From Populism to Democratic Polity: Problems and Challenges in Surakarta, Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.25740

Pratikno Pratikno(1*), Cornelis Lay(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper discusses democratisation practiced in Surakarta, Indonesia, which has been claimed by many experts as a municipality with "best practices" of democratic local governance in Indonesia. Their analyses focus on the actors and claim that participation is a possible way of crafting stable democracy. This participation in turn, they suggest, is a result of decentralisation which thus strengthen local democracy. Presenting the civil society participation and the decentralisation in the city of Surakarta, this paper shows that what actually happens is otherwise. It argues that the rise of popular participation was rooted in contentious local politics. Besides, the constitution of the new forms of popular representation are not supported by, and produced within, a clear ideological framework from the people in Surakarta.

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aspinall, E. & Fealy, G. (2003) Local Power and Politics in Indonesia: Decentralization and Democratization. Singapore: ISEAS.

Avritzer, L. (2002) Democracy and Public Space in Latin America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Baiocchi, G. (2003) Participation, Activism, and Politics: the Porto Alegre Experiment. In A. Fung & E.O. Wright, eds. Deepening Democracy, Institutional Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance. London and New York: Verso.

Bank, W. (1997) World Development Report 1997: The State in a Changing World. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bank, W. (2000) Working Together: The World Bank’s Partnership with Civil Society. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Benhabib, S., ed. (1996) Democracy and Difference: Contesting Boundaries of the Political. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Budiman, A. & Törnquist, O. (2001) Aktor Demokrasi: Catatan tentang Gerakan Perlawanan di Indonesia. Jakarta. Cheema, S. & Rondinelli, D., eds. (2007) Decentralising Governance: Emerging Concepts and Practices. Washington: Brooking Institution Press.

Crib, R. (1990) The Indonesian Killings 1965-1966: Studies from Java and Bali. Monash: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies.

Dwipayana, A.A. (2004) Bangsawan dan Kuasa: Kembalinya Para Ningrat di Dua Kota. Yogyakarta: IRE Press.

Dyrberg, T. (1997) The Circular Structure of Power: Politics, Identity, Community. London: Verso.

Erb, M. & Sulistiyanto, P. (2009) Deepening Democracy in Indonesia? Direct Elections for Local Leaders (Pilkada). Singapore: ISEAS Publishing.

Fauzi, N. (1999) Petani & Penguasa: Dinamika Perjalanan Politik Agraria Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ferguson, J. (1994) The Anti-politics Machine: Development, Depoliticisation and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Fine, B. (2001) Social Capital and Social Theory. London: Routledge.

Fine, B., Lapavitsas, C. & Pincus, J., eds. (2003) Development Policy in the Twenty-fisrts

Century: Beyond the Washington Consensus. London: Routledge.

Hadiz, V.R. (2010) Localising Power in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: A Souteast Asian Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Handayani, S. (2006) Merajut Harapan Menuju Perubahan. Solo: KOMPIP Solo and The Ford Foundation.

Handayani, S. (2006) Pelibatan Masyarakat Marginal dalam Perencanaan dan Penganggaran Partisipatif (SebuahPengalaman di Kota Solo). Solo: KOMPIP.

Harris, J. (2002) Depolitising Development: The World Bank and Social Capital. London: Routledge.

Harris, J., Stokke, K. & Törnquist, O. (2004) Politicising Democracy: The New Local Politics of Democratization. London: Palgrave.

Histiralludin, M. (2004) Bergumul Bersama Masyarakat: Berbagi Cerita Proses Perencanaan Partisipatif di Kota Solo. Solo: IPGI Solo.

Isaac, T.M.T. & Franke, R.W. (2002) Local Democracy and Development; The Kerala Peoples’s Campaign for Decentralized Planning. Boston: Rowman& Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Laclau, E. (2005) On Populist Reason. London: Verso.

Laclau, E. & Mouffe, C. (1985) Hegemony and Socialist Strategy: Towards a Radical Democratic Politics. London: Verso.

