The Effect of Herbicides and Cultivation Systems on Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Yield

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.73339

Uum Umiyati(1*), Dedi Widayat(2), Kezia Putri Natasya(3)

(1) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jln. Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM 21, Jatinangor, West Java 45363 Indonesia
(2) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jln. Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM 21, Jatinangor, West Java 45363 Indonesia
(3) Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jln. Raya Bandung-Sumedang KM 21, Jatinangor, West Java 45363 Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The rice cultivation systems commonly used by farmers are the transplanted (called ‘Tapin’) and the direct-seeded (called ‘Tabela’) system. The Tabela system has many advantages over the Tapin system but has a weakness: the increase in weed population due to water conditions during transplantation. Therefore, weed management is necessary to increase rice yields. One way to control weeds is by applying herbicides. Using a single active ingredient herbicide continuously increases the chances for weeds to develop resistance against these active ingredients. Therefore, mixing herbicides with different active ingredients can be an alternative to improve weed management. This study aims to determine the effect of weed control and cropping systems to suppress weeds and provide the highest growth and rice yield. The research was conducted at the Agricultural Training and Development Research Center (Sanggar Penelitian Latihan dan Pengembangan Pertanian [SPLPP]) of the Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Ciparay, Bandung Regency. This research was designed as a separate plot design with ten treatments and three replications with the main plot of cropping system and subplots of weed control. Weed management treatments consisted of bensulfuron-methyl 12% and bispyribac-sodium 18%; penoxsulam 15 g/L and pretilachlor 385 g/L; cyhalofop-butyl 100 g/L; manual weeding; and untreated control. Results that showed significant differences were tested using Duncan's test (DMRT) with α = 5%. Results showed that the Tabela system combined with bensulfuron-methyl 12% and bispyribac-sodium 18% suppressed weed growth and provided good growth and rice yield.


Keywords


cropping system; herbicide; Tabela; Tapin; weeding

Full Text:

PDF


References

Badan Penyuluhan dan Pengembangan SDM Pertanian. (2015). Pelatihan Teknis Budidaya Jagung Bagi Penyuluh Pertanian dan Babinsa. Jakarta, Indonesia: Badan Penyuluhan dan Pengembangan SDM Pertanian (BPPSDMP).

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2021). Luas Panen Padi pada Tahun 2020 Mengalami Penurunan Dibandingkan Tahun 2019 Sebesar 0,19 persen dan Produksi Padi pada Tahun 2020 Mengalami Kenaikan Dibandingkan Tahun 2019 Sebesar 0,08 Persen. Retrieved from https://www.bps.go.id/pressrelease/2021/03/01/1855/luas-panen-padi-pada-tahun-2020-mengalami-penurunan-dibandingkan-tahun-2019-sebesar-0-19-persen-dan-produksi-padi-pada-tahun-2020-mengalami-kenaikan-dibandingkan-tahun-2019-sebesar-0-08-persen.html

Guntoro, D., & Fitri, T.Y. (2013). Aktivitas Herbisida Campuran Bahan Aktif Cyhalofop-Butil dan Penoxsulam terhadap Beberapa Jenis Gulma Padi Sawah. Buletin Agrohorti, 1(1), 140–148. Retrieved from https://journal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/bulagron/article/view/6302/

Kurniadie, D., Sumekar, Y., & Tajjudin, M.I. (2020). Herbisida Natrium Bispiribak Dosis Rendah Terbukti Efektif Mengendalikan Gulma pada Sistem Tanam Benih Langsung Padi. Jurnal Kultivasi, 19(2), 1127–1128. https://doi.org/10.24198/kultivasi.v19i2.25708

Kurniadie, D., Umiyati, U., & Ardhianty, D. (2021). Efikasi Campuran Tienkarbazon Metil dan Tembotrion sebagai Herbisida Purna Tumbuh terhadap Gulma Berdaun Lebar dan Sempit pada Budidaya Tanaman Jagung. Jurnal Kultivasi, 20(3), 207–208. https://doi.org/10.24198/kultivasi.v20i3.34110

Lolitasari, R., & Saifuddin, H. (2019). Aplikasi Herbisida Berbahan Aktif Campuran Atrazin Mesotrion dan Paraquat dalam Pengendalian Gulma pada Pertanaman Jagung (Zea mays L.). Jurnal Pengendalian Hayati, 2(1), 34–39. https://doi.org/10.19184/jph.v2i1.17138

Makmur, Karim, H.A., Hasanuddin, K., & Suryadi. (2020). Uji Berbagai Sistem Tanam terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produktivitas Tanaman Padi (Oryza sativa L.). Agrovital: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian, 5(2), 94–98. http://doi.org/10.35329/agrovital.v5i2.1748

Pandawani, N.P., & Putra, I.G.C. (2015). Peningkatan Produktivitas Padi Sawah dengan Penerapan Sistim Tabela. Agrimeta: Jurnal Pertanian Berbasis Keseimbangan Ekosistem, 5(10), 51–58.

