The relationship between sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression and tumor size, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen (PCNA) expression and histological grading in rat breast carcinoma induced by dimethylbenz()anthracene (DMBA)

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScie004504201301

Novrita Padauleng(1*), Dewajani Purnomosari(2), Sri Herwiyanti(3), . Harjadi(4), . Irianiwati(5), Sitarina Widyarini(6)

(1) Faculty of Medicine, University of Mataram, West Nusa Tenggara,
(2) Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(4) Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(5) Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(6) Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Controversy regarding the role of SIRT1 in pathology of cancers exists and is still under debate.
SIRT1 could act as either a tumor supressor or tumor promotor. This study was conducted to
evaluate the relationship between SIRT1 expression and tumor size, Proliferating Cell Nuclear
Antigen (PCNA) expression and histological grading in rat breast carcinoma induced by
dimethylbenz(á)anthracene (DMBA). Thirty female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly allocated
into three groups with 10 rats in each group. Group 1 as negative control was just fed the
standard food. Group 2 as vehicle control was fed the standard food and corn oil. Group 3 as
induction group was fed the standard food and induced with DMBA at dose of 20 mg/kg body
weight (BW) in corn oil twice a week for five weeks. All rats were palpated weekly to determine
the appearance, size and location of tumors. Sixteen weeks after DMBA induction rats were
sacrified and histological preparations of the breast carcinoma tissue were then processed for
SIRT1 and PCNA expression examination as well as histological grading. The result showed that
SIRT1 expression was significantly higher in breast carcinoma tissue compared to normal gland
(26.12 vs 0.05; p = 0.004). SIRT1-positive was observed mostly in poor histological grade
carcinomas (56.2%), and it was not observed in good histological grade carcinomas. However,
there was no significantly difference between SIRT1 and histological grading (p = 0.097; r =
0.285). A significant correlation between SIRT1 expression and the tumor size (p =0.009; r
=0.877), as well as PCNA expression (p =0.000; r =0.790) was observed. In conclusion, there
is relationship between SIRT1 expression and tumor size as well as PCNA expression in rat breast
carcinoma induced by DMBA.


Keywords


SIRT1 expression - DMBA induced rat breast cancer - histological grading - tumor size - PCNA expression




DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScie004504201301

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.