Institutional Reforms of the Guided Democracy (1957-1965)

Farabi Fakih(1*)

(*) Corresponding Author


Guided Democracy implemented a series of institutional reforms meant to coordinate national planning and control the civil service. I argue that the development of new institutions may allow for the formation of the New Order state. The article looks at how a highly politicized and very ineffcient state was a precursor to Indonesia’s twentieth- century developmental state. Understanding more about the Guided Democracy state is essential in understanding the New Order state, and thus Indonesian post-colonial history.


Institutions, Guided Democracy, decolonization

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