RELIGIOUS LEADER AND CHARISMATIC LEADERSHIP IN INDONESIA:THE ROLE OF KYAI IN PESANTREN IN JAVA

https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.3977

Ferry Muhammadsyah Siregar(1*)

(1) Inter-Religious Study Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This paper discusses on the role of the kyai in pesantren in Java. It addresses on the roles of religious
leader in pesantren. It applies Max Weber’s concept on religious leadership and charisma. It uses
qualitative data for analysis of materials collected from observations and library research. This research
􀃀nds that the structures and patterns of leadership and power of Kyai within pesantren are strong in
which kyai is positioned as the main 􀃀gure. It can be seen on how a kyai build his strategic role as the
non-formal leader in society through intensive communication with the people. The charisma of a kyai
also gains people’s support, to some extents, caused by his moral stability and faith quality. This process
at 􀃀rst starts from the nearest group around the pesantren and then spread out to distant places.

Keywords


Religious Leader, Charismatic Leadership, Charisma, Role of Kyai, Pesantren.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.3977

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