Larson, G.D. (1990) Masa Menjelang Revolusi: Keraton dan Kehidupan Politik di Surakarta 1912-1942. Yogyakarta: UGM Press.

Lay, C. (2000) Eksekutif and Legislatif Daerah: Penelitian tentang Potensi Konflik antara DPRD and Birokrasi di Daerah. Research Report. Jakarta: Kemenristek & LIPI.

Lay, C. (2010) Broken Linkages: A Preliminary Study on ParliamentCSOs Linkages in Indonesia. In Panel on “Indonesian Democracy in Comparative Perspective” at Euroseas. Guttenberg, 26–28 August.

Manor, J. (2010) Beyond Clientelism: Digvijay Singh’s Participatory Pro-Poor Strategy in Madhya Pradesh. In Price, P. & EngelsenRuud, A. Power and Influence in India: Bosses, Lords and Captains. London, New York and New Delhi: Routledge.

Nordholt, H.S. (2004) Decentralization in Indonesia: Less State: More Democracy? In

Harriss, J., Stokke, K. & Törnquist, O. Politicising Democracy. The New Local Politics of Democracy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 

Nordholt, H.S. & van Klinken, G., eds. (2007) Renegotiating Boundaries: Local Politics in Post-Suharto Indonesia. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Pemberton, J. (2003) “Jawa”: On the Subject of “Java”. Jakarta: Mata Bangsa.

Pratikno (2005) Initiating Citizen Participation in Local Policy Making in Indonesia:The Case of Surakarta Municipality in the Post Authoritarian Regime, 1999-2002. In Conference on Participatory Planning and Budgeting in America and Asia, Tokyo and Kobe.

Priyono, A., Samadhi, W.P. & Törnquist, O. (2007) Making Democracy Meaningful: Problems and Options in Indonesia. Jakarta: Demos.

Putnam, R. (1993) Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Rifai, A., Gunawan, P., Bachry, S. & Kartika G., V. (2009) Geliat Partisipasi Kelompok Sektoral: Studi Kasus Kota Surakarta. In Suhirman, ed. Partisipasi, Reformasi Kelembagaan, dan Alokasi Penganggaran: Pelajaran dari Lima Daerah. Bandung: FPPM and Yayasan Tifa.

Robison, R. & Hadiz, V.R. (2004) Reorganising Power in Indonesia: The Politics of Oligarchy in an Age of Markets. London: Routledge Curzon.

Samadhi, W.P. & Warouw, N., eds. (2009) Building Democracy On The Sand: Advances and Setbacks in Indonesia. Yogyakarta & Jakarta: Demos-PCD Press.

Shiraishi, T. (1997) Zaman Bergerak: Radikalisme Rakyat di Jawa 1912-1926. Jakarta: Pustaka Utama Grafiti.

Sidel, J.T. (1999) Capital, Coercion, and Crime; Bossism in the Philippines. California: Stanford University Press.

Suhartono (1991) Apanage dan Bekel: Perubahan Sosial di Pedesaan Surakarta 1830-1920. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Suhirman (2009) Partisipasi, Reformasi Kelembagaan and Alokasi Anggaran: Pembelajaran dari Lima Daerah. Bandung: FPPM & Yayasan Tifa.

Tharakan, P.K.M. (2004) Historical Hurdles in the Course of the People’s Planning Campaign in Kerala, India. In Harris, J., Stokke, K. & Törnquist, O. Politicising Democracy. The New Local Politics of Democratisation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Törnquist, O. (2009) Power, Conflict and Democracy: The Analytical Framework. PCD Journal, Vol. 1 No. 1-2(Approaching Conflict and Democracy in South and Southeast Asia).

Törnquist, O., Webster, N. & Stokke, K. (2010) Rethinking Popular Representation. London: Palgrave.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/pcd.25740

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 562 | views : 503

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Power, Conflict and Democracy Journal

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

web
analytics View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

       

 

 

                                © Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Gadjah Mada University Jl. Sosio-Yustisia Bulaksumur Yogyakarta 55281
                                                     Telp (0274) 563362 Ext. 150; +62 811 2515 863 - email: pcd@ugm.ac.id