Do Re Mi: Psikologi, Musik, dan Budaya

Rinanda Rizky Amalia Shaleha
(Submitted 18 July 2018)
(Published 14 June 2019)


Music has been a part of everyday human life since ancient times. Music can influence how humans feel, think, and behave. Scientific evidence also shows that there is a neurobiological basis of music. The universality of music makes everyone able to sense the emotional content in music. However, music is a product of culture so it can not be separated from cultural bias. Music is considered as a determinant of social identity. Furthermore, music influences social preferences in society. Music with certain types is considered as a marker of the group so that there is a stereotype in assessing a group. The benefits of music can be obtained in various settings such as in education and health setting. Future studies, it is necessary to review music from different perspectives such as culture, psychology, and neurobiology to be more comprehensive in order to explain the influences of music in human life.


Psychology; Psychology of Music; Cultural Psychology

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/buletinpsikologi.37152


Anderson, C. A., Carnagey, N. L., & Eubanks, J. (2003). Exposure to violent media: The effects of songs with violent lyrics on aggressive thoughts and feelings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 960–971.

Argstatter, H. (2016). Perception of basic emotions in music: Culture-specific or multicultural? Psychology of Music, 44(4), 674–690. doi: 10.1177/0305735615589214

Auh, M. (2002). Reasons for liking music : Differences by country and gender among Australian, Korean, and American University Students. 7th International Conference in Music Perception and Cognition. Sidney.

Chang, M., Chen, C., & Huang, K. (2008). Effects of music therapy on psychological health of women during pregnancy. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17, 2580–2587.

Chen, L., Zhou, S., & Bryant, J. (2011). Temporal changes in mood repair through music consumption: Effects of mood, mood salience, and individual differences. Media Psychology, 9(3), 695–713. doi: 10.1080/15213260701283293

Demorest, S. M. (2002). An fMRI study of cross-cultural music comprehension. 7th International Conference in Music Perception and Cognition. Sidney.

Djohan. (2009). Psikologi musik. Yogyakarta: Best Publisher.

Do, W. D. M. T. (2011). Music therapy. Retrieved from

Elfenbein, H. A., & Ambady, N. (2002). On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 128(2), 203–235.

Fritz, T., Jentschke, S., Gosselin, N., Sammler, D., Peretz, I., Turner, R., … Koelsch, S. (2009). Universal recognition of three basic emotions in music. Current Biology, 19(7), 573–576. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.02.058

Gabrielsson, A., & Juslin, P. N. (2003). Emotional expression in music performance: Between the performer’s intention and the listener’s experience. Psychology of Music, 24(1), 68–91.

Gosling, S. D., & Rentfrow, P. J. (2007). The content and validity of music-genre stereotypes among college students. Psychology of Music, 35(2), 306–326. doi: 10.1177/0305735607070382

Grahn, J. A., & Brett, M. (2009). Impairment of beat-based rhythm discrimination in Parkinson’s disease. Cortex, 45(1), 54–61.

Grocke, D., Bloch, S., & Castle, D. (2009). The effect of group music therapy on quality of life for participants living with a severe and enduring mental illness. Journal of Music Therapy, 46(2), 90–104.

Hallam, S. (2010). The power of music: Its impact on the intellectual, social and personal development of children and young people. International Journal of Music Education, 28(3), 269–289. doi: 10.1177/0255761410370658

Hilton, J. L., & Von Hippel, W. (1996). Stereotypes. Annual Review of Psychology, 47(1), 237–271.

Hunter, P., Schellenberg, E. G., & Schimmack, U. (2010). Feelings and perceptions of happiness and sadness induced by music: Similarities, differences, and mixed emotions. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 4, 47–56. doi:10.1037/a0016873

Izard, C. E. (2007). Basic emotions, natural kinds, emotion schemas, and a new paradigm. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2(3), 260–280.

