Anna Sri Astuti(1*)

(1) Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana
(*) Corresponding Author


At the turn of the 21st century, Americans experienced the shift from the Modern Era to the Postmodern Era. The Modern Era that worships technology blurs the borders between countries. Technology and transportation, as the major components of the revolution in the globalization era, have labeled the planet a ‘global world’. This study found out that the Internet, for instance, has made access among countries possible. One of the effects of this movement towards globalization is the erosion of American exclusivity. Apart from its positive contributions to the world, technology has produced world chaos and destruction. The attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon in 2001 and the economic crisis in 2008 are two fatal catastrophes that hit America in the 21st century and caused major trauma to the American people. This study is conducted to analyze postmodern American youth society through the analysis of Uglies and The Hunger Games to see how American youth make a turn from a victorious nostalgia to an escape from reality and create their own imaginary worlds through dystopian literature in response to what is happening in America. Using the theories of Postmodernism, small narratives from the data of the two novels are collected to reveal what are implicitly stated in the two novels.


dystopian novels; escape; nostalgia; postmodern society; young adult

Full Text:



Alterjan, Alexandra (2017). Uneasy About the Future, Readers Turn to Dystopian. Retrieved 27 January, 2017 from

Anwar, M. (2016). Postmodern Dystopian Fiction: An Analysis of Bradbury’s ‘Fahrenheit 451’. International Journal of Language and Literature, 4(1), 246-249.

Baccolini, R. (2006). Dystopia Matters: On the Use of Dystopia and Utopia, Spaces of Utopia. An Electronic Journal, 3(Autumn/Winter), 1-5.

Booker, M. K. (1995). The Dystopian Impulse in Modern Literature: Fiction as Social Criticism. Utopian Studies, 6(2), 147-149.

David L. D. (2017). America Should Not Act as the World Policeman.

Featherstone, M. (1998). Postmodernism: Theory Culture and Society. Sage Publication.

Hazlett, A., et al. (2011). Hoping for the Best of Preparing for the Worst: Regulatory Focus and Preferences for Optimism and Pessimism in Predicting Personal Outcomes. Social Cognition, 29(1), 74-96.

Hjorleifsson, S., et al. (2008). Decoding the Genetics Debate: Hype and Hope in Icelandic News Media in 2000 and 2004. New Genetics and Society, 27(4), 377-394.

Kingkade, T. (2012). Youth vote 2012 turnout: Exit polls show greater share of electorate than in 2008.

Kipniss, M. (1993). Pomo-pop: Analyzing postmodernism and popular culture (Order No. 9417041). Available from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global: Literature & Language. (304072287).

Lepore, Jill. (2017). A Golden Age for Dystopian Fiction:What to make of our new literature of radical pessimism.

Lubis, A. Yusuf. (2016). Postmodernisme: Teori dan Metode. Rajawali Press.

Lyotard, J. F. (1979). The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge. United Kingdom: Manchester University Press

Moylan, Tom. (2000). Scraps of the Untainted Sky: Science Fiction, Utopia, Dystopia. Boulder: Westview Press.

Oborne, P. and Roberts, T. (2017). How Trump Thinks: His Tweets and the Birth of a New Political Language. CPI Group (U.K.) Ltd, Croydon Cro 4 Y.Y.

Pease, D. (2010). Postnational and Postcolonial Reconfigurations of American Studies in the Postmodern Condition. J. C. Rowe (Eds.), A Concise Companion to American Studies. Wiley-Blackwell, A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication.

Radway. J. (1991). Heading the Romance: Women, Patriarchy, and Popular Literature. The University of North Carolina Press.

Richer, S. (2012). A quick Glance at the National Youth Vote. http://www.forbes. com/sites/stephenricher/2012/01/09/a-quick-glance-at-the-national-youth-vote.

Sargent, L. T. (2006). In Defense of Utopia. Diogenes, 53(1), 11-17.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 971 | views : 533


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Rubikon : Journal of Transnational American Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by:

   Crossref Google Scholar JournalStories Main logo  OAI logo  

View My Stats