Geliat Ekonomi Masyarakat Priangan Era Pemerintahan Hindia Belanda 1900—1942

https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.33544

Sri Ana Handayani(1*)

(1) 
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The aim of this research is to show the economic activity of the Priangan people during the rule of the Netherlands Indies Government between 1900-1940. The research focusses on the economic policies and discussions from the Netherlands Indies Government in reforming “native” economic life and its response by Priangan society. This study uses the historical method with four research stages, namely heuristic, criticism, interpretation, and historiography. The result of this research shows that state intervention in the local economic life was a failure, evidenced by the number of Priangan people in poverty. In the early twentieth century, sikep (landlord) became major reformers due to a new perspective that valued capital more than land . They succeeded to use their capital to develop micro industries, influencing the economic life of Priangan society. The society was able to creatively adapt to the new policy of economic liberalism. Based on their local wisdoms, the Priangan people created a new form of liberalism supported within their socio-cultural, economic, and political structures. This local liberalism formed the pattern of dynamic economic behaviour and nurtured the entrepreneurial spirit amongst the Priangan society.


Keywords


Priangan; liberalism; micro industry; enterprenurial spirit; liberalisme; industri kecil; jiwa kewirausahaan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/lembaran-sejarah.33544

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