Management of Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer. The Asian Experience

https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup004804201608

Ava Kwong(1*)

(1) Chairman and Founder of The Hong Kong Hereditary Breast Cancer Family Registry and Hong Kong Hereditary and High Risk Breast Cancer Programme, Assistant Dean, Associate Professor and Chief of Breast Surgery, Department of Surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Chief of Breast Surgery, Hong Kong University Shenzhen Hospital
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


BRCA1/BRCA2 mutations are the most common high penetrant genes associated with an increased lifetime risk for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC). Although genetic testing is standard of care in Western developed countries, there are still variations in availability of genetic testing and risk assessment for HBOC in Asia. Depending on the countries, there are variations in the clinical strategies and cancer management. The Asian BRCA Consortium has grouped together 14 Asian countries and reviewed genetic counselling/testing uptake rates and clinical management options in these countries. Moreover economic factors, healthcare and legal frameworks, and cultural issues affecting the genetic service availability in Asia were discussed. Mutation spectrum, and VUS rates and the increase use of NGS gene panel testing poses more decisional issues in the clinical management of Hereditary Breast cancer in Asia. These will be discussed.

Keywords: BRCA1/BRCA2, germline, HBOC, Asia BRCA Consortium, NGS


 


Keywords


BRCA1/BRCA2, germline, HBOC, Asia BRCA Consortium, NGS

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.19106/JMedScieSup004804201608

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Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) by  Universitas Gadjah Mada is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.ugm.ac.id/bik/.