THE DIVERSITY AND ABUNDANCE OF EGG PARASITOIDS IN BROWN PLANTHOPPER, Nilaparvata lugens Stal (HEMIPTERA: DELPHACIDAE) AT DIFFERENT RICE GROWTH PHASES IN SAKETI, PANDEGLANG, BANTEN

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.39050

Nurullah Asep Abdilah(1*), Hadi Susilo(2)

(1) Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Pharmacy, University of Mathla’ul Anwar Jln. Raya Labuan KM. 23, Cikaliung, Saketi, Pandeglang-Banten 42273
(2) Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Pharmacy, University of Mathla’ul Anwar Jln. Raya Labuan KM. 23, Cikaliung, Saketi, Pandeglang-Banten 42273
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


An extensive study about egg parasitoid biodiversity in different plant growth stages is an important need. This study was aimed to determine the diversity and abundance of egg parasitoids Nilaparvata lugens on different rice growth stages in Saketi, Pandeglang, Banten. The parasitoids sample was collected three times with two days interval sampling in three villages, i.e. Sodong (location I), Sindanghayu (location II), and Sukalangu (location III) from February to September 2018. Ten plants (as bait: rice that infected by N. lugens eggs) were put during two days along the transect line (100 meters) with 10 m space in between. The findings revealed that the abundance richness (S), the diversity index (H'), and similarity (J') of egg parasitoids of N. lugens were higher in the location I than those in the locations II and III. The study indicated that the diversity and abundance of egg parasitoids of N. lugens decreased in the generative phase of rice growth.


Keywords


biodiversity; biological control; natural enemy; parasitoid



References

Abdilah, N.A. 2015. Keanekaragaman dan Biologi Reproduksi Parasitoid Telur Wereng Cokelat, Nilaparvata lugens Stal (Hemiptera: Delphacidae). Tesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor (ID): 75 p.

Abdilah, N.A., T. Atmowidi, & D. Buchori. 2016. Tipe Peneluran, Pengaruh Lama Ketiadaan Inang, dan Pakan terhadap Keragaan Reproduksi Parasitoid Anagrus nilaparvatae Pang et Wang (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 13: 127-137.

Baehaki, S.E. 2012. Perkembangan Biotipe Hama Wereng Cokelat pada Tanaman Padi. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 7: 8-17.

Baehaki, S.E. & M.J. Mejaya. 2014. Wereng Cokelat sebagai Hama Global Bernilai Ekonomi Tinggi dan Strategi Pengendaliannya. Iptek Tanaman Pangan 9: 1-12.

Bogran, C.E., K.M. Heinz, & M.A. Ciomperlik. 2002. Interspecific Competition Among Insect Parasitoids: Field Experiments with Whiteflies as Hosts in Cotton. Ecology. 83: 653-668.

Effendi, B.S. 2009. Strategi Pengendalian Hama Terpadu pada Tanaman Padi dalam Perspektif Praktik Petanian yang Baik (Good Agricultural Practices). Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian 2: 65-78.

Fu, X.W., C. Li, H.Q. Feng, Z.F. Liu, JW. Chapman, D.R. Reynolds, & K.M. Wu. 2014. Seasonal Migration of Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Over the Bohai Sea in Northern China. Bulletin of Entomological Research 104: 601-609.

Gurr, G.M., J. Liu, D.M.Y Read, J.L.A. Catindig, J.A. Cheng, L.P. Lan, & K.L. Heong. 2011. Parasitoids of Asian Rice Planthopper (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) Pests and Prospects for Enhancing Biological Control by Ecological Engineering. Annals of Applied Biology 158: 149-176.

Hamid, H. 2002. Keanekaragaman, Parasitisasi dan Penyebaran Parasitoid pada Pertanaman Padi dan Tebu di Daerah Geografik yang Berbeda di Pulau Jawa. Tesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor (ID). 108 p.

Hamid, H., D. Buchori, & H. Triwidodo. 2003. Keanekaragaman Parasitoid dan Parasitisasinya pada Pertanaman Padi di Kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun. Hayati 3: 85-90.

Haryati, S., Y.A. Trisyono, & Witjaksono. 2015. Parasitism of The Rice Brown Eggs in Various Periods of Time of The Day. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 20: 28-35.

Heinrichs, E.A., R.M. Aguda, A.T. Barrion, M. Bharathi, S. Chelliah, D. Dalle, K.O. Gallagher, K. Kritani, J.A. Litsinger, M.E. Loevinsohn, K. Naba, P.A.C. Ooi, O. Parada, D.W. Roberts, M.C. Rombach, B.M. Shepard, C.M. Smith, & G. Weber. 1994. Biology and Management of Rice Insects. New Delhi, India: International Rice Research Institute-Willey Eastern. 779 p.

