DAYA SAING DAN SENSITIVITAS USAHATANI JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN PACITAN

https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.38363

Lorenta In Haryanto(1*), Masyhuri Masyhuri(2), Irham Irham(3)

(1) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Strengthening competitiveness is an important factor in facing the growth of international trade in commodity markets, especially for maize as feed commodities.This research aims to: (1) analyze the level of profit and competitiveness of maize farming, (2) investigate farming components affecting competitiveness, and (3) analyze sensitivity level of profit and competitiveness towards the changes. Data were processed using PAM (Policy Analysis Matrix) and sensitivity analysis. The research was conducted on March- May 2018 in Pacitan with 102 maize farmers as sample respondents, collected proportionally. Sensitivity analysis observed four changes, i.e; increase of purchase price, the structure of labor, optimization of maize productivity, and weakening of rupiah exchange rate. Research findings indicated that (1) maize farming in Pacitan does not generate either financial or economic profits, as well as competitiveness, as shown by PCR and DRCR accounting for 1,033 and 1,024 respectively; (2) the component influencing competitive advantages is purchase price and component influencing comparative advantages is rupiah exchange rate; components simultaneously influencing both advantages are structure of labor and maize productivity; (3) the sensitivity analysis proves that the changes of profit are elastic towards the changes of four components indicated by elasticity indicator with a value of more than one. The changes of competitiveness are elastic only for purchase price, but for other components they are inelastic.


Keywords


Comparative advantages; Competitive advantages; Competitiveness; Maize; sensitivity

Full Text:

PDF


References

Agustian, A. dan Hartoyo, S. (2012) ‘Pendugaan Elastisitas Penawaran Output dan Permintaan Input Usahatani Jagung’, Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan, 13(2), pp. 247–259.

Aldila, H. F., Fariyanti, A. dan Tinaprilla, N. (2017) ‘Daya Saing Bawang Merah di Wilayah Sentra Produksi di Indonesia’, Jurnal Manajemen dan Agribisnis, 14(1), pp. 43–53. doi: 10.17358/jma.14.1.43.

Breierova, L. dan Choudhari, M. (1996) An Introduction to Sensitivity Analysis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2009.03.004.

Ekasingh, B., Gypmantasiri, P. dan Thong-ngam, K. (2001) ‘Maize Farming in Marginal Areas of Thailand: Evidence from the Fields, 2000’, CIMMYT: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo, 1(1), pp. 1–22.

Lalu, M. S. dan Syuryawati (2017) ‘Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Usahatani Jagung di Lahan Sawah dan Lahan Kering’, Balai Penelitian Tanaman Serelia, 20(1), pp. 81–90.

Monke, E. A. dan Pearson, S. R. (1989) The Policy Analysis Matrix For Agricultural Development. California: Cornell University Press Ithaca.

Nurwahidah, S. Darwanto, D. H., Masyhuri, dan Waluyati, L. R. (2015) ‘Efficiency and Competitiveness of Corn Farming in Sumbawa Regency’, IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science Ver. I, 8(11), pp. 2319–2372. doi: 10.9790/2380-081113947.

Panjaitan, R. C. V., Maryani dan Husaini (2016) ‘Komparatif Pemanfaatan Mekanisasi Pertanian Usahatani Padi di Desa Tabing Rimbah Kecamatan Mandastana Kabupaten Barito Kuala, Kalimantan Selatan’, in Seminar Nasional Lahan Basah Tahun 2016. Banjarmasin: Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, pp. 200–204.

Rahman, S. Kazal, M. M. H., Begum, I. A., dan Alam, M. J. (2016) ‘Competitiveness, Profitability, Input Demand and Output Supply of Maize Production in Bangladesh’, Agriculture, 6(2), p. 21. doi: 10.3390/agriculture6020021.

Rusastra, I. W., B. Rachman, & S. Friyatno. 2004. Analisis Daya Saing dan Stuktur Proteksi Komoditas Palawija, in Prodising Efisiensi dan Daya Saing Sistem Usahatani Beberapa Komoditas Pertanian di Lahan Sawah pp. 28–49.

Suhardedi, C., Darwanto, D. H. dan Irham (2017) ‘Competitiveness Rice Farming in Sragen Regency’, Agro Ekonomi, 28(1), pp. 19–31. doi: https://doi.org/10.22146/jae.24584.

Suryana, A. dan Agustian, A. (2014) ‘Analisis Daya saing Usahatani Jagung di Indonesia’, Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian, 12(2), pp. 143–156.

Suryani, E., Hartoyo, S., Sinaga, B. M., dan Sumaryanto, N. F. N. (2015) ‘Pendugaan Elastisitas Penawaran Output dan Permintaan Input pada Usaha Tani Padi dan Jagung: Pendekatan Multiinput-Multioutput’, Agro Ekonomi, 33(2), pp. 91–106. doi: 10.21082/jae.v33n2.2015.91-106.

Sutoro (2015) ‘Determinan Agronomis Produktivitas Jagung (The Agronomic Factors Determining Maize Productivity)’, Iptek Tanaman Pangan, 10(1), pp. 39–46.

Tahir, A. G. (2017) ‘Analisis Pendapatan Usahatani Jagung pada Lahan Sawah dan Tegalan di Kecamatan Ulaweng, Kabupaten Bone Sulawesi Selatan’, Jurnal Galung Tropika, 6(1), pp. 1–11.

Taufik, M., Maintang dan Nappu, M. B. (2015) ‘Kelayakan Usahatani Jagung di Sulawesi Selatan’, Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian, 18(1), pp. 67–80.

Wanto, S. H. (2012) ‘Analisis Daya Saing Kakao Indonesia’, in Seminar Nasional & Temu Ilmiah Jaringan Peneliti. IAI Darussalam Blokagung Banyuwang, pp. 434–441.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.38363

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 479 | views : 720

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Lorenta In Haryanto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Kawistara is published by the Graduate School, Universitas Gadjah Mada.


Copyright © 2019 Jurnal Kawistara