Child tuberculosis in Respira Lung Hospital, Yogyakarta: demographic and clinical profiles

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018010

Stefani Candra Firmanti(1*), Rina Triasih(2)

(1) Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro
(2) Department of Paediatrics, Dr. Sardjito Hospital/Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada,
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Tuberculosis (TB) remains a significant source of morbidity and mortality among children in endemic settings. Demografic and clinical profiles of children with TB in Yogyakarta have not been well documented. A total of 80 children with TB were diagnosed with TB during the study period. There were 41 (51.2%) females and 39 (48.8%) males. The case findings of child TB cases has been increasing from 20 cases in 2014, 28 cases in 2015, and 32 cases in 2016. The majority of the children (89.3%) aged less than 5 years. The most common symptoms were cough 50 (62.5%), followed by weight loss 45 (56.3%), and fever 28 (35%). Contact with a TB case was identified in 46 (57.5%) children. Mantoux test was  done  in  76  (95%)  children  with  positive  result  documented  in  61(76.3%) children. Chest X-ray was done in 54 (67.5%) children, of which 52 (65%) chest X- rays showed suggestive of TB. Confirmed diagnosis (bacteriology) was only documented in one child (1.25%).


Keywords


children, tuberculosis, clinical, demographic

Full Text:

PDF



DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup0050012018010

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 365 | views : 178




Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala ilmu Kedokteran)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

 

Creative Commons License
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.