CAN WHITE AMERICANS INCLUDE COLORS IN THEIR CANON? SEARCHING A POST-NATIONAL HISTORY OF AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY

https://doi.org/10.22146/rubikon.v9i1.71209

Ferry Hidayat(1*)

(1) Pondok Modern Tazakka Batang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Racism in the USA not only takes place in law, economics, politics, mass media and new media, education, literature, and popular culture but also occurs in philosophy. An abundance of Latino philosophers, African-American philosophers, and Native American philosophers are excluded from the American philosophy canon. To discover whether racism happens in the field of American philosophy, the writer surveys 15 American philosophy books written between the 1940s and the 2020s by various American writers, the whites and the non-whites. The writer carries out an ‘index-study’: scanning philosopher names in the index of each book, identifying and scrutinizing the names, listing and categorizing them into race categories, counting them, comparing the number of non-white philosophers and white philosophers mentioned in each book, putting them in a table, and interpreting why there is a disparity between the number of non-white and white philosophers included in the books. The survey result shows that racism happens in American philosophy; the writers of the 15 American philosophy books exclude an abundance of non-white philosophers. There is a critical need to write a new, post-national American philosophy book that does justice to non-white philosophers in the near future so that racism diminishes.

Keywords


American philosophy; Canon; History; Post-National; Racism; White American

Full Text:

PDF


References

Anderson, Donald R (2006). Philosophy Americana: Making Philosophy at Home in American Culture. Fordham University Press.

Behnken, Brian D & Smithers, Gregory D (2015). Racism in American Popular Media: From Aunt Jemima to the Frito Bandito. Praeger.

Bell, Derrick (2008). Race, Racism, and American Law. Wolters Kluwer.

Bernasconi, Robert & Cook, Sybol (2003). Race and Racism in Continental Philosophy. Indiana University Press.

Brodbeck, May (1950). “The Emergence of American Philosophy”, American Quarterly, 2(1) (Spring), 39-52.

Carter, Jacoby Adeshei (2016). African American Contributions to the Americas’ Cultures. Palgrave-Macmillan.

Chesler, Mark & Lewis, Amanda & Crowfoot, James (2005). Challenging Racism in Higher Education. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Dabashi, Hamid (2015). Can Non-Europeans Think?. Zed Books.

Fantina, Robert (2014). Empire, Racism, and Genocide: A History of U.S. Foreign Policy. Red Pill Press.

Farinas, Rebecca L (2021). Classical American Philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic.

Freeman, Jim (2021). Rich Thanks to Racism: How the Ultra-Wealthy Profit from Racial Injustice. Cornell University Press.

Gillborn, David (2002). Education and Institutional Racism. Institute of Education, University of London.

Hartshorne, Charles (1984). Creativity in American Philosophy. SUNY Press.

Helm, Bertrand P (1985). Time and Reality in American Philosophy. The University of Massachusetts Press.

Hidayat, Ferry (2015). “On the Struggle for Recognition of Southeast Asian and Regional Philosophy”, Prajna Vihara Journal of Philosophy and Religion, Assumption University of Thailand.

Hume, David (1994). Political Essays: Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. University of Cambridge.

Jha, Meeta Rani (2016). The Global Beauty Industry: Colorism, Racism, and the National Body. Routledge.

Klein, Adam (2017). Fanaticism, Racism, and Rage Online: Corrupting the Digital Sphere. Palgrave Macmillan.

Krikorian, Yervant H (1973). Recent Perspectives in American Philosophy. Martinus Nijhoff.

Kuklick, Bruce (2001). A History of Philosophy in America, 1720-2000. Oxford University Press.

Lott, Tommy L & Pittman, John P (1998). A Companion to African-American Philosophy. Blackwell Publishing.

Marable, Manning & Steinberg, Ian & Middlemass, Keesha (2007). Racializing Justice, Disenfranchising Lives: The Racism, Criminal Justice, and Law Reader. Palgrave Macmillan.

Marsoobian, Armen T. & John Ryder, John (2004). The Blackwell Guide to American Philosophy. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Marti, Oscar R (1983). “Is There A Latin American Philosophy”, Metaphilosophy, 14(1), January, 46-52.

Max Black, Max (1964). Philosophy in America. Routledge.

McCall, Corey & McReynolds, Phillip (2021). Decolonizing American Philosophy. SUNY Press.

McKenna, Erin. & Pratt, Scott L (2015). American Philosophy: From Wounded Knee to the Present. Bloomsbury Academic.

McKeon, Richard (1950). “Philosophy and the Diversity of Cultures”, Ethics, 60(4), July. The University of Chicago Press, 233-260.

Mills, Charles Wade (1998). Blackness Visible: Essays on Philosophy and Race. Cornell University Press.

Mills, Charles Wade (2015). “Rethinking Philosophy and Race: An Interview with Charles Mills”, Stance, 8(April), 81-107.

Mullin, Richard P (2007). The Soul of Classical American Philosophy. SUNY Press.

Nuccetelli, Susana (2003). “Is ‘Latin American Thought’ Philosophy?”, Metaphilosophy, 34(4), July. Blackwell Publishing, 524-536.

Nuccetelli, Susana & Schutte, Ofelia & Bueno, Otavio (2010). A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.

Outlaw, Lucius & Roth, Michael D (1997). “Is There a Distinctive African-American Philosophy?”, Academic Questions, Spring, 29-45.

Park, Peter K.J (2013). Africa, Asia, and The History of Philosophy: Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780-1830. SUNY Press.

Potter, Vincent G (1988). Doctrine and Experience: Essays in American Philosophy. Fordham University Press.

Rocchio, Vincent F (2000). Reel Racism: Confronting Hollywood’s Construction of Afro-American Culture. Westview Press.

Scott, Stanley J (1991). Frontier of Consciousness: Interdisciplinary Studies in American Philosophy and Poetry. Fordham University Press.

Serequeberhan, Tsenay (1994). The Hermeneutics of African Philosophy: Horizon and Discourse. Routledge.

Smith, John Edwin (1983). The Spirit of American Philosophy. SUNY Press.

Stanlick, Nancy (2013). American Philosophy, The Basics. Routledge.

Thomsett, Michael C (2020). Slavery and Racism in American Politics, 1776-1876. McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers.

Troyna, Barry & Williams, Jenny (2012). Racism, Education and The State. Routledge.

Valls, Andrew (2005). Race and Racism in Modern Philosophy. Cornell University Press.

Van Dijk, Teun A (1991). Racism and the Press. Routledge.

Waters, Anne (2004). American Indian Thought: Philosophical Essays. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Weinstein, Michael A (1982). The Wilderness and the City: American Classical Philosophy as a Moral Quest. The University of Massachusetts Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rubikon.v9i1.71209

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 251 | views : 75

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

 Sinta Kemdikbud  Garuda logo Crossref logo  Google Scholar logo  OAI logo  Dimensions logo  JournalStories Main logo

 

View My Stats

 

ISSN & E-ISSN