Analysis of Volatile Compound at Different Age of Corn Crops Used as Bemisia tabaci Repellent

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35954

Retno Wikan Tyasningsiwi(1), Witjaksono Witjaksono(2*), Siwi Indarti(3)

(1) Directorate of Horticultural Crop Protection, Ministry of Agriculture Jln. AUP Pasar Minggu, South Jakarta 12520
(2) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada Jln. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Bemisia tabaci is one of the red chili pests that plays a role as a Begomovirus vector. This vector can be controlled through Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices. One of the potential practices is by utilizing corn as a barrier crop to prevent the vector from attacking the main crop. The aim of this research was to examine the repellence activity of the volatile compound obtained from various ages of corn crop against B. tabaci. The volatile compound was collected from the corns at 4 week after planting (WAP), 6 WAP, 8 WAP, 10 WAP, and 12 WAP. Volatile compound capture device was designed with two solvents, i.e. hexane and ethanol, then the volatile compound analyzed by Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). B. tabaci repellency against volatile compound was examined using Y-tube olfactometer. Each treatment was employed with 5 replications. Data were analyzed using ANOVA with 95% and further analyzed by Least Significant Different (LSD). The parameter observed was the total of B. tabaci avoided the volatile compound tested until half of the control olfactometer arm. The results showed that all ages of the corn produced repellent compound and the most optimal were corn aged 12 WAP with repellency rate of 83.72%. GC-MS analysis identified the volatile compound were citronella, limonene, β-phellandrene, β-caryophyllene, 1.8 cineole, farnesol, caryophyllene, and patchouli alcohol.


Keywords


Bemisia tabaci; corn crop; repellent compound

Full Text:

PDF


References

Aidawati N., S.H., Hidayat, R. Suseno,  & S. Sos- romarsono. 2002. Transmission of an Indonesian Isolate of Tobacco leaf curl virus (Geminivirus) by Bemisia tabaci Genn. (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of  Plant Pathology 18: 231–236.

Amalia, H. 2015. Keefektifan Beberapa Komponen Pengendalian Hama Lalat Buah pada Tanaman Cabai. Master Thesis. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. 52 p.

Delletre, E., F. Chandre, B. Barkman, C. Menut, & T. Martin. 2015. Naturally Occurring Bioactive Compounds from Four Repellent Essential Oils against Bemisia tabaci whiteflies. Journal of Pest Management Science 72: 179−189.

Difonzo, C.D., D.W. Ragsdale, E.B. Radcliffe, N.C. Gudmestad, & G.A. Secor. 1996. Crop Borders Reduce Potato virus Y Incidence in Seed Potato. Annals of Applied Biology 129: 289−302.

Fereres A. 2000. Barrier Crops as a Cultural Control Measure of Non-persistently Transmitted Aphid- borne Viruses. Virus Research 71: 221–231.

Friarini, Y. P., Witjaksono, & Suputa. 2016. Study of the Use of Maize as Barrier Crop in Chili to Control Bemisia Tabaci (Gennadius) Population. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia 20:79−83.

Friarini, Y.P. 2017. Tanaman Jagung sebagai Tanaman Pembatas pada Pertanaman Cabai untuk Mengendalikan Bemisia tabaci. Master Thesis. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. 46 p.

Frisbie, R.E., & Smith J.W. Jr. 1991. Biologically Intensive Integrated Pest Management: The Future, p. 151−164. In J.J. Menn & A.L.Steinhauer (eds.), Progress and Perspective for 21 Century. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, Maryland.

Guo, J., T. Liu, L. Han, & Y. Liu. 2009. The Effect of Corn Silk on Glycaemic Metabolism. Nutrition & Metabolism 6: 47−52.

Hasyim, A., W. Setiawati, & L. Liferdi. 2016. Kutu Kebul Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Penyebar Penyakit Virus Mosaik Kuning pada Tanaman Terung. Jurnal IPTEK Hortikultura 12: 50−54.

Heath, R.R., A. Manukian. 1994. An Automated System for Use in Collecting Volatile Chemicals Released from Plants. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20: 593−608.

Hidayat S.H., & E. Rahmayani. 2007. Transmission of Tomato leaf curl Begomovirus by Two Different Species of Whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Journal of Plant Pathology 23:57–61.

Hoddle, M.S., R.G. van Driesche & J.P. Sanderson. 1998. Biology and Use of the Whitefly Parasitoid Encarsia formosa. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 645−669.

