The challenge in promoting a smoke-free environment at traditional coffee shops in Bengkalis

Dedy Setiawan(1*), Supriyati Supriyati(2), Atik Tri Ratnawati(3)

(1) Poltekkes Kemenkes Kalimantan Timur
(2) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan, dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Kesehatan Masyarakat, dan Keperawatan, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Antropologi, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM
(*) Corresponding Author


Background: Health promotion has been concerned with the control of smoking in public places. Many public places have been introduced as free smoking areas. However, the health promoters give less attention to pockets of smokers in traditional coffee shops in small towns and countrysides. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to capture the contradiction between smoke-free campaign with a culture of social gatherings at coffee shops where a culture of smoking exists. Method: This descriptive exploratory study interviewed 5 coffee shop visitors who smoked and drank coffee, 2 visitors who did not smoke and did not drink coffee, 2 coffee shop owners and 1 coffee shop employee. Result: This study found that breakfast (eating, drinking coffee, smoking), meeting colleagues (chatting, discussion, lobbying, campaigning), and looking for opportunities (information, relations, and job promotion) were important reasons for coffee shop visitors. From their perspective, visiting a coffee shop is a habit. Indeed, it has become a social need to promote social interactions, to share information, and to build a partnership, In spite of disagreement among their spouses, non-smoking campaign among the public, and not going out to the coffee shop during office hours among those who were public servants. Conclusion: Visitors to traditional local coffee shops support the culture of smoking. Health promotion experts need to consider the coffee shop as a place to remind the dangers of smoking.


intensi; merokok; minum kopi; perilaku


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