Re-examining the Role of Youths in Independent Political Movements: The Case of Jogja Independent

https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.35203

Desiana Rizka Fimmastuti(1*)

(1) Research Centre for Politics and Government Fisipol Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article discusses the involvement of  youths in independent political movements since Indonesia’s political reform. Political reform became important to be elaborated cause the opening of political space in both political parties and civil society, including for youths. However, this ideal has not been realised, as political parties have been limited by several pathologies and the lack of  inclusivity. In the other hand, the establish of  independent movements have created alternative spaces for political activity, including for youths. Applying a Bourdieuan perspective, this article examines the habitus and capital evident within such independent movements’ political interactions. This article examined the youths in the Jogja Independent Movement (Gerakan Jogja Independent, JOINT), one independent political movement that has been involved in mayoral elections in Yogyakarta City. The exclusivity of  political parties has led the movement to gather public support by collecting identity cards and public donations. Although no longer extant, the movement can still be understood as an arena for interactions between openly recruited volunteers and initiators. This study finds that youths have been unable to become agents and voice their own interests. Elitism continues to pose an obstacle to youths’ political involvement, as positions of  power remain dominated by a small group of  elites. Youths, having become involved through open recruitment, have yet  to become capable of  cross-field movement as they lack the capital of  their closed-recruitment peers. At the same time, the academic habitus of  these volunteers is incongruent with the political field, leading many youths to leave the movement. Political space being dominated by a small group of  elites further limits their available space. The decreasing number of volunteers indicates that JOINT was unable to ensure sustained membership, leading to its ultimate failure.

Keywords


youth politics; independent political movement; political space

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.35203

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