Jones, D.R. 2003. Plant Viruses Transmitted by Whiteflies. European Journal of Plant Pathology 109: 195− 219.

Kardinan, A. 2003. Tanaman Pengusir dan Pembasmi Nyamuk. Agromedia Pustaka, Bogor. 52 p.

Mardiningsih, T.L., S.L. Triantoro, Tobing, & S. Rusli. 1995. Patchouli Oil Product as Insect Repellent. Journal of Industrial Crops Research 1: 152−158.

Mehta, P., J.A. Wyman, M.K. Nakhla, & D.P. Maxwel. 1994. Polymerase Chain Reaction Detection of Viruliferous Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) with Two Tomato of Infecting Geminiviruses. Journal of Economic Entomology 87: 1285−1290.

Meilin A. 2012. Dampak Aplikasi Insektisida pada Parasitoid Telur Wereng Batang Cokelat dan Deltametrin Konsentrasi Subletal terhadap Anagrus nilaparvatae (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae). Doctoral Thesis. Universitas Gajah Mada, Yogyakarta. 149 p.

Moreau, T. 2010. Manipulating Whitefly Behavior Using Plant Resistance, Reduced Risk Spray, Trap Crops and Yellow Sticky Trap for Improved Control for Sweet Paper Greenhouse Crops. Thesis for Ph.D. in The Univ. of British Columbia. Vancouver. 114 p.

Nerio, L.S., J. Olivero-Verbel,  & E. Stashenko. 2010, Repellent Activity of Essential Oils: A Review. Bioresource Technology 101: 372–378.

Oladipupo, A.L., A.K. Adeleke, R.O. Andi, & O.O. Adebola. 2012. Volatile Constituents of the Flower, Leaves, Stems and Roots of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsley) A. Gray. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants 15: 816−821.

Susanti, D., R. Widyastuti, & A. Sulistyo. 2015. Aktivitas Antifeedant  dan Antioviposisi  Ekstrak  Daun Tithonia terhadap Kutu Kebul. Agrosains 17:33−38.

Rinaldi, F.B., J. Rachmawati, & B.K. Udiarto. 2016. Pengaruh Ekstrak Bunga Krisan (Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium rev.), Bunga Saliara (Lantana camara Linn.), dan Bunga Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia Mill.) terhadap Repellency Kutu Kebul (Bemisia tabaci Genn.). Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi (Bioed.) 4: 41−49.

Robinson, T. 1995. Kandungan Organik Tumbuhan Tinggi. Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung. 367 p.

Schoonhoven, L.M., T. Jermy, &  J.J.A. Van Loon. 1998. Insect-Plant Biology. Chapman & Hall. London-Madras. 409 p.

Setiawati W., B.K. Udiarto, T.A. Soetiarso.  2007. Selektivitas Beberapa Insektisida terhadap Hama Kutu Kebul (Bemisia tabaci Genn.) dan Predator Menochilus sexmaculatus Fabr. Jurnal Hortikultura 17: 168−174.

Sjam, S., Melina, & S. Thamrin. 2010. Pengujian Ekstrak Tumbuhan Vitex trifolia L., Acorus colomus L. dan Andropogon nardus L. terhadap Hama Pasca Panen Araecerus fasciculatus De Geer (Coleoptera: Anthribidae) pada Biji Kakao. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia 7: 1−8.

Sugiyama K. 2005. Management of Whitefly for Commercial Tomato Production in Greenhouses in Shizuoka, Japan. p. 81−91. In Te-Yeh Ku & Chin-Ling Wang (eds.), Proceeding of the International Seminar on Whitefly Management and Control Strategy. Taichung, Taiwan, Octo- ber 3–8, 2005.

Sulandari, S. 2004. Karakterisasi Biologi, Serologi dan Analisis Sidik Jari DNA Virus Penyebab Penyakit Daun Keriting Kuning Cabai. Diser- tasi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. 175 p.

Untung, K. 2006. Pengantar Pengelolaan Hama Terpadu. Gadjah Mada University Press, Yogyakarta. 348 p.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpti.35954

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 199 | views : 99

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Accredited Journal, Based on Decree of the Minister of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia Number 30/E/KPT/2018, Vol. 21 No. 1 the Year 2017 - Vol. 25 No. 1 the Year 2021. Jurnal Perlindungan Tanaman Indonesia ISSN 1410-1637 (print), ISSN 2548-4788 (online) is indexed by: :