R. L. (1973). Vocational choice: An inventory approach. Education and Training of the Mentally Retarded, 8(3), 128–136.

Boerchi, D., & Magnano, P. (2015). Icono­graphic Professional Interests Inventory (3IP): A new validation study. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 11(4), 571–596. doi: 10.5964/ejop.v11i4.927

Dal Mas, D. E., Kühnel, S., Reichelt, B., Markowitsch, H. J., & Piefke, M. (2013). Influence of color on perceptual priming: A picture fragment completion paradigm. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 82, 482–486. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.296

Dozier, V. C., Sampson, J. P., Lenz, J. G., Peterson, G. W., & Reardon, R. C. (2015). The impact of the Self-Directed Search Form R internet version on counselor-free career exploration. Journal of Career Assessment, 23(2), 210–224. doi: 10.1177/ 1069072714535020

Enke, S. (2009). A pictorial version of the RIASEC scales of the Personal Globe Inventory. (Disertasi Tidak Dipublikasi­kan). Psychology Department Colorado State University, Colorado.

Foutch, H., McHugh, E. R., Bertoch, S. C., & Reardon, R. C. (2014). Creating and using a database on Holland’s theory and practical tools. Journal of Career Assessment, 22(1), 188–202. doi: 10.1177/1069072713492947

Furr, R. M. (2011). Scale construction and psychometrics for social and personality psychology. London: SAGE.

Geist, H. (1959). The Geist Picture Interest Inventory: General form: Male. Psychological Reports, 5(2), 413–438.

Goh, D. S., Lee, J. A., & Yu, J. (2004). Factor Structure of the Strong Interest Inventory with a Chinese high school sample. The Journal of Psychology, 138(2), 171–184. doi: 10.3200/ JRLP.138.2.171-184

Goh, D. S., & Yu, J. (2001). Translation and validation of the Chinese Form of the strong interest inventory. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 50(2), 252–268.

Gregory, R. J. (2000). Psychological testing: History, principles, and applications (3rd ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Hansen, J.-I. C. (2011). Remembering John L. Holland, Ph.D. The Counseling Psycho­logist, 39(8), 1212–1217.

Holland, J. L. (1985). Making vocational choices: A theory of vocational personalities and work environments. USA: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Leung, S. A., & Hou, Z. (2001). Concurrent validity of the 1994 Self-Directed Search for Chinese high school students in Hong Kong. Journal of Career Assessment, 9(3), 283–296.

Low, K. S. D., Yoon, M., Roberts, B. W., & Rounds, J. (2005). The stability of vocational interests from early adolescence to middle adulthood: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 131(5), 713–737. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.131.5.713

Miller, M. J. (2002). A longitudinal examination of a three-letter Holland code. Journal of Employment Counseling, 39(1), 43.

Nurcahyo, F. A., & Azwar, S. (2008). Pengembangan skala minat untuk

penjurusan akademis di Perguruan Tinggi. Humanitas, 5(2), 83–96.

Poitras, S.-C., Guay, F., & Ratelle, C. F. (2012). Using the Self-Directed Search in research: Selecting a representative pool of items to measure vocational interests. Journal of Career Development, 39(2), 186–207. doi: 10.1177/ 0894845310384593

Ratri, W. D. (2016). Validasi Holland Self Directed Search (SDS) Form CP sebagai alat ukur minat karir. (Tesis Tidak Dipublikasikan). Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Šverko, I., Babarović, T., & Međugorac, V. (2014). Pictorial assessment of interests: Development and evaluation of Picto­rial and Descriptive Interest Inventory. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84(3), 356–366. doi: 10.1016/j.jvb.2014.02.008

Ting, S.-M. R. (2007). Comparing the Chinese Career Key and the Self-Directed Search with high school girls in Hong Kong. Journal of Career Development, 34(2), 192–209. doi: 10.1177/0894845307307474

Tracey, T. J. G. (2002). Personal Globe Inventory: Measurement of the spherical model of interests and competence beliefs. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 60(1), 113–172. doi:10.1006/jvbe.2001.1817

Van Iddekinge, C. H., Putka, D. J., & Campbell, J. P. (2011). Reconsidering vocational interests for personnel selection: The validity of an interest-based selection test in relation to job knowledge, job performance, and continuance intentions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96(1), 13–33. doi: 10.1037/a0021193

Wetzel, E., Hell, B., & Passler, K. (2012). Comparison of different test construc­tion strategies in the development of a gender-fair interest inventory using verbs. Journal of Career Assessment, 20(1), 88–104. doi: 10.1177/ 1069072711417166

Yoto, A., Katsuura, T., Iwanaga, K., & Shimomura, Y. (2007). Effects of object color stimuli on human brain activities in perception and attention referred to EEG alpha band response. Journal of Physiological Anthropology, 26(3), 373–379. doi: 10.2114/jpa2.26.373


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Buletin Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.