FEMSLASH FANFICTION AND LESBIANISM: EFFORTS TO EMPOWER AND EXPRESS ASIAN AMERICAN WOMAN SEXUALITY

https://doi.org/10.22146/rubikon.v8i2.69689

Tyas Willy Kartika(1*), Maria Elfrieda C.S.T(2)

(1) 
(2) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The existence of fan fiction nowadays shows more progressive development especially in this digital era when people does not only use internet for communicating and socializing across time and space but they also show their creativity, one of them is by writing a fan fiction. By writing fan fiction in online platforms, people get the opportunity to express their interests and their identities. This opportunity is also obtained by minority groups such as LGBTQ+ where they can express their identity through fan fiction. LGBTQ+ community utilizes online platform as the tool that brings benefit for them. In this case, writing fan fiction in online platforms allows people to create the preferable representation of minority groups and empower them as the part of LGBTQ+ community. This phenomenon can be seen through a website named Asianfanfics.com which shows an increasing number of fan fictions especially the ones with lesbian related tags such as girl x girl, lesbian, and femslash. Particularly, through the femslash subgenre, people use fan fiction to question the heteronormativity. Regarding to this phenomenon, an interview was conducted by choosing three Asian American fan fiction writers from Asianfanfics.com as the interviewees. Furthermore, by using gender theory and intersectionality, this article focuses on how fan fiction becomes a safe space to express their sexual identities and how lesbian relationship is viewed by Asian families.


Keywords


Asian American; empowerment; fan fiction; femslash; LGBTQ+; sexuality; women

Full Text:

PDF


References

Alexanderson, K. (2015, 07 October). Explainer: What is fanfiction?, The conversation. https://theconversation.com/explainer-what-is-fanfiction-48150

Alfasi, Y. (2019). The grass is always greener on my friends’ profiles: The effect of Facebook social comparison on state self-esteem and depression. Personality and Individual Differences, 147, 111-117.

Aragon, A. P. (2006). Challenging lesbian norms : Intersex, transgender, intersectional, and queer perspectives. Routledge.

Bailey, J., Steeves, V., Burkell, J., & Reagan, P. (2013). Negotiating with gender stereotypes on social networking sites: From “Bicycle Face” to Facebook. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 91-112.

Black, R. W. (2005). Language, culture, and identity in online fanfiction. E-Learning, 170-184.

Black, R. W. (2009). Online fan fiction, global identities, and imagination. Research in the teaching of English , May 2009, 43(4), 397-425.

Boog, J. (2008, September 18). Mediabistro. https://web.archive.org/web/20130210011535/http://www.mediabistro.com/galleycat/brokeback-33-percent_b7743?c=rss

Boudourides, M. A., & Drakou, a. E. (2000). GENDER @ CYBERSPACE. University of Patras.

Brandes, S. B., & Levin, D. (2014). “Like my status”: Israeli teenage girls constructing their social connections on the facebook social network. Feminist Media Studies, 14, 743-758.

Bridges, S. K., Selvidge, M. M., & Matthews, C. R. (2003). Lesbian women of color : Therapeutic issues and challenges. Journal of multicultural counseling and development, 113-130.

Burt, S. (2017, August 23). The promise and potential of fan fiction, The New Yorker. https://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/the-promise-and-potential-of-fan-fiction

Cambridge. (2021, April 15). Cambridge online dictionary. https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/femslash

Chen, S. (2018, 01 June). China’s complicated LGBT movement, The Diplomat. https://thediplomat.com/2018/06/chinas-complicated-lgbt-movement/

Choy, G. (2019, March 12). This week in Asia. https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/explained/article/3001296/explained-gay-rights-lgbtq-and-same-sex-marriage-asia

Cochrane, K. (2016, 01 September). Why Heteronormativity is a Bad Thing, Teen Vogue. https://www.teenvogue.com/story/heteronormativity-gender-identity-sexual-orientation

Commission, I. G. (2010). Summary report violence on the basis of SOGI against non heteronormative women in Asia. IGLHRC.

Commission, I. G. (2010). Violence on the basis of SOGI against non heteronormative women in Asia. IGLHRC.

Dewi, M. A. (2009). MEDIA MASSA DAN PENYEBARAN ISU PEREMPUAN. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 7(3), 228-236.

EDRI. (2019, July 17). EDRI.ORG. 17 July 2019, https://edri.org/our-work/the-digital-rights-lgbtq-technology-reinforces-societal-oppressions/

Finn, J. (2019, March 28). The de-normalization of queer: LGBTQ people – Not historical outcasts, Medium. https://medium.com/james-finn/the-de-normalization-of-queer-f2550bac0115

Fox, J., & Ralston, R. (2016). Queer identity online: Information learning and teaching experiences of LGBTQ individuals on social media. Computers in human behavior, 635-642.

Gandhi, L. (2021, June 28). In Hollywood, Asian American Stories are rare, but Asian American LGBTQ stories are even rarer, NBC News. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/asian-america/hollywood-asian-american-stories-are-rare-asian-american-lgbtq-stories-rcna1270

Hillier, L., & Harrison, L. (2007). Building realities less limited than their own: Young people practicing same-sex attraction on the internet. Sexualities,10, 82-100.

internetworldstats. (2020, December 31). World Internet Stats. https://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm

Janczak, M. (2017, May 31). Hawkmedia. https://hawkemedia.com/blog/social-media-lgbtq-community

Jenkins, H. (1992). Textual Poachers: Television Fans & Participatory Culture. Routledge.

