Binaural entrainment of 2000-2040 Hz and 2000-2090 Hz increase Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) expression of astrocytes in the CA1 rat hippocampus during operant learning conditioning

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScie004603201401

Zainuri Sabta Nugraha(1*), Soedjono Aswin(2), . Harijadi(3)

(1) Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Yogyakarta,
(2) Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Pathology Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Astrocytes of hippocampus contribute in the learning performance. Entrainment of gamma waves
can improve learning performance by improving the neurons to astrocytes communication. The
aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of binaural entrainment of 2000-2040 Hz and 2000-
2090 Hz on Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) expression in astrocytes of the CA1 region of
rat hippocampus during operant learning conditions. Twenty male Wistar rats aged 4-6 weeks
with body weight 100-150 g were devided into 4 groups. Group I was given binaural sounds
entrainment at 2000-2040 Hz without learning test. Group II was given entrainment as performed
in Group I followed by a learning test. Group III was given binaural sounds entrainment at 2000-
2090 followed by a learning test. Group IV was not given entrainment nor learning test. The
entrainment was performed for 30 minutes everyday for 12 days and the learning test was
performed for 10 minutes everyday for 12 days. The GFAP expression was examined
imminohistochemically. Astrocytes processes and astrocytes histoscore were also calculated.
The results showed that the number of the GFAP-positive astrocytes in Group I (70.96 ± 4.86),
II (69.76±3.07) and III (63.10±5.85) were significantly higher than Control (47.33±1.33)
(p<0.05). The number of the processes astrocytes in Group I (47.64 ± 3.87), II (60.66±2.07)
and III (54.17±6.38) was significantly higher than Control (30.87±2.69) (p<0.05). Moreover,
the number of the processes astrocytes in Group II was significantly higher than Group I (p=0.016).
The astrocytes histoscore index in the Group II (115.58±14.13) and III (78.32±22.23) were
significantly higher than Group I (28.79 ± 9.61) and Control (16.05±1.64) (p<0.05). In
conclusion, the binaural entrainment of 2000-2040 Hz and 2000-2090 Hz increase GFAP expression
of astrocytes in Cornu Ammonus 1 (CA1) region of rat hippocampus during operant learning
conditioning.

Keywords


entrainment - learning - Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein - Skinner test – astrocytes

Full Text:

PDF



DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScie004603201401

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 388 | views : 383




Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of the Medical Sciences



      

Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.