Kekerasan Terhadap Golongan Tionghoa pada Masa Revolusi di Malang, 1945–1949

https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.80455

Geza Surya Pratiwi(1*)

(1) Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This article discusses mass-violence during the revolutionary period directed to the Chinese, who were considered to have received economic and political benefits during the colonial period. It aims to examine the roots of violence perpetrated against the Chinese since the Dutch colonial period in the city of Malang. To do so, this study uses primary sources such as archives, newspapers and photographs that were produced during the revolutionary period. In addition, this study also collected oral history through interviews with the survivors and other related parties. Based on the conducted research, it was found out that the violence against the Chinese during the revolution period in Malang occurred as a result of the accumulation of anger among the local population over the injustice policy of the colonial government benefitting the Chinese economically as well as politically.


Keywords


Chinese; Malang; revolution era; violence; kekerasan; revolusi; Tionghoa

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References

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Sumber-sumber Internet

https://www.nationaalarchief.nl/onderzoeken/fotocollectie/aef4cf02-d0b4-102d-bcf8-003048976d84?searchKey=5e4eac8902658a4d5cff9aadfc3785a6 diakses pada 10 April 2022 pukul 20.55

https://www.nationaalarchief.nl/onderzoeken/fotocollectie/1a0b0326-fda3-60d3-4692-2906f686c5c0?searchKey=5e4eac8902658a4d5cff9aadfc3785a6 diakses pada 10 April 2022 pukul 20.58 WIB

https://www.nationaalarchief.nl/onderzoeken/fotocollectie/19a87d12-62be-dfa7-de6d-f3611c079bc1?searchKey=5e4eac8902658a4d5cff9aadfc3785a6 diakses pada 10 April 2022 pukul 21.05 WIB

https://www.nationaalarchief.nl/onderzoeken/fotocollectie/5fa42259-ee89-5991-49c1-7b738aca50e1?searchKey=5e4eac8902658a4d5cff9aadfc3785a6 diakses pada 10 April 2022 pukul 21.23 WIB

Wawancara Lisan

Wawancara dengan Bp. Anton Triyono (Pengurus Klenteng Eng An Kiong Malang) di Malang pada 8 Mei 2017 pukul 10.50.

Wawancara dengan pak Chambali Soewito atau Lie Giok Sing (Pengurus Yayasan Kematian Panca Budhi) pada 9 Mei 2017 pukul 09.45 WIB
Wawancara dengan Mbah Fatimah (usia 80 tahun) 13 Mei 2017 pukul 10.31 WIB



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.80455

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