Herlina, N., A. Rizali, Moerfiah, B. Sahari, & D. Buchori. 2011. Pengaruh Habitat Sekitar Lahan Persawahan dan Umur Tanaman Padi terhadap Keanekaragaman Hymenoptera Parasitika. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 8: 17-26.

Herlina, N., A. Rizali, Moerfiah, B. Sahari, & D. Buchori. 2011. Pengaruh Habitat Sekitar Lahan Persawahan dan Umur Tanaman Padi terhadap Keanekaragaman Hymenoptera Parasitika. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 8:17-26.

Herlinda, S. 2007. Struktur Komunitas dan Potensi Kumbang Predator (Carabidae dan Laba-Laba) Penghuni Ekosistem Sawah Dataran Tinggi Sumatera Selatan, p. 1-8. In Prosiding Seminar dan Konferensi Nasional Konservasi Serangga pada Bentang Alam Tropis: Peluang dan Tantangan. Bogor.

Herlinda, S., E. Anggraini, C. Irsan, A. Umayah, R. Thalib, & T. Adam. 2012. Spesies Parasitoid Lipaphis erisimi Asal Sumatera Selatan dan Variasi Parasitisasinya pada Tumbuhan Inang yang Berbeda. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Topika 2: 111-118.

Huber, T. & N. Islam. 2017. Introduction to the Mymaridae (Hymenoptera) of Bangladesh. Zookeys 675: 75-96.

Kartohardjono, A. 2011. Penggunaan Musuh Alami sebagai Komponen Pengendalian Hama Padi Berbasis Ekologi. Pengembangan Inovasi Pertanian 4: 29-46.

Magurran, A.E. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. USA: Princeton University Press. 179 p.

Meilin, A. 2012. Inventarisasi Parasitoid Telur Wereng Batang Cokelat di Beberapa Pertanaman Padi. Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi 12: 19-22.

Rizali, A., D. Buchori, & H. Triwidodo. 2002. Keanekaragaman Serangga pada Lahan Persawahan-Tepian Hutan: Indikator untuk Kesehatan Lingkungan. Hayati 2: 41-48.

Sianipar, M.S., A. Purnama, E. Santosa, R.C.H. Soesilohadi, W.D. Natawigena, N. Susniahti, & A. Primasongko. 2017. Populasi Hama Wereng Batang Cokelat (Nilaparvata lugens Stal.), Keragaman Musuh Alami Predator serta Parasitoidnya pada Lahan Sawah di Dataran Rendah Kabupaten Indramayu. Agrologia 1: 44-53.

Susiawan, E. & N. Yuliarti. 2006. Distribusi dan Kelimpahan Parasitoid Telur, Telenomus spp. di Sumatera Barat: Status dan Potensinya sebagai Agensia Pengendali Hayati. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 2: 104-113.

Triapitsyn, S.V. 2002. Descriptive Notes on A New and Other Little Known Species of Anagrus Haliday, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) from The New World Tropics and Subtropics. Entomotropica 17: 213-223.

Triapitsyn, S.V. & V.V. Berezovskiy. 2004. Review of The Genus Anagrus Haliday, 1833 (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in Rusia, with Notes on Some Extralimital Species. Ear Fastern Entomology 139: 1-36.

Viggiani, G. & B.R.S. Rao. 1978. Notes on Some Trichogrammatid Parasites Associated with Rice Pests in Thailand with The Description of A New Species. Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 35: 3-7.

Wilyus, F. Nurdiansyah, S. Herlinda, C. Irsan, & Y. Pujiastuti. 2012. Potensi Parasitoid Telur Penggerek Batang Padi Kuning Scirpophaga incertulas Walker pada Beberapa Tipologi Lahan di Provinsi Jambi. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 12: 56-63.

Yaherwandi & U. Syam. 2007. Keanekaragaman dan Biologi Reproduksi Parasitoid Wereng Cokelat Nilaparvata lugens Stal. (Homoptera: Delphacidae) pada Struktur Lanskap Pertanian Berbeda. Jurnal Akta Agrosia 10: 76-86.

Yaherwandi, S. Manuwoto, D. Buchori, P. Hidayat, & L. Prasetyo. 2008. Struktur Komunitas Hymenoptera Parasitoid pada Tumbuhan Liar di Sekitar Pertanaman Padi di Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Tropika 8: 90-101.

Yaherwandi. 2009. Struktur Komunitas Hymenoptera Parasitoid pada Berbagai Lanskap Pertanian di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 6: 1-14.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.39050

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 86

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 height=auto

Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print)ISSN 2548-4788 (online) Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021Indexing & Abstracting , 

View My Stats