The relationship between vitamin A and ferritin towards malondialdehyde level among Javanese male smokers

Ajeng Viska Icanervilia(1*), . Sunarti(2), Ahmad Hamim Sadewa(3)

(2) Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(3) Department of Biochemistry,Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Cigarette smokes produce a large number of oxidants and promote secretion of ferritin by
alveolar macrophages which are potential to encourage the lipid peroxidation. Malondialdehyde
(MDA) is used as a parameter of lipid peroxidation. The study was aimed to evaluate the
relationship between blood level of vitamin A and ferritin and MDA among Javanese male
smokers. Sixty men who lived in Purworejo District, Central Java, Indonesia comprising 30
smokers as case group and 30 nonsmokers as control group were involved in this study. Blood
sample was obtained from cubiti vein and then centrifuged to obtain plasma or serum. Blood levels
of vitamin A, ferritin and MDA were measured by HPLC, ELISA and spectrophotometric methods,
respectively. The result showed that the blood vitamin A, ferritin, and MDA levels in smokers were
25.09±9.51μg/dL, 35.50±24.17ng/dL, 1.15±0.42μg/L, respectively, whereas in non smokers, they
were 26.11±9.19 μg/dL, 38.60±15.25 ng/dL, 1.06±0.50 μg/L, respectively. Therewas no significant
difference of the blood vitamin A, ferritin, and MDA levels between smokers and the non smokers
(p>0.05). The linear regression analysis indicated that there was negative relationship between
blood vitamin A and MDA levels although it was not significant (p=0.052), while blood ferritin and
MDA levels had a significantly positive relationship (p=0.010). In conclusion, the low level of blood
vitamin A among cigarette smokers does not lead to high blood MDA level, while high level of blood
ferritin among smokers leads to high blood MDA level.



vitamin A - ferritin - malondialdehyde - cigarette - smokers

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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