Mainstreaming Modernisation Risk Politics in Indonesia’s Democratisation: Towards Public Control of Welfare and Risk in Expanding Water Access

https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.35411

Tadzkia Nurshafira(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper explores how modernisation risk politics are understood and situated in Indonesia’s democratisation, specifically in the issue of clean water provision. Taking water procurement and the expansion of palm oil industries in Pandeglang District as its case study, this paper endeavours to identify the politics of knowledge between local communities and the government in defining and minimising modernisation risks under the democratic regime. Informed by the notions of risk society introduced by Ulrich Beck (1992), dispositif by Michel Foucault (Foucault & Gordon, 1977), and transformative democracy by Harris, Stokke, & Törnquist (2004) and Törnquist & Warouw (2009), this article argues that certain knowledge of risk shapes and conditions existing democratic institutions and actors’ will-capacity in expanding water access. That means that the calculation of risk is strongly influenced by the politics of knowledge, including in identifying what is considered ‘risk’, as well as what is considered ‘agent’ and ‘institution’ relevant to minimising the impact of risk. The politics of knowledge represents the contestation between certain risk dispositif and its alternative, which embodies the exercise of power and is followed by certain technologies of government as material embodiments of such rationality.


Keywords


modernisation risks; welfare distribution; transformative democratic politics; politics of knowledge

Full Text:

PDF


References

Adam, B., Beck, U., & van Loon, J. (2000). The risk society and beyond: critical issues for social theory. London: SAGE Publications ltd. doi: 10.4135/9781446219539

Aradau, C., & van Munster, R. (2007). Governing terrorism through risk: taking precautions, (un)knowing the future. European Journal of International Relations, 13(1), 89–115. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354066107074290

Aradau, C., & van Munster, R. (2008). Taming the future: the dispositif of risk in the war on terror. In L. Amoore & M. D. Goede (Eds.). Risk and the war on terror (pp.23-40). London, New York: Routledge.

Aradau, C., & van Munster, R. (2011). Politics of catastrophe: genealogies of the unknown. London, New York: Routledge.

Barus, H. (2018). Hilirisasi industri sawit percepat pertumbuhan ekonomi. Industrycoid. Retrieved from http://www.industry.co.id

Beck, U. (1992). Risk society: towards a new modernity. London; Newbury Park, California: Sage Publications.

Beck, U. (1994). The reinvention of politics: towards a theory of reflexive modernization. in U. Beck, A. Giddens and S. Lash (Eds.). Reexive Modernization (pp.1-55). Cambridge: Polity Press.

Beck, U. (2000). Risk society revisited: theory, politics and research programmes. in B. Adam, U. Beck, & J. van Loon (2000). The risk society and beyond: critical issues for social theory (pp.211-229). London: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/9781446219539, 211-229

Beck, U. (2009). World at risk. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Caplan, P. (ed.). (2000). Risk revisited. London; Sterling, Virginia: Pluto Press. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt18fsbr6

Dean, M. (1998). Risk, calculable and incalculable. Soziale welt: zeitschrift für sozialwissenschaftliche forschung und praxis, 49(1), 25–42.

Dean, M. (1999). Governmentality: power and rule in modern society (2nd ed.). London, Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE.

Djani, L., Törnquist, O., Tanjung, O. & Tjandra, S. (2017). Dilemmas of populist transactionalism. Yogyakarta: PolGov Publishing.

Foucault, M., & Gordon, C. (1977). Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977 (1st American ed.). New York: Pantheon Books.

GAPKI Indonesian Palm Oil Association. (2018). Perkembangan mutakhir industri minyak sawit Indonesia. Retrieved from https://gapki.id/news/3971/perkembangan-mutakhir-industri-minyak-sawit-indonesia

Harriss, J., Stokke, K., & Törnquist, O. (Eds.). (2004). Politicising democracy: the new local politics and democratisation. Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Indonesian palm oil export hit record high. (2018, 29 August). Retrieved from https://www.bpdp.or.id/en/berita/ekspor-minyak-sawit-indonesia-catat-rekor-tertinggi/

Lupton, D. (Ed.). (1999). Risk and sociocultural theory: new directions and perspectives. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Merten, J., Roll, A., Tarigan, S., Hölscher, D., & Hein, J. (2017). Expanding Oil Palm Cultivation in Indonesia: Changing Local Water Cycles Raises Risks of Droughts and Floods. Briefing Paper 1/2017. German Development Institute. Retrieved from https://www.die-gdi.de/uploads/media/BP_1.2017.pdf.

Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia. (2017). Kelapa sawit Indonesia semakin menjadi andalan ekonomi nasional. Retrieved from https://pse.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ind/index.php/22-informasi-berita/228-kelapa-sawit-indonesia-semakin-menjadi-andalan-ekonomi-nasional.

Mythen, G. (2004). Ulrich Beck: a critical introduction to the risk society. London; Sterling, Virginia: Pluto Press.

O'Malley, P. (1992). Risk, power and crime prevention. Economy and Society, 21(3), 252–275. https://doi.org/10.1080/03085149200000013

O'Malley, P. (2004). Risk, uncertainty, and government. London, Portland: GlassHouse.

Overview of PTPN VIII, Kebun Sanghyangdamar Pandeglang, 1996.

Priyono, A. E., Samadhi, W. P., Törnquist, O., & Birks, T. (2007). Making democracy meaningful: problems and options in Indonesia (1st ed.). Jakarta: Demos.

Rasborg, K. (2012). '(World) risk society' or 'new rationalities of risk'? A critical discussion of Ulrich Beck's theory of reflexive modernity. Thesis Eleven, 108(1), 3–25. https://doi.org/10.1177/0725513611421479.

Rose, N. S. (2004). Powers of freedom: reframing political thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rose, N., & Miller, P. (1992). Political power beyond the state: problematics of government. The British Journal of Sociology, 43(2), 173. https://doi.org/10.2307/591464.

Samadhi, W. P., & Warouw, N. (eds.). (2009). Building democracy on the sand: advances and setbacks in Indonesia. Sleman, Indonesia: Jakarta: PCD Press; Demos.

Sørensen, M.P. (2018). Ulrich Beck: exploring and contesting risk. Journal of Risk Research, 21(1), 6–16. https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2017.1359204.

Stokke, K., & Törnquist, O. (eds.). (2013). Democratization in the Global South: the importance of transformative politics. Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Törnquist, O. (2013). Assessing dynamics of democratisation: transformative politics, new institutions, and the case of Indonesia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Törnquist, O. & Warouw, N. (2009). Memahami demokrasi: beberapa catatan pendahuluan tentang konsep dan metode. in W.P. Samadhi & N. Warouw (Eds.). (2009). Building democracy on the sand: advances and setbacks in Indonesia (pp.19-44). Sleman, Indonesia; Jakarta: PCD Press; Demos.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.35411

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 706 | views : 518

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 PCD Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

web
analytics View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

       

 

 

                                © Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Gadjah Mada University Jl. Sosio-Yustisia Bulaksumur Yogyakarta 55281
                                                     Telp (0274) 563362 Ext. 150; +62 811 2515 863 - email: pcd@ugm.ac.id