Oviposition Preference of Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Different Fruit in Snake Fruit Orchard


Rahmi Fitrah(1*), Deni Pranowo(2), Suputa Suputa(3)

(1) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Sekip Utara, Bulaksumur, Sleman,Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author


The oriental fruit fly Bactocera dorsalis (Hendel) is an important pest of snake fruit (Salacca zalacca) in Sleman District. Due to the high level of damage by the fruit flies, it is necessary to do. The aim of this research was to find out suitable fruit traps, by testing the oviposition preferences of the fruit flies in the orchard to lay eggs on several types of fruit. The research was done in snake fruit orchard located at Sleman Yogyakarta and owned by farmers, while the Lab works were done at the Laboratory of Entomology, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada. All researches were done between April-June 2019. Guava (Psidium guajava), watery rose apples (Syzygium aqueum), starfruit (Averrhoa carambolae), and snake fruit (Salacca zalacca) were used as trap crops. Each fruit, with the same maturity level, was hung 1.5 m above the ground for 4 days with 12 days total trapping at intervals of 3 times. After the test, each fruit was taken and the insects in it were reared in the laboratory. The number of pupae and flies that emerged from each fruit was counted and compared. The results showed that in the orchard 1 as well as  2, of guava fruit produced the highest number of (151 pupae) followed by salak (94 pupae), star fruit (83 pupae), and water guava (2 pupae). The finding of seeds shows that guava fruit is the most suitable host for the fruit flies to be used in the trapping, followed by star fruit and watery guava.


Bactrocera dorsalis; guava; oviposition preference; trap crop

Full Text:



Allwood A.J. 1996. Biology and Ecology: Prerequisites for Understanding and Managing Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae), p. 95-101. In AJ. Allwood & R.A. I. Drew (eds.), Management of Fruit Flies in the Pacific. Proceeding of Regional Symposium, Nadi, Fiji, October 28-31, 1996. AClAR Proceedings No. 76. Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra (AU).

Bernays, E.A., & R.L. Chapman. 1994. Host-Plant Selection by Phytophagous Insect. Chapman and Hall Publication, London (UK). 312 p.

Brévault T. & S. Quilici. 2009. Oviposition Preference in the Oligophagous Tomato Fruit Fly, Neoceratitis cyanescens. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 133: 165−173.

Clarke, A.R., K.F. Armstrong, A.E. Carmicheal, J.R. Milne, S. Raghu, G.K. Roderick & D.K. Yeates. 2005. Invasive Phytophagous Pest Arising Through a Recent Tropical Evolutionary Radiation: The Bactrocera dorsalis Complex of Fruit Flies. Annual Review of Entomology 50: 293-319.

Deny, S. 2018. Ekspor Buah Salak Terkendala Hama Lalat. http://m.liputan6. com/ekspor-salak-ri-masih-terkendala-hama-lalat, accessed 14/02/2019.

Jang, E.B. 1995. Effects of Mating and Accessory Gland Injections on Olfactory-mediated Behavior in the Female Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata. Journal of Insect Physiology 41: 705−710.

Kardinan, A. 2009. Pengembangan Kearifan Lokal Penggunaan Pestisida Nabati untuk Menekan Dampak Pencemaran Lingkungan. Disertasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor (ID). 128 p.

Kostal, V. 1993. Physical and Chemical Factors Influencing Landing and Oviposition by the Cabbage Root Fly on Host-plant Models. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 66: 109–118.

Koswanudin, D., A. Basukriadi, I. M. Samudra, & R. Ubaidillah. 2018. Host Preference Fruit Flies Bactrocera carambolae (Drew & Hancock) and Bactrocera dorsalis (Drew and Hancock) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 15: 40−49.

Rattanapun, W., W. Amomsak, & A.R. Clarke. 2009. Bactrocera dorsalis Preference for and Performance on Two Mango Varieties at Three Stages of Ripeness. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 131: 243–253.

Sauers-Muller, V.A.E. 2005. Host Plants of the Carambola Fruit Fly, Bactrocera carambolae, in Suriname, South America. Neotropical Entomology 34: 203−214.

Siwi S.S. 2005. Eko-Biologi Hama Lalat Buah. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetika Pertanian, Bogor (ID). 70 p.

Sohail, M., M. A. Aqueel, M. S. Assi, M. Javed, M. S. Khalil, H. Khalil, & M. H. Ahmad. 2015. Food and Ovipositor Preference of Oriental Fruit Fly Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel (Diptera : Tephritidae) on Different fruit and Vegetable Host. European Academic Research 3: 45−-60.

Suputa, Y.A. Trisyono, E. Martono, & S.S. Siwi. 2010. Update on the Host Range of Diferent Species of Fruit Flies in Indonesia. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 16: 62−72.

Win, N. Z., K.M. Mi, T.T. Oo, K.K. Win, J. Park, & J.K. Park. 2014. Occurrence of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Fruit Orchards from Myanmar. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 53: 323−329.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.52825

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1278 | views : 1117


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is published by the Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada, in collaboration with Indonesian Entomological Society (Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia, PEI) and Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia, PFI). The content of this website is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.  

View website statistics