Prevalensi faktor risiko orang dewasa yang memiliki gejala subjektif penyakit jantung koroner di Gunung Kidul

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.15485

Musa Wakasala(1*), Citra Indriani(2), Yayi Suryo Prabandari(3)

(1) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Departemen Biostatistik, Epidemiologi dan Kesehatan Populasi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Departemen Perilaku Kesehatan, Lingkungan, dan Kedokteran Sosial, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The prevalence of risk factors in adults who have subjective coronary heart disease symptoms in Gunung Kidul

Purpose

This study aimed to identify the risk factors of smoking, passive smoking, physical activity, and consumption of fruits and vegetables in adults who have subjective coronary heart disease symptoms.

Methods

This study used secondary data involving 586 participants. Data were obtained from the survey of clean and healthy behaviors conducted by the provincial health office in 2015. Samples were adults aged 18-60 and aged < 18 who have been married and settled in Gunungkidul. Analysis of the relationship between variables used chi-square and Poisson regression tests.

Results

The prevalence of smoking was lower in those who experience coronary heart disease subjective symptoms than those who do not have this symptom.  Multivariate analysis showed a significant association between passive smoking, fruit and vegetable consumption, level of education and coronary heart disease subjective symptoms.

Conclusion

This study recommends making a regulation of non-smoking areas and its application in the society. It is also necessary to do socialization and counseling about the dangers, symptoms, and prevention of coronary heart disease.


Keywords


smoking; passive smoking; physical activity; eating fruits and vegetables; coronary heart disease



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.15485

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