Pajanan pestisida dan kejadian anemia pada petani holtikultura di Kecamatan Cikajang, Kabupaten Garut tahun 2016

https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12313

Nella Mutia Arwin(1*), Suyud Suyud(2)

(1) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(2) Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Pesticide exposure and anemia incidence among horticultural farmers in Cikajang district, Garut in 2016

Purpose

This study aimed to determine the relationship of pesticide exposure with anemia.

Methods

A cross-sectional design was used in this study. The population in this study were male horticulture farmers domiciled in Cikajang, Garut. A total of 106 farmers were selected as samples and blood samples were taken to determine hemoglobin concentration.

Results

Average Hb farmer was 16.65 g/dL. Bivariate analysis showed no association between exposure to pesticides which consisted of working period (p = 0.440, OR = 1.944; 95% CI: 0.51 to 7.325), duration of spraying (p = 1.000),  spraying time (p value = 1.000), spraying frequency (p = 1.000, OR = 0.698; 95% CI: 0.091 to 5.334), the dose of pesticides (p = 1.000, OR = 1.244; 95% CI = 0.164 to 9.444), and mixing pesticides (p = 1.000, OR = 1.337; 95% CI: 0.176 to 10.181) with the incidence of anemia. Multivariate analysis showed that working period is the dominant factor affecting the incidence of anemia in horticulture farmers.

Conclusion

Pesticide exposure was not associated with anemia. Therefore, in future studies, it is expected to perform the appropriate biomarker testing to detect the presence of pesticide exposure with the biological effect on the health of farmers.




Keywords


anemia; pesticide exposure; holticultural farmers



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/bkm.12313

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