MENGUKUR TINGKAT MOTIVASI MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PEMANFAATAN PEKARANGAN UNTUK PERTANIAN PERKOTAAN DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.41013

Defira Suci Gusfarina(1*), Irham Irham(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Urban agriculture continues to grow in relation to environmental, economic, health and social issues, including in the city of Yogyakarta. The people of Yogyakarta City use the yard to grow vegetables and fruit. The economic, social, cultural, and psychological conditions of each household vary to be able to implement an innovation. In order to achieve sustainable yard utilization, the utilization of the yard must adjust to the motivation of the community. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of environmental, economic, health and social motivation of the community in utilizing the yard for farming. This study uses descriptive research methods with qualitative approaches and survey techniques using a questionnaire on 113 respondents. Motivation is measured using Likert scale from item statements. Each statement is given a score of 1 to 5 according to the answers provided. These answers are calculated, made into percentage and an interval scales is used as the reference for high, medium and low category. The results showed that the motivation of the people of Yogyakarta City sequentially from high to low were health motivation, environmental motivation, social/community motivation and economic motivation. Agricultural planning and policy in cities, especially in the yard, must pay special attention to multifunctional farming practices that are environmentally friendly as suppliers of healthy food for families, become a recreation area and a place for socializing and selfdevelopment so that leisure time become more productive.


Keywords


Motivation; Urban agriculture; Yard

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agbayani A.L.P, R. J. Holmer, G. E. Potutan, dan W. H. Schnitzler. 2001. Quality and Quantity Requirements for Vegetables by Private Households, Vendors and Institutional Users in a Philippine Urban Setting. Urban Agriculture Magazine, 5 : 56–57.

Andiani, R. Harsoyo dan Subejo. 2019. Motivasi Warga dalam Pelaksanaan Program Demplot Urban Farming di Kawasan Kampung Marunda Kecamatan Cilincing Jakarta Utara. Agritech: Jurnal Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto, 20(2): 49-60.

Ashari, Saptana,  dan T. B. Purwantini.  2012. Potential Use of Backyard Land for Food Security. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 30(1): 13–30.

Battersby, J. dan M. Marshak. 2013. Growing Communities: Integrating the Social and Economic Benefits of Urban Agriculture in Cape Town. Urban Forum, 24(4): 447–461.

Ciftcioglu, G. C. 2017. Assessment Of The Resilience of Socio-Ecological Production Landscapes and Seascapes: A Case Study From Lefke Region of North Cyprus. Ecological Indicators, 73: 128 –138.

Corrigan, M. P. 2011. Growing What You Eat: Developing Community Gardens in Baltimore, Maryland. Applied Geography, 31(4): 1232–1241.

Dubbeling, M. dan de Zeeuw, H. 2011. Urban Agriculture and Climate Change Adaptation: Ensuring Food Security Through Adaptation. Resilient Cities, 441–449.

Dunn, A. D. 2010. Siting Green Infrastructure: Legal and Policy Solutions to Alleviate Urban Poverty and Promote Healthy Communities. Environmental Affairs Law Review, 37(1): 41–67.

Egli, V., M. Oliver, dan E. Tautolo. 2016. The Development of a Model of Community Garden Benefits to Wellbeing. Preventive Medicine Reports, 3: 348 –352.

Gauder, M., H. Hagel. N. Gollmann, J. Stangle, R. Doluschitz, dan W. Claupein.  2017. Motivation and Background of Participants and Providers of Self-Harvest Gardens in Germany. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 1-9.

Gray, L., P. Guzman, K. M. Glowa, dan A. G. Drevno. 2014. Can Home Gardens Scale Up Into Movements for Social Change ? The Role Of Home Gardens in Providing Food Security and Community Change in San Jose, California. Local Environment: The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 19 (20): 187–203.

Guitart, D., C. Pickering, dan J. Byrne. 2012. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening Past Results and Future Directions in Urban Community Gardens Research. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 11(4): 364–373.

