Risk Factors of Malaria Incidence in Endemic Area of Central Java

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201808

Renti Mahkota(1*), Fajaria Nurcandra(2), Fitria Dewi Puspita Anggraini(3), Annisa Ika Putri(4), Bambang Wispriyono(5)

(1) Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
(2) Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jakarta, Indonesia
(3) Department of Entomology, Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
(4) Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
(5) Department of Environmental Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Malaria caused 212 million cases worldwide in 2015 which associated to environmental factors, ecology, and the presence of vectors. Annual paracite incidence (API) in Indonesia in 2011-2015 decreased. Unfortunately, malaria incidence always exist in Purworejo District which known as one of endemic area in Central Java. This research aimed to determine risk factors of malaria incidence in endemic area especially in Purworejo, Central Java. Logistc regression showed that period of residency 19-34 years (OR=1.612; 95% CI 0.853-3.046), period of residency >34 years (OR=2.050; 95% CI 1.036-4.060), male (OR=2.349; 95% CI 1.365-4.043), and education level less than junior high school (OR=1.677; 95% CI 0.976-2.882) as contributing risk factor to malaria incidence in Purworejo District.


Keywords


Malaria incidence, risk factor, endemic area

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup005001201808

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
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