Rama sebagai penjaga kehidupan dalam relief ramayana prambanan

https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.22991

Hanggar Budi Prasetya(1*), Wisma Nugraha Christianta(2)

(1) Fakultas Seni Pertunjukan, Institut Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study describes four reliefs of Ramayana Prambanan which depicts the event that Ade been
experienced and performed by Rama as affirmation that he is the incarnation of Vishnu ―the god of the
preserver. The designer and sculptor of those reliefs considered that this event was important. From
the twenty-four of Ramayana’s relief panels, there are four relief panels which depict this event. Data
was collected by observing the entire Ramayana reliefs in Shiva temple and Brahma, in the Prambanan
complex. Relief was read by using the Flat Time Space (RWD) theory and compared with the text
of the Old Javanese Ramayana (RJK). RJK text was used as a comparison, because the manufacture
and the writings of RJK relief were made in the same period in nine centuries. It was conceivable that
both of them were made from the same source. Based on the result, it can be concluded that the event
performed by Rama asserts that he is the incarnation of Vishnu. As the incarnation of Vishnu, Rama is
able to purify and to preserve life.


Keywords


Prambanan; Rama; Relief; RJK; RWD; Visnhu

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.22991

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