Holmer, R. 2015. Community-Based Vegetable Production Systems : An Answer to the Food and Sanitation Crisis of Urban Poor in the Philippines ? Community-Based Vegetable Production Systems : An Answer to the Food and Sanitation Crisis of Urban Poor in the Philippines ?. Acta horticulturae, 881: 125–130.

Horst, M., N. McClintock, and L. Hoey. 2017. The Intersection of A Review of the Literature. Journal of the American Planning Association, 83 (3): 277–295.

Hovorka, A. 2008. Transspecies Urban Theory: Chickens in an African City. Cultural Geographies, 15 (1): 95–117.

Hubert, D. B., P. Laurent, and P. Moustier. 2010. Review Article Sustainable Urban Agriculture in Developing Countries. A Review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 30 (1): 21–32.

 Mazumdar, S. dan S. Mazumdar. 2012. Immigrant Home Gardens: Places of Religion, Culture, Ecology, and Family. Landscape and Urban Planning, 105(3) : 258–265.

Mcclintock, N. 2010. Why Farm The City ? Theorizing Urban Agriculture Through a Lens of Metabolic Rift. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3(2): 191–207.

Metalisa, R., A. Saleh dan P. Tjitopranoto. 2014. The Role of Women Farmers Group Leader Toward The Sustainability Gardening. Jurnal Penyuluhan, 10(2): 158–170.

Mohri, H., S. Lahoti, O. Saito, A. Mahaligam, N. Gunatilleke, Irham, V. T., Hoang, G. Hitinayak, K. Takaechi dan S. Herath. 2013. Assessment of Ecosystem Services in Homegarden Systems in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam.  Ecosystem Services, 5: 124–136.

Mulato, F. 2008. Ketersediaan Ruang Terbuka Publik dengan Aktivitas Rekreasi Masyarakat Penghuni Perumnas Banyumanik. Skripsi. Semarang : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro.

Poulsen, M. N. 2017. Cultivating Citizenship, Equity, and Social Inclusion ? Putting Civic Agriculture Into Practice Through Urban Farming. Agriculture and Human Values, 34(1): 135–148.

Putri, A. S. 2017. Analisis Pemanfaatan Lahan Pekarangan di Desa Tamantirto Kabupaten Bantul Yogyakarta. Skripsi. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor

Rezai, G., M. N. Shamsudin dan Z. Mohamed. 2016. Urban Agriculture: A Way Forward to Food and Nutrition Security in Malaysia. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 216 : 39–45.

Saptana, Sunarsih, dan S. Friyatno. 2013. Prospect of the Model of Sustainable Food Houses Region ( M-KRPL ) and Its KRPL Replication. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi, 31(1) 67–88.

Setyowati, D. L. 2008. Iklim Mikro dan Kebutuhan Ruang Terbuka Hijau di Kota Semarang.  Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 15(3): 125–140.

Simatele, D. M. and T. Binns. 2008. Motivation and Marginalization in African Urban Agriculture: The Case of Lusaka, Zambia. Urban Forum, 19(1): 1–21.

Specht, K., T. Weith, K. Swoboda dan R. Siebert. 2016. Socially Acceptable Urban Agriculture Businesses. Agronomy for Sustainable Development,  36(1): 1–14.

Sugiyono. 2010. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Sulistyawati, E dan Nugraha, R. 2015. Efektivitas Kompos Sampah Perkotaan sebagai Pupuk Organik. Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati. Diakses pada tanggal 20 Februari 2018. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/267947725%0AEFEKTIVITAS

Trendov, N. M. 2018. Annals of Agrarian Science Comparative Study on The Motivations that Drive Urban Community Gardens in Central Eastern Europe. Annals of Agrarian Sciences, 16(1): 85–89.

Turner, B. 2011. Embodied Connections: Sustainability, Food Systems and Community Gardens. Local Environment :The International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, 16(6): 509–522. 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.41013

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 266 | views : 205

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Defira Suci Gusfarina and Irham

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kawistara is published by the Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada.


Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Kawistara