Knobloch, S., & Zillmann, D. (2002). Mood management via the digital jukebox. Journal of Communication, 52, 351–366. doi: doi: 10.1111/j.1460-2466.2002.tb02549.x

Labbé, E., Schmidt, N., Babin, J., & Pharr, M. (2007). Coping with stress: The effectiveness of different types of music. Applied Psychophysiology Biofeedback, 32(3–4), 163–168. doi: 10.1007/s10484-007-9043-9

Laukka, P., & Quick, L. (2013). Emotional and motivational uses of music in sports and exercise: A questionnaire study among athletes. Psychology of Music, 41(2), 198–215. doi: 10.1177/0305735611422507

Maratos, A., Gold, C., Wang, X., & Crawford, M. (2008). Music therapy for depression. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004517.pub2

Media Info Center. (2005). Hours spent listening to the radio per week. Retrieved from:

Münte, T. F., Altenmüller, E., & Jäncke, L. (2002). The musician’s brain as a model of neuroplasticity. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 3(6), 473–478.

Rawlings, D., Ziv, N., Hill, M., & Barrantes-Vidal, N. (2002). Personality and liking music excerpts categorized according to ‘Mood Quality’: A Cross-Cultural Study. 7 The International Conference in Music Perception and Cognition. Sidney.

Reeves, A., Gilbert, E., & Holman, D. (2015). Class dis-identification, cultural stereotypes, and music preferences: Experimental evidence from the UK. Poetics, 50, 44–61.

Saarikallio, S., & Erkkilä, J. (2007). The role of music in adolescents’ mood regulation. Psychology of Music, 35(1), 88–109. doi: 10.1177/0305735607068889

Saint-Georges, C., Chetouani, M., Cassel, R., Apicella, F., Mahdhaoui, A., Muratori, F., & Cohen, D. (2013). Motherese in interaction: At the cross-road of emotion and cognition? (A systematic review). PLoS ONE, 8(10), 1–17. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0078103

Salimpoor, V. N., Benovoy, M., Larcher, K., Dagher, A., & Zatorre, R. J. (2011). Anatomically distinct dopamine release during anticipation and experience of peak emotion to music. Nature Neuroscience, 14(2), 257–264. doi: 10.1038/nn.2726

Särkämö, T., Tervaniemi, M., & Huotilainen, M. (2013). Music perception and cognition: Development, neural basis, and rehabilitative use of music. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 4(4), 441–451. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1237

Sauter, D. A., Eisner, F., Ekman, P., & Scott, S. K. (2010). Cross-cultural recognition of basic emotions through nonverbal emotional vocalizations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(6), 2408–2412.

Schellenberg, E. G. (2004). Music lessons enhance IQ. Psychological Science, 15(8), 511–514. doi: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00711.x

Shahidullah, P., & Hepper. (1993). The developmental origins of fetal responsiveness to an acoustic stimulus. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 11, 135–142.

Sherman, J. W., Stroessner, S. J., Conrey, F. R., & Azam, O. A. (2005). Prejudice and stereotype maintenance processes: Attention, attribution, and individuation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(4), 607–622.

Smith, E. R. (2014). Social identity and social emotions: Toward new conceptualizations of prejudice. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Soley, G., & Spelke, E. S. (2016). Shared cultural knowledge: Effects of music on young children’s social preferences. Cognition, 148, 106–116. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.09.017

Susino, M., & Schubert, E. (2018). Cultural stereotyping of emotional responses to music genre. Psychology of Music, (2007). doi: 10.1177/0305735618755886

Thompson, W. F., Schellenberg, E. G., & Husain, G. (2001). Research report arousal, mood, and the Mozart effect. Psychological Science, 12(3), 248–251.

Wallin, N. L., Merker, B., & Brown, S. (2000). The origins of music. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Zentner, M., Grandjean, D., & Scherer, K. R. (2008). Emotions evoked by the sound of music: Characterization, classification, and measurement. Emotion, 8(4), 494–521.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Buletin Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.