Pengetahuan, efikasi diri dan praktik penjamah makanan tentang keamanan pangan pada industri rumah tangga pangan

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26122

Jimmi Kifly Putra Sihombing(1*), Susi Ari Kristina(2), Retna Siwi Padmawati(3)

(1) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Farmakoterapi, Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Purpose

This study aimed to explore the sociodemographic characteristics, experience, knowledge level, self-efficacy of food handlers at home industry in Ambon and their relation to food safety practices.

Methods

This research was a cross sectional study with 51 samples of home industry with 135 respondents. Statistical analysis used chi square and logistic regression tests.

Results

There was a correlation between education level, training, knowledge with self-efficacy. There is a significant association of education level, self-efficacy, knowledge with food safety practice of food handler.

Conclusion

Food safety in home industry depends on food handling practices. This study suggested to increase the monitoring system for food handlers in order to prevent foodborne disease.


Keywords


food safety; knowledge; self efficacy; practices; food handlers; home industry



References

  1. World Health Organization. Food safety and foodborne illness. In: Fact Sheet N 237 Word Health Organization (WHO); 2007.
  2. Chan SF, Chan Z. A Review of Foodborne Disease Outbreaks From 1996 on Food Safety Promotion. J Food Saf. 2007;28(2008):276–99.
  3. World Health Organization. Five Keys To Safer Food Manual Safer Food Manual. 2006.
  4. CDC. CDC and Food Safety. 2016(March).
  5. Thimoteo D, Stedefeldt E, Rosso VV De. The role of theoretical food safety training on Brazilian food handlers ’ knowledge , attitude and practice. Food Control [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd. 2014;43:167–74. Phillip S, Anita E. Efficacy of the theory of planned behaviour model in predicting safe food handling practices. Food Control. Elsevier Ltd. 2010;21(7):983–7. 
  6. Campos AKC, Cardonha MS, Pinheiro LBG, Ferreira NR, Azevedo PRM de, Stamford TLM. Assessment of personal hygiene and practices of food handlers in municipal public schools of Natal, Brazil. Food Control [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd. 2009;20(9):807–10. 
  7. Abdul-Mutalib N-A, Abdul-Rashid M-F, Mustafa S, Amin-Nordin S, Hamat RA, Osman M. Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding food hygiene and sanitation of food handlers in Kuala Pilah, Malaysia. Food Control. 2012;27(2):289–93.
  8. Balai POM Ambon. Laporan Kinerja Balai POM di Ambon Tahun 2015; 2016.
  9. World Health Organization. Food Safety. In: Food Safety ; Fact sheet N 399. 2015. p. 1011–1011.
  10. Dahlan MS. 13 Penyakit Statistik. 7th ed. Jakarta - Indonesia: Sagung Seto; 2010.
  11. Mensah AO, Lebbaeus A. The Influence of Employees’ Self-Efficacy on Their Quality of Work Life: The Case of Cape Coast, Ghana. Int J Bus Soc Sci[Internet]. 2013;4(2). 
  12. Bandura A. Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change [Internet]. Psychological Review; 1977. p. 191–215. Available from: http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/rev/
  13. Bayramoğlu G, Şahin M, DeVellis BM, Youssef CM, Luthans F, Youssef CM, et al. Self-Efficacy in the workplace : Implications for motivation and performance. J Manage [Internet]. 2013;3(2):154–7. 
  14. Beavers AS, Murphy L, Richards JK. Investigating Change in Adolescent Self-Efficacy of Food Safety Through Educational Interventions. J Food Sci Educ. 2015;14(2):54–9.
  15. Yee P, Lin K, Marian J, Watkin J, Nursheena S, Zain M. Evaluation of basic knowledge on food safety and food handling practices amongst migrant food handlers in Peninsular Malaysia. Food Control [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2016;70:64–73. 
  16. Pajares F. Overview of Social Cognitive Theory and of self efficacy. 2002; Available from: https://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Pajares/eff.html
  17. Ansari-Lari M, Soodbakhsh S, Lakzadeh L. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of workers on food hygienic practices in meat processing plants in Fars, Iran. Food Control [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2010;21(3):260–3. 
  18. Sung S-C, Huang H-C, Lin M-H. Relationship between the knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy on sexual health care for nursing students. J Prof Nurs[Internet]. 2015;31(3):254–61. 
  19. Liu B, Cho S. Food Safety Practices among Chinese in the U.S; 2011
  20. Maulana HD. Promosi Kesehatan. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC; 2009.
  21. Glanz K, Rimer BK, Viswanath K. Health Behaviour and Health Education. Four Editi. United States of America: Jossey Bass A Wiley Imprint; 2008.
  22. Jianu C, Goleţ I. Knowledge of food safety and hygiene and personal hygiene practices among meat handlers operating in western Romania. Food Control. 2014;42:214–9.
  23. Kunadu AP, Ofosu DB, Aboagye E, Tano-debrah K. Food safety knowledge , attitudes and self-reported practices of food handlers in institutional foodservice in Accra , Ghana. Food Control [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2016;69:324–30. 
  24. Ismail FH, Chik CT, Muhammad R, Mat N. Food Safety Knowledge and Personal Hygiene Practices amongst Mobile Food Handlers in Shah Alam , Selangor. Procedia - Soc Behav Sci [Internet]. Elsevier B.V.;2016;222:290–8. 
  25. Michaels B. Handwashing: an effective tool in the food safety arsenal. Food Qual. 2002;9(5):45–53



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.26122

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1245 | views : 489

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat ISSN 0215-1936 (PRINT), ISSN: 2614-8412 (ONLINE).

Indexed by:


Web
Analytics Visitor Counter