Jr, A. P. (2006). The Intersectional Imagination: What Do Lesbian and Gay Leaders of Color Have To Do With It? Race, Gender & Class, 13(3/4), 218-238.

Kadem, C. (1999). The social impact of the internet on our society. https://www.math.umd.edu/~bnk/CAR/project.htm

Klink, F. (2017, May 30). Fansplaining. https://www.fansplaining.com/articles/towards-a-definition-of-fanfiction

Koehm, D. (2018). Revision as resistance: Fanfiction as an empowering community for female and queer fans. University of Connecticut.

Kozee., H., & Tylka, T. (2006). A test of objectification theory with lesbian women. Psychology of women quarterly, 30(4), 348-357.

Kushnarenko, N. (2019, December 25). LGBT and feminism: Why does gender equality bother conservatives? Heinrich Böll Stiftung, https://ua.boell.org/en/2019/12/25/lgbt-and-feminism-why-does-gender-equality-bother-conservatives

Kustritz, A. (2003). Slashing the romance narrative. The Journal of American Culture 26(3), 371-385.

Lexico, O. (2020, April 15). Lexico. https://www.lexico.com/definition/femslash

Li, A. (2021, January 11). Human Rights Hero: The LGBTQ Rights Movement. American Bar Association, https://www.americanbar.org/groups/crsj/publications/human_rights_magazine_home/civil-rights-reimagining-policing/human-rights-hero/

Mokhtar, M. F., Sukeri, W. A., & Latiff, Z. A. (2019). SOCIAL MEDIA ROLES IN SPREADING LGBT MOVEMENTS IN MALAYSIA. Asian journal of media and communication, 77-82.

Manavis, S. (2018, November 23). NewStatesman. https://www.newstatesman.com/culture/fiction/2018/11/internet-fanfiction-becoming-mainstream-after-movie-harry-styles-potter-one-direction

Outlaw, M. (2016, June 20). Odyssey. https://www.theodysseyonline.com/why-is-fan-fiction-so-popular

Peterson-Reed, K. (2019). Fanfiction as performative criticism: Harry Potter racebending. Journal of creative writing studies, 1-15.

Prucher, J. (2007). Brave new words: The Oxford dictionary of science fiction. Oxford University Press, Inc.

Reißmann, W., Stock, M., Kaiser, S., Isenberg, V., & Nieland, J.-U. (2017). Fan (Fiction) acting on media and the politics of appropriation. Cogitatio, 15-27.

Schorn, J. (2012). Subverting pornormativity: Feminist and queer intervention. Gender Forum, 37.

Smith, B. (2016). Intersectional discrimination and theoretical perspective. The equal rights review, Sixteen, 73-102.

Sueyoshi, A. (2016). Breathing Fire: Reembering Asian Pacific American Activism in Queer History. LGBTQ America: A theme study of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer history, Washington: National Park Foundation, https://www.nps.gov/subjects/lgbtqheritage/upload/lgbtqtheme-asianpacific.pdf

Szymanski, D. M., Moffitt, L. B., & Carr, E. R. (2011). Sexual objectification of women: Advances to theory and research. The counseling psychologist 39(1), 6-38.

Tsang, D.C. (2006). Slicing Silence: Asian Progressives Come Out. Asian Americans, pp. 220-239, https://escholarship.org/content/qt4c27821c/qt4c27821c_noSplash_a869c8d9b80ec1b2224b2c7115b345a8.pdf?t=n6ez45

Tebbe, E., Moradi, B., Connelly, K., Lenzen, A., & Flores., M. (2018). “I don’t care about you as a person”: Sexual minority women objectified. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 65(1), 1-16.

Vogel, E. A., Roberts, L. R., Okdie, B. M., & Eckels, K. (2014 b). Social comparison, social media, and self-esteem. Psychology of popular media culture, 206-222.

Vogel, E. A., Rose, J. P., Okdie, B. M., & Eckels, K. (2014). Social comparison, social media, and self-esteem. Psychology of popular media culture, 3(4), 206-222.

Webster, E.S. (2019, June 03). 20 Historic Moments in the Fight for LGBTQ Rights. Teen Vogue. https://www.teenvogue.com/story/lgbt-equality-key-moments-timeline

Wilson-Kovacs, D. (2009). Some texts do it better: Women, sexually explicit texts and the everyday.’ Mainstreaming sex: The sexualization of Western culture. IB Tauris.

Williamson, H. (2015, July 29). OpenDemocracy. https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/5050/misogyny-and-homophobia-patriarchy-gender-policing-and-male-gaze/

Wong, B. (2020, December 17). Homophobia is not an Asian value. It’s time for the East to reconnect to its own traditions of tolerance. Time. https://time.com/5918808/homophobia-homosexuality-lgbt-asian-values/



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/rubikon.v8i2.69689

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 621 | views : 621

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indexed by

 Sinta Kemdikbud  Garuda logo Crossref logo  Google Scholar logo  OAI logo  Dimensions logo  JournalStories Main logo

 

View My Stats

 

ISSN & E-ISSN