Identity and Programmatic Politics in a Javanese Village Head Election: The Case of Temon Kulon, Yogyakarta

https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.52510

Irwan Harjanto(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article explores the programmatic policies used by the incumbent in Temon Kulon Village, Kulon Progo Regency, Yogyakarta, during the village chief election. It finds that, even as identity politics (particularly religion) have become an increasingly important part of Indonesian politics, some village chiefs attempted to apply programmatic politics. Although most commonly associated with higher levels of government (including municipal elections) and political parties, in this case programmatic politics was applied within a village where local traditions and culture remained strong. This article also shows that identity politics is used not only to mobilise support against non-Muslim incumbents; it is also used to contest elections through a cultural primordialism. Through analysis of qualitative and quantitative data, as well as a series of interviews and observations, this article shows that religious fundamentalism can be moderated through a combination of programmatic politics and local political identities.

Keywords


programmatic politics, identity politics, religious primordialism, village chief elections, transformative leadership

Full Text:

PDF


References

Amirin. (2018, 6 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer) Antlov, H. (2004). Citizen Participation in Local Governance: Experiences from Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines. Manila: IPD for Logolink Southeast Asia. Ardina. (2018, 7 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer) Ardina. (2018, 10 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer) Arti, W. C., & Cahyati, D. D. (2018). Dominasi Pasar dalam Rezim Perbatasan di Belu. In L. N. Bayo, W. P. Samadhi, & P. Santoso, Rezim Lokal di Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia in cooperation with PolGov Fisipol UGM and the University of Oslo. Aspinal, E. (2011). Democratization and Ethnic Politics in Indonesia: Nine Theses. Journal of East Asian Studies, 11(2): 289–319. Aspinall, E. (2005). Elections and the Normalization of Politics in Indonesia. South East Asia Research, 13(2): 117–156. Bhaskara, I. L. (2018, 11 21). Survei Komnas HAM: Diskriminasi Etnis dan Ras Masih Terus Ditolerir. Retrieved from Tirto.id: https://tirto.id/survei-komnas-ham-diskriminasi-etnis-ras-masih-terus-ditolerir-dahP Centre, T. P. (2016, 11 11). Kata Data. Retrieved from Databoks: https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2016/11/11/indonesia-negara-berpenduduk-muslim-terbesar-dunia Demos. (2005). Menjadikan Demokrasi Bermakna: Masalah dan Pilihan di Indonesia. Jakarta. Dimitar Gueorguiev, K. O., & Schuler, P. (2018). Rematch: Islamic Politics, Mobilisation, and the Indonesian Presidential Election. Political Science, 70(3): 240–252. Fakhrana, R. S. (2014, 15 November). Agama Jadi Faktor Utama Penyulut Kekerasan. Retrieved from CNN Indonesia: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20141115090933-20-11663/agama-jadi-faktor-utama-penyulut-kekerasan. Fuad, A. B. (2014). Political Identity and Election in Indonesian Democracy: A Case Study in Karang Pandan Village, Malang, Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20: 477–485. Hadiz, V., & Robison, R. (2004). Reorganising Power in Indonesia: The Politics of Oligarchy in an Age of Markets. London: Routledge Curzon. Haryanto, Bayo, L. N., & Darmawan, A. D. (2018). Rezim Lokal Pontianak: Upaya Kelompok-Kelompok Etnis Memperebutkan Negara. In P. Santoso, L. N. Bayo, & Samadhi, W. P. (ed.), Rezim Lokal di Indonesia: Memaknai Ulang Demokrasi Kita (pp. 157–180). Jakarta: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia in conjunction with PolGov Fisipol UGM and the University of Oslo. Heri. (2018, 8 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer) Kitschelt, H., & Witkinson, S. (2007). Citizen–Politician Linkages: An Introduction. In Patrons, Clients, and Policies: Pattern of Democratic Accountability and Political Competition (pp. 1–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kristiyana, R. H. (2018, 8 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer). Kurniawan, N. I., & Mas'udi, W. (2017). Programmatic Politics and Voter Preferences. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 3(39), 449–469. Mimin. (2018, 8 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer). Putra, A. S. (2018, 7 October). (I. Harjanto, interviewer). Sorense, G. (2014). Demokrasi dan Demokratisasi (Proses dan Prospek dalam Sebuah Dunia yang Sedang Berubah, disunting oleh Tajuddin Nur Effendi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar. Thompson, N. (2017, 17 November). Islam and Identity Politics in Indonesia. Retrieved from The Diplomat: https://thediplomat.com/2017/11/islam-and-identity-politics-in-indonesia/. Ufen, A. (2005). Cleavages, Electoral System and the Politicization of Islam in Indonesia and Malaysia. IIAS Newsletter, 12. Wyatt, A. (2013). Combining Clientelist and Programmatic Politics in Tamil Nadu, South India. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 51(1): 27–55.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.52510

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 422 | views : 250

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 PCD Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

web
analytics View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

       

 

 

                                © Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Gadjah Mada University Jl. Sosio-Yustisia Bulaksumur Yogyakarta 55281
                                                     Telp (0274) 563362 Ext. 150; +62 811 2515 863 - email: pcd@ugm.ac.id