Panjaitan, K.N., & Nugroho, A. (2020). Uji Efektivitas Herbisida Glifosat dan Metil Metsulfuron pada Pengendalian Gulma Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 8(5), 488–494. http://protan.studentjournal.ub.ac.id/index.php/protan/article/view/1410

Pratiwi, R., Sembodo, D.R.J., & Hidayat, K.F. (2016). Efikasi Herbisida Penoksulam terhadap Pertumbuhan Gulma Umum pada Budidaya Tanaman Padi Sawah. Jurnal Agrotek Tropika, 4(1), 16–21. http://doi.org/10.23960/jat.v4i1.1889

Simanjuntak, R., Wicaksono, K.P., & Tyasmoro, S.Y. (2016). Pengujian Efikasi Herbisida Berbahan Aktif Pirazosulfuron Etil 10% untuk Penyiangan pada Budidaya Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L.). Jurnal Produksi Tanaman, 4(1), 31–39. http://protan.studentjournal.ub.ac.id/index.php/protan/article/view/257

Umiyati, U., Kurniadie, D., & Deden. (2021). Efektivitas Cyhalofop-butyl Mengendalikan Gulma pada Budidaya Padi Sawah Tabela. Agrotechnology Research Journal 5(2), 125–130. https://doi.org/10.20961/agrotechresj.v5i2.54578

Umiyati, U., Widayat, D., Kurniadie, D., & Gumiwang. (2020). Herbisida Penoksulam 25 g/L sebagai Pengendali Gulma Teki dan Daun Lebar pada Budidaya Padi Sawah Sistem Tanam Pindah. Jurnal Kultivasi, 19(2), 1105–1113. https://doi.org/10.24198/kultivasi.v19i2.26105

Utami, S., Kurniadie, D., & Widayat, D. (2020). Dinamika Populasi Gulma Akibat Aplikasi Herbisida Metil Metsulfuron pada Padi Sawah Sistem Tanam Pindah (Tapin) dan Tanam Benih Langsung (Tabela). Jurnal Agrikultura, 31(3), 174–181. https://doi.org/10.24198/agrikultura.v31i3.29231

Weed Science and Society of America (2002). Herbicide Handbook. 8th Edition. (W.K. Vencill, Ed.). Lawrence, Kansas, United States: Weed Science and Society of America.

Widayat, D., & Purba, C.O. (2015). Produktivitas Tanaman dan Kehilangan Hasil Tanaman Padi (Oryza sativa L.) Kultivar Ciherang pada Kombinasi Jarak Tanam dengan Frekuensi Penyiangan Berbeda. Jurnal Kultivasi, 14(1), 17–24. https://doi.org/10.24198/kultivasi.v14i1.12098

Widayat, D., & Sumekar, Y. (2019). The Effect of Butyl Cyhalophop Herbicide on Weeds, Growth and Yield of Rice Plants (Oryza sativa L.). International Journal of Veterinary Science and Agriculture Research, 1(4), 9–17. Retrieved from https://ijvsar.com/Publised/IJVA1I4/IJV25875066.pdf

Widayat, D., & Sumekar, Y. (2022). Pengaruh Dosis Herbisida Campuran Penoksulam dan Pretilaklor terhadap Gulma, Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Padi Sawah. Agrivet: Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan, 10(2), 182–192. https://doi.org/10.31949/agrivet.v10i2.2886

Widyasmara, I.M.K., Arimbawa, I.W.P., & Wijaya, I.K.A. (2019). Pengaruh Pemberian Beberapa Jenis Herbisida terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Padi (Oryza sativa L.) dengan Sistem Tanam Tabur Benih Langsung Tanpa Olah Tanah (Tabelatot). Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology), 8(4), 399–409. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/JAT/article/view/54481

Zarwazi, L.M., Chozin, M.A., & Guntoro, D. (2016). Potensi Gangguan Gulma pada Tiga Sistem Budidaya Padi Sawah. Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia, 44(2), 147–153. https://doi.org/10.24831/jai.v44i2.13481



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.73339

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1039 | views : 860

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics